Yenippadigalil Maanthargal - YPM

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YPM-PART-2 - Page - 7

Theertha Narayanar

During the beginning of the 18th century in the northern part of the country there lived a Brahmin by name Gangadhara with his virtuous wife Mangalambigai, at a village called Giridurgam. Gangadhara Shastri had no child and was sad on that count. So the couple went to a Siva temple nearby and offered their prayers. Bhagavan blessed them without delay and a male child was born to the couple who was named Anantha Padmanabhan.

When the boy was five, the parents conducted his Upanayanam and sent him to a Guru for studies.

Women and disciples who respectively treat their husbands and Guru as God gain approval from Gods. This means that such persons need accord only  'secondary importance' to God.

A few months after the boy completed his Vedadhyayana his guru passed away. Anantha Padmanabhan came back to his parent's home, enshrined his guru mentally in front of him, learnt the entire gamut of scriptures on his own and became an expert in all arts a Brahmin is suppose to assimilate. As per his parents' wish, he married Suseela, daughter of Shankara Sastri of village Swarnapuri. He functioned as one of the foremost of Daiva Vivekis of his times and hence was connected to Gods. Year rolled by and his parents passed away. When he was thus going through Grahasthashrama, a wish arose in him to undertake a pilgrimage. With the consent of his wife he commenced his pilgrimage.

In order to get the consent of Vinayagar for commencing the pilgrimage, he went to the Dundi Vinayagar in Varanasi and was blessed instantly by Him. From that moment, he became a Daiva Sadhu. Among the sacred places visited by him, Gokarnam, Jaganatham, Janardhanam, Udupi and Subramanya were important. In these kshetras he was blessed by incorporeal voice. When he was in Jagannatham, he pleased Bhagavan with his stotras who blessed him thus. "Hey Padmanabha! Since stotras flow from your tongue like water, I will bestow on you my name 'Theertha Narayanan.' From this moment Anantha Padmanabhan was called 'Theertha Narayanar'.

When he went to Subramanya finally and composed a hymn on Lord Muruga, he was blessed by an incorporeal voice which announced, "Hey Bhaktha! You go to the country of Cholas. There you will meet a Mahan! Your heart's wish will be fulfilled! Moreover you are going to function as a manifestation of Easwara (Easwara Swarupi)!" On hearing this, Theertha Narayanar became extremely happy and started moving towards the country of Cholas. He visited several kshetras before reaching Chidambaram. Let us stop this now.

To the east of Thiruvidaimarudur at a distance of four miles the village of Kamsapuram aka Kanchanur was situated. In this village Lord Agneeswara with Kalapakeshwari and Lord Varadaraja were domiciled. At the time we are talking, this village was under the domination of Vaishnavites. Among the Vaishnavites, there was a prominent person by name Vasudevachariyar who had a son by name Sudarshanachariyar. When this boy grew up, he started worshipping at both the temples of Siva and Perumal. His parents objected to this which made the boy more intense in his worship of Siva. The parents told him that he will be excommunicated. The boy stood firm. The elders in the community summoned the village council and the boy was summoned.

"We want to impose a hefty punishment for your heinous sin. What is your reply?" quipped  the elders in a ferocious tone.

The boy shot back, "What is wrong in worshipping Siva who is the guru of our Perumal? "

"In that case will you sit on molten iron with your body intact and proclaim that Shiva is superior to Maha Vishnu thrice? " challenged the elders. The boy agreed to take up the challenge.

In front of Lord Varadaraja a big sheet of iron was heated as molten iron. Sudharshanacharyar sat on it coolly and fulfilled the condition. From that moment he was called 'Haradatha Sivacharyar' by Lord Agneeswara. Haradatha Sivacharya is considered an aspect of Maha Vishnu and hence He was an Avathara Mahan.

Though Haradatha was wandering in the region, he used to stay at the Agneeswara temple time and again and worship Easwara. While he was thus involved in a divine life, Theertha Narayanar reached Chidambaram. When he reached Chidambaram he came to know about the divine miracle that took place in Kanchanur. Deciding at once that Haradatha was the saint indicated by Lord Muruga at Subramanya, he reached the Agneeswara temple straight away. At the same time, the Mahan (Haradatha) also appeared there as if waiting to give him (Theertha Narayanar ) Darshan. Theertha Narayanar instantly fell at the feet of Haradatha and entreated his blessings.

Haradatha said, "Hey, Theertha Narayana! You have been blessed by Lord Muruga. You will shine forth as a Sachithantha Rupi. Have Darshan of Lord Agneeswara for some time and then take to wandering." Eve since he met Haradatha, the mind of Theertha Narayanar was functioning at a level he could not figure out. Whatever daily rites observed by him as a traditional Brahmin started slipping away from him the way a cucumber fruit left its stalk in the creeper. Thus he stayed in Kanchanur for a few months. In the meanwhile he had a dream in which he beheld  Haradatha going to Kailasa which he humbly  informed his Guru.

On hearing this his guru said, "Yes, I am going to Bhulokha Kailasam" and left Kanchanur on the same day.

It is said that Haradatha was traveling towards north after having Darshan of a few kshetras on the way. Even now many Hindus consider  the upper part of Himalayas as Bhulokha Kailasam.

By the way, a few of us living in this era of conquest of space may be skeptical about Gods and their abode. Some may question the existence of Mount Kailas at Himalayas. Reason, the mountaineers who conquered the peak of Everest would have informed us about the existence of Shiva or Kailasam in case they had spotted them. Also the Russian astronaut who landed in moon could not find God though he searched for Him from such heights as announced by our leader Nehru! By the way Gods have their abodes in some worlds that lie beyond the home of Sun God. However if they so wish, they can appear in any location on our earth. Why, a God may simultaneously appear in a thousand places. In an assembly of human beings a God can be visible to one and invisible to the rest. They can bless people incognito. When on all such occasions Gods remain only in their permanent abode.

Whatever said above actually happened when human beings were virtuous and were following the divine religion (Daiva Madham).

Moreover, one should recall the wonderful Unidentified Flying Objects (UFOs) which are created by Gods on meditation and sent for the attention of human beings appear in different shapes to different persons.

A few scientists have opined that these mysterious UFOs are sent from a planet beyond the sun (Soorya Mandalam). These UFOs which are fabricated in a split second by Bhagavan are not created in any other extraneous planet. They are simply made by the omnipresent Anu Bhagavan at any spot chosen by Him. Yes! These are now created above clouds and sent for the attention of various regimes on earth.

Bhagavan has created all things and their method of us that are required for the health of humankind in the beginning of creation itself. Beyond these, any human creations/scientific gadgets which are used by people are bound to create grave health problems in the long run. The UFOs are sent only to warn and make people understand that there exists a super science above human science to which everyone must submit. In these times of ever increasing sins, Bhagavan need not warn us through incorporeal voice or other visible means. If you ask me, I will say that it is better to use all the atom bombs in the world since modern gadgets (like computer, mobile phones, air conditioners and other gizmos) are going to murder alive our descendants  in their own way. The children belonging to this era may wear ghastly looks.

By the way, read the observations of a scientist by name Rutledge who followed the phenomenon of UFOs keenly throughout his life.

"The pursuit of 'Unidentified Flying Objects' can be a difficult thing for a scientist. It has changed my life completely. I do not know the origin of the objects I have seen. But I have documented evidence, they have performed aerial gymnastics that seem far beyond what any known man - made aircraft can do".

By the way, people of the hoary past, knew that Gods were omnipresent and believed that the main deity resided at the top of all mountains in their country. Yes, Lord Parameshwara who bore different names in different countries had thus blessed them with His residence in this manner.

For example, Anu Bhagavan of Assyrians lived in Mount Armenia. Haran Bhagavan of Arabs lived in Mount Hira. Jupiter God of Romans lived in Mount  Sapthagiri. Zeus Bhagavan of Greeks lived in Mount Olympus. Yahweh Bhagavan of the ancient Palestine lived in Mount Sinai. When in these days of modern science, a few Hindus stick to their faith. They believe that even if persons like us (note Sir's humility) manage to reach Everest we can't behold Parameshwara so easily. That means that a person can't behold Parameshwara and Kailasam till he attains the level of Mahan. For those who have reached the level of Mahans, Parameshwara granted the vision of Bhulokha Kailasam at the pinnacle of various mountains where He resided.

Meanwhile in Tanjore there lived a poor, virtuous woman with her son. The son was stupid, dull in studies, not very smart in disposition and had low grasping power. He was well aware of his drawbacks. However he could not utter lies or commit misdeeds (Ignorance is bliss). But he had a robust health. They had no means of sustenance. Around this time Haradatha's miracle was prevalent in the region. Hence the mother decided to take her son Kuppu to Kanchanur to get the blessings of the Mahan. When she reached there, she came to know that Haradatha had already left the place.

However Kuppu got the opportunity to serve the Lord by way of fetching water for Abhishekam. He took bath daily in Kaveri, fetched water in big vessels to the temple wearing wet clothes and also undertook the service of grinding sandal paste for the Bhagavan. He also served his mother sincerely and prostrated to her daily. Since he was trained in bhakthi right from his young age, he believed that the deity lay concealed in the idol.

One day Kuppu fell very sick and could fetch water only with a lot of strain. Fearing that his service to Bhagavan may face obstruction, he confessed the matter to his mother. His mother responded, "Child, don't regret! We have to face our karma. We are suffering from poverty and ill health since we did not worship the Lord properly in our last birth. However due to good deeds committed by our ancestors, we have got the opportunity to fetch water for Abhishekam (Theertha Kainkaryam) to Lord Agneeswara .Don't worry. Go to the temple, prostrate to the Lord and pray to Him. He will bless you." Kuppu reached the temple and importuned thus: "Swami, I know neither stotras nor puja. If it is true that I had performed water service to you sincerely, you should bless me."

He who made Kuppu weak and who was determined to demonstrate his greatness blessed Kuppu thus. "You are going to be blessed forthwith!". At the same moment the Daiva Sadhu (Kuppu) saw Theertha Narayana emanating from the sacrosanctum, caught His holy feet and prayed that his delusion be dispelled.

Theertha Narayanar who understood that this was the order from Lord Agneeswara told Kuppu, "You have received the full blessings of Bhagavan. From today you will shine in the world with the name Gupta Sivan". From that moment, Gupta Sivan meditated on Theertha Narayanar as His guru and started excelling in a few mantras in which He attained sidhi.

Let us now turn to Theertha Narayanar. After taking leave of Lord Agneeswara he reached Parashunardanapuram  aka Thirumazhapadi which was situated in the northern bank of Kollidam (Mahanadi) after visiting several holy spots in between. He selected a spot situated to the west of Eashwaran temple under a Bilva tree and started absorbing spiritual growth.

We will now turn to Gupta Sivan. When Gupta Sivan was thus shining in Kanchanur, a virtuous Brahmin by name Panchanadam came to Kanchanur in search of a Guru. He heard about the greatness of Gupta Sivan, had Darshan of Lord Agneeswara and fell at the feet of Gupta Sivan and prayed that he be accepted as his disciple. Knowing the greatness of Panchanadam through his spiritual power, Gupta Sivan initiated him in Panchakshara. He also informed his disciple that he will soon meet his own Guru, Theertha Narayanar and instructed Panchanadam to return to Thiruvaiyaru. When Panchanadam reached Thiruvaiyaru he visited Thirumazhapadi for Makasnanam (a holy dip) at Mahanadhi (Kollidam).

Completing Makasnanam, having Darshan of the local deity Sri Vaidyanatha Swami, Panchanadam came to know about a saint who was sitting there in Nishtai. Hoping that He was his Guru, he reached the spot, observed Theertha Narayanar in Nishtai with delight, cleaned the spot around him by removing leaves and sprinkling water in the place. When the Thuravi came out of his Nishtai in a short while, Panchanadam fell at his feet and prayed that he be made fit to attain liberation (Krutharthan).

Thuravi asked Panchanadam, "Did Gupta Sivan inform you? Can you bring me two handfuls of Venpongal daily?"

"As you say Swami" responded Panchanadam and added that he will bring Venpongal from the very next day. He stayed at the place till evening and reached his home at Thiruvaiyaru  by Parisal (boat). Getting up before sunrise the next morning, Panchanadam completed his bath, daily chores, Unjuvruthi(soliciting rice by charity) and prepared Venpongal. He crossed Kollidam with Venpongal and reached Sadguru's ashram at the right time. Sadguru took just two handfuls and asked Panchanadam to consume the balance. Panchanadam appeased his hunger, cleaned the spot under the Bilwa tree, stayed there till evening and returned to Thiruvaiyaru after getting permission of his guru. This way Panchanadam served his Sadguru sincerely with devotion for 15 months. After 15 months one day Theertha Narayanar called Panchanadam nearby and instructed him thus. 'Bhaktha! With this day my stay in this holy spot is getting over. I am going to resume wandering. 257th day from today I will be in 'Pushpa Vanam' aka Thiripunduruthi. That time you will be there!" Saying so Theertha Narayanar vanished miraculously from there.

We have no information on the places visited by Theertha Narayanar during his wandering. But we hear a few instances that happened in our region. In one such instance Theertha Narayanar came across a miserable leper in a village who mistook him for a doctor and requested him to cure his leprosy. Giving him an ear, the sadguru picked up a handful of sand and threw it on the leper. When the leper reacted angrily, he just did not find the saint there. At the same time, his eyes fell on his body and he froze in amazement!

In another instance a couple were cutting wood in forest when the husband was bitten by a snake and died. The wife was lamenting for a long time as there was no one even to help her carry her husband's body home. Our sadguru happened to be crossing that spot and she approached him in sheer desperation. 

Sadguru simply blessed the dead body with his right hand and the dead person woke up as if from sleep. Sadguru did not wait for being thanked by the couple and simply left the place in a hurried manner. He was wandering in that region for some time. This enabled a few persons to identify the Sadguru as the worker of this miracle.

In that region there lived a Brahmin by name Vaidyanatha Shastri whose skills as a medical practitioner made people think of him as another Danvanthiri. One day Shastri despatched his only young son along with four adolescents to a hill nearby to pluck medicinal herbs. When they reached the hill, they spotted a tiger. The four adolescents climbed on a tree leaving the young boy to be killed by the tiger. The parents of the young boy fainted on hearing this terrible news.

Among those who gathered there exchanged an idea, "if we can contact and request that saint, the boy may be brought back". When the parents regained consciousness, all of them went in search of the saint. Fortunately, the saint was found lying down under a tree. All of them fell at his feet and prayed.

The saint was quite for sometime and told the parents, "Go one mile southwards and call your son's name thrice and he will come". Blessing them so, the saint reached the top of the hill in a second. The parents who retrieved their son and others became exceedingly happy. Here you may have a doubt as to whether a person who was killed, eaten and digested by a tiger could ever be revived? Tiger is an illusion; the boy is also an illusion; the act of killing and eating too is an illusion, the body of the saint too is an illusion; BUT THE GREATNESS OR POWER OF THE THURAVI IS REAL! (Sir was a Thuravi) Let us end this now.

On completion of 256 days marked by him, Theertha Narayana reached Thiripunduruthi by his Yoga Marga. As he was walking along slightly westwards to the Pushpavaneswara temple, along the southern bank of Kudamururtti river a poor farmer by name Govindan was weeping bitterly in front of a dead goat. On seeing him the Sadguru called him by his name Govindan and asked him, "should you weep like this for the sake of a dead goat as if you have lost your son?". He replied, "Sir, I am an extremely poor person. I borrowed three rupees for interest and bought this she goat planning that she will give birth to more goats enabling me to earn a living. Now this goat has cheated me". Saying so he began to lament even more.

On hearing this the Sadguru told him, "Govinda, don't weep. Is it okay if I give you the cost of this goat? Will that make you happy?". On hearing this Govindan fell at his feet wondering who give will anything for a dead goat and replied politely, "Sir, if you do so I will buy another goat and earn a living." The Sadguru immediately picked up a pinch of sand, put it in his hands and instructed him to close his fist and open the same only on reaching home. He added, "Through this your poverty will be over."

When Govindan was so walking towards his house with a closed fist, he suddenly developed a doubt whether he was being cheated and opened his fist to check its contents. Since he violated the instructions of the Sadguru he only found what he owed to his creditor by way of principal and interest. Satisfied to an extent, she looked back at the Sadguru and was amazed to see his dead goat following him alive. Yes, the goat which was revived by the Sadguru looked taller, stronger and more beautiful. It offered its protestations to the Sadguru and followed him. Why, it even became as intelligent as a human being. Observing all this the mean Govindan thought, "What this saint will do with a goat? Let us take hold of it as we have also received the money." Thinking this way he ran towards the goat and caught its hind legs with greed.

Since the goat was an extraordinary being, it gave a powerful kick on the chest of Govindan and continued to follow the Sadguru. Falling back, Govindan lost consciousness for a while. It was some time before he regained his consciousness and ran through the weavers' street to seek the assistance of his friends.

At that time in the street a few boys belonging to the weaving community were playing with a few boys belonging to the Mudaliar community. Some other boys from the weaving community were watching them play to kill time. These wicked boys were adept in  black magic and earned a living with the help of a few Durdevathas. Did I not say Govindan was running through their street? These notorious boys interrupted Govindan and asked him what happened to him, why was he running and whom he was afraid of? Govindan gave them all the details and said that he is on his way to get people to retrieve the goat. On hearing this these mischievous boys retorted thus: "Govindan, you don't have to go anywhere. Before this evening we will ask the goat to come to you. So what if he is a saint? We won't allow any competition to our profession and ensure that the saint sits helplessly just by casting a glance at him. We will also prove that his magic will not affect us." Talking thus they arranged to fabricate a Paadai. (Something like a stretcher made out of coconut leaves to carry a dead body in Tamilnadu)

Some elderly boys from the Mudaliar sect hearing these harsh words responded with well meaning advice, "We should not insult respectable persons even in jest. We may invite trouble for us and our family by doing so.That saint may be a Mahan. Let us not test him". However this good advice invited only contempt from the wicked boys who retorted, "you Mudaliar lads. Are you trying to advise us? We are sparing you just because you are our friends. Otherwise we will paralyse your limbs. Be careful." On hearing these harsh words the Mudaliar boys who were aware of their nefarious activities were startled.

Finally, one of the Mudaliar boys was made to lie down on the Paadai, covered with cloth and a mock procession complete with fire pot was organised. When the procession reached Kattu Karai, they found the Sadguru with the goat towards the east of Apparswami temple. On seeing him, they laid the Paadai on ground and requested him tongue in cheek, "Swami, you revived a dead goat. This dead boy is the only son of his mother. Please revive him".

The Sadguru who was aware of their mischievous drama shot back. "The dead boy will remain dead only. He can come back only through another birth. There is no other go. Let the Durdevathas through whose support you trouble others go away from you". Saying thus the Sadguru hurried towards a huge mango tree on the banks of Kudamuruti river and sat down under it.

Receiving the words of the Sadguru derisively, the wicked boys gloated, "Hey, have you not seen the saint's power to revive the dead? He has revived a living person so well". They also called out to the Mudaliar boy who was made to lie down on the Paadai. "The saint has revived you. You need not lie down anymore. Just get up". However the boy on the Paadai did not respond. On checking it transpired that he was really dead! Struck by fear at this unexpected turn of events the boys from both castes reprimanded the wicked ones severely and told them with grief, "When we warned you against testing saints you indulged in bravado. Where is your pride now? How will you now make your living? Who will convince the parents of the boy whom you have killed unjustly?".

Finally when the parents of the dead boy were informed of the disaster, they fell down like uprooted trees. When they reached the mango tree with the body of the dead boy along with fellow citizens, they only found the goat there and not the saint. They waited till the next morning in vain to have Darshan of the saint and were constrained to conduct the funeral. However the mother who was determined to meet the saint went for her daily bath in the river via the mango tree. But she was only able to see the goat. But no one was aware of the fact that the Sadguru sat there without being seen by any human being. Thus many days passed by.

Let us know turn towards Panchanada Sastrigal. Though he was calculating the day of his visit to Thiripunduruthi from the beginning, he forgot about it in due course. This oblivion may have been caused by the Sadguru. However the incident that took place in Tirupanturuthi became the talk of the region and Panchanadam too came to know about it. Without losing any further time, he made Venpongal and went to the Sadguru at Thiripunduruthi. This time the Sadguru ate only one handful and passed on the balance to Panchanadam for relieving his hunger.

Ever since Panchanadam came to Thiripunduruthi, the Sadguru was giving visible Darshan to everyone. Now let us turn to the mother whose son died in the unfortunate incident involving the wicked weaver boys. She was going for her bath to the river everyday via the mango tree and sighted the Sadguru once. She immediately kept the water pot on her waist aside, fell at the Sadguru's feet and tearfully prayed thus. "Swami! I have lost my only son who did not listen to our well meaning advice and stuck to undesirable company as destined. You must bless me so that my family line is perpetated". The Sadguru dropped three pieces of turmeric in her palms and told her, "Don't worry. Take bath using these turmeric pieces. You will first give birth to a male child with matted locks. Bring him to me. You will have two more children who will perpetuate your family line". She accepted the words of Sadguru, prostrated to Him several times, picked up her water pot, went to her home and informed her husband. The overjoyed husband too came to the Sadguru and paid his respects.

Months passed by. A child with matted locks was born to the Mudaliar couple. The delighted parents carried out all functions such as purification, cradle and naming with enthusiasm. They also brought up the child in a healthy manner. However they were perturbed about their promise to the Sadguru to handover the child to Him on birth. They could not bear the thought of parting with their child and spent their days on the horns of a dilemma.

The Sadguru used to wander in the streets of the town once in a while and on such occasions the goat followed him into the town. On one such occasion, the goat unusually overlook the Sadguru, shook its head vigorously and let out a terrible bleat in front of the house it was standing. Hearing this frightening sound, the Mudaliar couple came out and froze on seeing the Sadguru there.

However they regained their senses in no time, fell at the feet of Sadguru, begged his pardon and submitted that they will hand over the child with matted locks to him immediately. Understanding their plight, the Sadguru ignored their mistake and requested them to abide by their words before proceeding. The sun dawned the next day. The parents bathed their child, covered it in a yellow piece of cloth and handed it over to the Sadguru. Then they circumambulated and prostrated to Him. They were duly blessed by the Sadguru as a result of which they had two more children and lived happily ever since.

If they had not handed over their first child to the Sadguru, He would not have claimed it. But if they had failed to fulfill their assurance, the first child would have died and the other two children too would not have been born. Now let us turn towards Panchanadam. While he was bringing Venpongal daily from Thiruvaiyaru, one day the Sadguru told him, "I don't require Venpongal anymore. You stay here with me". That was a Wednesday. Startled at this sudden instruction to stop bringing Venpongal, Panchanadam had a misgiving whether he had committed anything wrong. The next day was Thursday.

There was a Brahmin lady in that town who had dedicated her life to Pushpavaneswara  who had a daily routine of observing meditation, Japa etc in the temple before reaching her house in the noon to cook food.

On the Thursday (Guruvaram) mentioned above, she incidentally heard about the greatness of the Sadguru and yearned to see Him. However she was aware of the rule that when one visits saints who are alone, one must carry food for offering and accordingly rushed home to cook food after completing her routine at temple. What a divine miracle! She was flabbergasted to see that whatever items she had planned to cook were ready in vessels waiting to be taken. Knowing that this was the merciful and gracious act of Pushpavaneswara, she carried the food to the place of Sadguru after ascertaining His place. That is, she reached there exactly at the time at which Panchanada Shastrigal used to bring Venpongal.

On reaching the holy spot, she cleaned her hands and legs, placed the food in front of the Sadguru, prostated to Him and stood in front of Him requesting Him to accept the food. Sadguru looked at the lady and the food before asking her whether the food was cooked by Pushpavaneswara. The lady nodded her head. Though the Sadguru had overcome hunger and thirst, he took one handful and pushed the remnant to Shastrigal. The lady took leave of Sadguru after prostrating to Him and continued her food service every day. This food was used by Panchanada Shastrigal and the grown up Sadai Chami. (The child with matted locks)

Now let us turn towards the Sadai child. It was growing wonderfully under sky, shadow and winter. Sometimes the child used to keep its mouth open when the goat positioned itself appropriately to squirt milk into its mouth to the surprise of devotees who happened to be there. This child called 'Chidabaranathan' was called 'Sadai Chami' on reaching adolescence. 

Several years passed by. An erudite scholar who was living in Thiruvaiyaru undertook a pilgrimage from Kasi to Rameshwaram and visited assemblies of learned persons (Vidvat Sabhas) to get awards. Finally he wanted to visit the Chola Maharaja to get approval for his scholarship. One Thulajaji who was a king from Maharashtra  was ruling over the Chola kingdom at that time. However he was suffering from a mental torment.

His wife, the queen was suffering for the past three years from a terrible disease called Spodakam (a painful and debilitating swelling on the back). A variety of treatments consisting of different approaches (Mani, Mantram, Aushadam) were tried in vain. It was at this juncture that the above mentioned scholar reached his assembly. After listening to the submissions of the scholar about his various experiences, the king asked him whether he met any Mahan during his pilgrimage who had the power to destroy as well ato bless (Nigraanugraham). The pundit replied politely, "I could not meet any such Mahan. But I have heard of a saint in Thiripunduruthi who has performed divine, super human miracles." The king became extremely pleased on hearing this news, rewarded the pundit generously and asked his minister to arrange for a trip to Tirupanturuthi at once.

Next day early morning the king started his journey with his paraphernalia and reached Thiripunduruthi. He stationed those who accompanied him outside the town and reached the Ashram of Sadguru by foot with his minister. They prostated to the Sadguru and stood humbly on one side.  The Sadguru asked the king particularly, "Who are you? What brings you here?"  The king responded, "Swami, they call me king of this regime. I came to take your blessings. Though you have been so near for a long time, I have 

committed the offence of not knowing you. Kindly forgive me". Saying so they prostrated to the Sadguru once again. Theertha Narayanar instructed the king thus: "I know your entire history. Bring your wife here."

Both of them moved away, reached outside the town and brought the queen to the presence of the Sadguru with the help of four ladies. At once Theertha Narayanar blessed the queen with his right hand and Lo, the queen's affliction on her back disappeared without a trace and she looked much more beautiful and robust than she had been hitherto. She got up at once with excitement and went round the Sadguru sixteen times prostrated to Him too many a time. With folded hands she addressed the Sadguru thus:"Hey, Gurunatha! My body trembles thinking of the hardships I went through so far. Maharaja or pauper, a person can't escape his destined quota of adversities till the same is exhausted. However any problem can be solved by the intervention of Mahans like you. Oh! Embodiment of compassion! Kindly bless me and my husband so that both of us are devoted to your holy feet for the rest of our lives!". Thus prayed the queen and stood by the side of her husband with folded hands.

The king then circumambulated the Sadguru, folded his hands and prayed that he desired to be of some symbolic service to the Sadguru. Theertha Narayanar replied, "In this world there is nothing which is of any use to me. You rule over your regime as usual." The king prayed politely, "You should not say like that. Please order something."

"In that case you may donate the land equivalent to the area covered by this goat. That is enough." Saying so the Sadguru sent the king away for his food. At this time those who formed the retinue of the king had Darshan of the Sadguru. The exhilarated king returned and prostrated to the Sadguru prompting him to pat the goat. The goat immediately started running and stopped after covering an area of four Velis. Servants were already instructed to earmark the area covered by the goat by driving spikes on each of its hoof marks which they carried out faithfully.

The king approached the Sadguru and enquired with humble devotion in whose name the land should be registered. The Sadguru replied, "Give two Velis to this Panchanada Shastrigal and another two Velis to Sadai Chami." Hearing this both the devotees looked at each other as if they were keen to turn down the offer.

"I will do so" said the king and added, "there is nothing for Swami". The Sadguru ordained, "In that case, I propose to sit here in samadhi. Please arrange a suitable spot for the same".

Hearing this the king became happier and constructed a small temple near the ashram. He also dug a well (Koobam) on the Vayu side of the sanctum sanctorum for the purpose of Abhishekam and holy bath. Extremely happy at having completed this sacred service, the king once again approached the Sadguru and prayed, "What else this servant should do? "  At this juncture both Panchanada Shastrigal and Sadai Chami prostrated to their Guru and submitted that they had no liking for the lands registered in their names.

Of them Sadai Chami prayed, "It is enough if you instruct me to pluck flowers, grind sandal paste, light lamps for temple puja and also clean the temple." Shastrigal prayed that he may be instructed to do anything except accepting the lands. The Sadguru instructed the king to register the lands of Sadai Chami in the name of the temple. He also instructed Panchanadam Shastrigal thus, "Since you are going to perform the Adhishtana Puja as per scriptural rules, feed devotees and also going to look after Sadai Chami, you must keep the land registered in your name".

Then He addressed the king who was expecting his orders. "Oh King! I propose to sit in yoga samadhi during the forthcoming month of Masi, Shukla Paksham, Ashtami Thithi, Krithikaa Nakshatram, Guru Varam, 15th Nazhikai during daytime at Abhijith Muhurtham. On that day you may come for Darshan." Thus the Sadguru bade farewell to king and queen who took leave after prostrating to Him and returned to Tanjore. 

Later on, one day Theertha Narayanar instructed Panchanadam Shastrigal thus:"Hey, Panchanada! There are only a few months left for my samadhi. Hence prepare a pit in the sanctum sanctorum which should be three cubits deep and square in shape." Shastrigal took bath immediately and started the work chanting appropriate mantras. While he was digging so, he found one Spatika Lingam and a Narasimha Salagramam. He took them to the Sadguru with devotion and was asked to come back after completing his work. When Shastrigal came back after duly completing his job, the Sadguru made him sit and told him, "Hey, Panchanada! After my samadhi, worship both Murthis found in the holy sand according to rules of Puja Vidanam. Go and have another bath." After this he sanctified Panchanada Shastrigal by his intense look on him. That is he blessed him with Ashtamasiddhi.

At this juncture the Brahmin lady who brought food and came to know about Sadguru's samadhi fell at His feet and prayed with innocent devotion, "You should also bless and receive me." The Sadguru who became very happy at this request of that lady responded, "Don't worry. After my samadhi, you stay here and perform Naivedyam service for Murthi puja. I will bless you to attain that which your mind desires."

Next, Sadai Chami requested for Sadguru's blessings and was elevated to the level of a Sivanadiyar like Nayanmar. This Sadai Chami was the one who was strapped to a Paadai by the mischievous weaver caste boys many years ago and died by the words of the Sadguru. At that time the Sadguru had already indicated that he should be reborn in order to live again.

The day marked for the samadhi was approaching. Theertha Narayanar called Shastrigal and told him, "Panchanada! Gupta Sivan will be here. Place the rocks made by the king at the appropriate position. As soon as I sit in samadhi, you and Gupta Sivan close the pit with those rocks. Then you may conduct the Puja Vidanas wished by you as per scriptural rules."

The king reached the ashram of Sadguru two days in advance. He along with his queen and ministers did Pradakshina Namaskaram to the Sadguru and were mostly in His presence. In the meanwhile Gupta Sivan who had a dream about the samadhi of his Guru reached there a day ahead. He prostrated to his Guru and involved himself in the sacred services that lay ahead. No one slept that night. The next day:-

The Sadguru who was not involved in any activity was pacing with abandon. At that moment, the goat came in front of him and roared. It stood in front of Him as if wanting to know what He had in store for it. It went round the Guru three times and prostrated to him many times by keeping its head on its forelegs many a time. Further it also rubbed its head vigorously on the feet of Guru. Anticipating this strange act, Theertha Narayanar ran his hands over the goat with a big smile and said, "In that case you will remain here forever taking my Darshan". At that moment the goat took the form of a bull and sat as a statue facing the sanctum sanctorum.

Those who witnessed and heard of this miracle kept shouting, "Ajarajavukku Jai. Sadguru swmikku Jai." (Hail the king of goats; hail the sadguru swami).  Everyone such as the king's family, Brahmins and other great persons were waiting for the moment with hands folded in supplication. The sun ascended to its zenith.

At that moment Theertha Narayanar stood inside the square shaped pit. To his right Panchanada Shastrigal stood with folded hands and to his left stood Gupta Sivan in the same posture. Then Theertha Narayanar folded his hands and sat in the pit meditating on the Para Bramham, "the master of the entire creation, omnipresent and the originator of those like Bramha, Vishnu and Sivan". A few seconds passed. Panchanada Shastrigal and Gupta Sivan closed the pit with rocks. Abhishekam, Puja and Naivedyam were performed as per rules. The king's family prostrated to the samadhi and returned to Tanjore with Prasadam. Food and Prasadam were given to all respected visitors.

Thiripunduruthi is located in the road that connects Kandiyur near Thiruvaiyaru with Thirukkattupalli. Beyond this lies the village of Varahur. Now I want to give you an explanation. Theertha Narayanar about whom we read so far, had risen above the level of Mahan and attained Athmic power. In the same book, I had described the life of Narayana Theerthar in the preceding pages who was a Mahan who composed Krishna's Leelas as a child in the name of 'Krishna Leela Tharagini'. A Daiva Sadhu by name Sadguru Swamigal, collected the compositions of a few Mahans, edited them as Bajanai Pathathi (Sampradaya Bajanai Keerthanas) which helped devotees to gain knowledge of the life of those Mahans. As far as Narayana Theertha was concerned, his history was garnered from Andhra and Varagur situated a little away from Thiripunduruthi. The lives of a few Mahans were also available from Samasthanas.

Narayana Theertha who lived an itinerant life settled down in Varagur after he was blessed by Lord Venkateswara. In about 300 years, his place of samadhi was forgotten even by those who lived in his time. Yes! He attained samadhi only in Varagur. It is a mistake to think that he attained samadhi in Thiripunduruthi. This mistake is due to the following reasons.

1. From last century the name of Narayana Theertha's divine  popularity started increasing among the devotees due to Bajanai Pathathi.  2. The names Narayana Theertha and Theertha Narayana sound deceptively similar. 3. People are not aware that the two are different. 4. In Thiripunduruthi the samadhi of Theertha Narayanar existed already. Due to these reasons persons belonging to the to the later period mistook Theertha Narayanar's samadhi for Narayana Theertha's samadhi and confirmed this mistaken notion.

Most importantly, the readers should know that there is absolutely no reason for the presence of a Nandi (bull) in the samadhi of Narayana Theertha who was blessed by Venkateswara and Krishna. Further, if Theertha Narayanar too had composed divine compositions He would have also figured in Bajanai Pathathi and his Aradhana would also have been celebrated at the relevant place. But since Theertha Narayanar functioned as a 'Thannayum Thuranda Thuravi' the question of any divine compositions did not arise. He did not compose divine Keerthanas even before attaining the level of Thuravi.

As a rule, the samadhis of many Mahans who lived in the distant past have either disappeared or have been forgotten. 


Our Soul (Namadu Athma)

'Dream' in general is reflective of our thoughts. Whatever incidents we have seen or heard of may become the subject matter of our dreams albeit with slight changes. We may perceive in several ways day to day happenings in dream. We may meet those who have appeared in our dreams or may get news from them in real life. Deities may appear in our dream. But they will not mitigate our hardships and loss as destined. We behold even dead people in our dream but they don't come back in real life.

In dream we may function as Kuberas or as abjectly poor. But we may not necessarily encounter such situations in real life. We may see ourselves flying. But in real life, we can't even walk an inch higher above earth. So we should not determine the fallout of dream according to our whims and fancies. However in Swapna Shastram, it has been laid down that by beholding such and such scenario/living beings/objects in dream we may have to experience certain good/bad worldly consequences. In general if the dream is a cheerful one, it will produce good effects and vice versa.

We not only behold but also experience a lot of strange phenomena in dream. It so happens that we take some other forms which are not human. A friend who appears in our dream suddenly changes into another friend or some animal. We stuff a lot of gold coins into our pocket but do not find a penny on waking up. Though we feel that we are coming from a place few miles away from bed, we find ourselves only in the bed on waking up.

We behold a lot of incidents in dream which may produce happiness, enthusiasm, fear, grief etc. The fact that a lady talks to us freely in the dream does not give us courage to approach her in real life. The reason is that, "dream is a wonderful lie". However we are not able to get rid of the feeling that there functions a great, mysterious power within us which we are at a loss to comprehend. This power is called 'Athma'.

The power of this Athma was known to Brahmins (Daiva Viveki ) of yore and to some extent by the Brahmins of historic age. From this you should not conclude that they had Athmic power. Only those belonging to the last stage of Thuravi who have risen above body consciousness have Athmic power. But deities had the power to remove the Jivathma from the bodies of Daiva Vivekis and send them on a celestial journey to decipher divine mysteries about the universe.

Such Jivathmas of Daiva Vivekis journeyed through many worlds, met Gods, witnessed the rewards and punishments imposed on  human beings after their death, state of  human beings in between births, the reasons for being born as other living beings, numerous secrets  contained in various divine creations and finally grasped the one single cause for all these phenomena known as Kadavul or Para  Brahmam before returning to their respective bodies. (This is different from "Kudu vittu Kudu paivadu" which means shifting one's soul into another dead body on earth to achieve some short term purpose) It can be said that they experienced all the phenomena they have read about in scriptures. It is said that during this ethereal journey, they enjoyed a bliss like Perinbam. But Perinbam is only for Thuravis who raise above body consciousness. (Sri Sivan Sir belonged to this category).

This ethereal journey (Jivathma Sancharam) which was experienced by Brahmins world over though lost its quality graduallyil, to my knowledge, Egyptians, Mayas of America, Babylonians and Britains somewhat enjoyed this power till as recent as 4th century B.C. Such Jivathma Sancharam by Brahmins and "Darshan of Gods" by relatively inferior men were referred to as Mystery by contemporary Europeans. Listen to the words of a European intellect who investigated the spiritual greatness of Egyptians.

Something of mystery, something of the occult clings to the Egyptian, however we may try to dispel the illusion. The power the residents of contemporary Egypt had over the old Greek. They work a spell upon the mind of whoever contemplates them, which no reasoning can quite exorcise. We know and we believe that these were ordinary mortals like ourselves; and yet, In spite of this knowledge we feel that there was something quite different about them. And this superstitious feeling perhaps lies at the foundation of the mysterious charm that the Egyptians have exercised upon all succeeding generations.

Yes! Philosophers such as Plato, Pythagoras, Socrates Herodotus waited at the feet of Egyptian Brahmins for Athma Sancharam. The Brahmins too took the permission of Gods, treated the philosophers as children and helped them in experiencing a commensurate Jivathma Sancharam according to their spiritual merit. Following are the words of a Syrian Brahmin of hoary past.

"The essence and perfection of all good are comprehended in the gods, and the first and ancient power of them is with us priests.  A knowledge of the gods is accompanied with a conversion to and knowledge of ourselves.  I say therefore that the more divine part of man, which was formerly united to the gods by being aware of their existence afterwards entered into another state and became fettered with the bonds of  necessity and fate.  Hence it is requisite to consider how he may be loosed from these bonds.  There is therefore,  no other dissolution of them than the knowledge of the gods. This is the aim of the priestly lifting of the soul to divinity."

Mysticism is a divine causation revealed by the deities to the sacerdotal caste (brahmins)  of the various countries of the ancient world.  A mystic is one who had been initiated into the esoteric knowledge of divine things.  It is beyond human comprehension as the decreees of the gods.  It has associated with it some hidden or recondite meaning especially of a religious kind-certain religious rites to which only specially selected worshippers and spiritually enlightened mind were admitted after initiation and vows of secrecy had been imposed..

By the way, we have come to know that there is a power called Athma. It is said that this entire universe is permeated by Athma. Hence in each Jiva, there is Jivathma. Dream and the scenes therein are created by Gods. Our Jivathma assumes a new body and takes us through dream experience. That is, we know for sure that our physical body does not travel in dream. But we can't help feeling that we undergo the dream experience only with our physical body at that moment.

Moreover even if we desire to have sweet dreams before falling asleep, we are unable to achieve it. But the Siranda Vivekis and Daiva Vivekis of the past got solutions for their problems through dreams. In general there is no worldly problem for Daiva Sadhus or Mahans. However Sri Rama resolved the problem of Thyagaraja Swamigal through a dream.

When Thyagaraja Swamigal was functioning as a Daiva Sadhu, his brother threw into the Kaveri river, the idols that were worshiped by Swamigal. A few days later Sri Rama appeared in the dream of Swamigal, informed him about the place where the idols were resting and gave him peace of mind. Why, sometimes Bhagavan brings about the miracle of materialising objects that were given in a dream.

Did not Manikavachagar who was a Daiva Sadhu see the manickam (a precious stone) which was given to him in a dream by Siva? Did not Pattinathar who was a Mahan carry till Thiruvotriyur, the Paikarumbu (a type of bamboo) which was given to him by Mahalingam in dream? Hence Bhagavan will bless those who are in somewhat exalted spiritual state in various ways. However the Thuravis who have reached the pinnacle of spiritual ladder does not need any help from Gods. Have they not conquered Athma? They have the power to create a dream world in waking state. I had spelt out their greatness elsewhere.

During times of divine culture, Gods used to resolve important national problems by bestowing dream on concerned persons. Besides, the other species are taught on birth whatever is necessary for them to learn by Bhagavan through dream. We call this 'instinct'.

Leaving these aside, no one is unaware of the fact that our dream existence as well as the incidents therein are just a "false appearance".
In other words we have to consider dream as an illusion or Maya. Similarly Vedanta regards our universe and worldly life as a lengthy dream. However we are unable to think of world as illusion or Maya. Athma which is the basis for both dream and universe is all powerful. Only That is real, immanent (Thanmayam) and pure.

Words such as Anu, Paramporul, Bramham, Kadavul only refer to Athma. There is something else called Jeevan. This Jeevan is illusion. Jeevan goes through good, bad, happiness and misery. There is no living being in which Athma and Jeevan don't combine. Hence whatever is born on the earth is Jeevathma. When the illusion called Jeevan approaches Athma, It conceives a form. On expiry of life span, the Jeevathma leaves the body, experiences good or bad according to its deeds and finally gets another body. That is, only Jeevan and not Athma, faces the consequences of our acts of sin or virtue.

Besides you must know, that Jeevathma on death can move about without a body and Athma gives Jeevan a body as and when required. Even when the Jeevan is without a body, it can experience hunger, thirst, happiness, misery, memory and such other feelings. From this brief explanation, you might have somewhat understood that death does not put an end to existence and Jeevan functions continuously.

Jeevan is ignorance or Agnanam. It can also be called Maya. As long as we remain ignorant, we will be subject to attachment and misery. Those from the level of Mutrina Viveki (Practical Philosopher) to Mahan have rid themselves of a little bit of ignorance. That is they have conquered attachment, grief and worldly joy. However they are subject to body consciousness and are eager to experience the truth that world is an illusion. Thuravis who have risen above body consciousness (not those who are just detached from the world or Mutrina Viveki) have wiped out Agnanam or ignorance completely and attained Athmic power. That is they have conquered Athma and experience everything around including their body as Maya or illusion. (Sri Sir was functioning at this level!)

Therefore, only when one gets rid of the ignorance called Jeevan completely and functions purely in Athma, only then he can experience the Paramporul called Kadavul (not Gods) and merge with it. That is he can become Thuravi and thereafter Gnani.

By the way, Socrates (469-399) who has analysed both Athma and happiness has revealed that both have virtue alone as their base. 'Virtue is knowledge', is his blessed revelation. He has confirmed that to be detached from money, family etc is virtue or wisdom. According to Socrates when a person attains to this state conductive for liberation (Mutrina Viveki), Gods promote him to higher spiritual states such as Perinbam which is the highest Athmic state.

As far as I know, among the western philosophers both Socrates and Pyrro were practical philosophers (Mutrina Vivekis) and both taught philosophy without touching a pen. To this list we can add Sri Ramana of Thiruvannamalai and the 68th pontiff of Kanchi Shankara Mutt, Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi Swamigal, both of 20th century.

Pyrroh - The founder of the pyrrohnists or other sceptics school of Philosolphy was a native of Elis  He flourished 304 B.C. and died at the age of 90.  He left no writings behind him.  His system 'Pyrrohnism'  was first presented in a written form by Timon, his disciple.  His main tenets were that the end of philosophy was practical - it ought to lead to happiness;  but to live happily, things, and their relation to us, must be known;  but according to Pyrroh, all things are indifferent as to truth or falsehood, no certainty can be attained by our senses or mental faculties, and to every position a contrary may be advanced; and the true relation of the philosopher, the happy man, to things, consists in the entire suspension of judgement and the withholding of every positive assertion.

In these lines, since there is no english equivalent for the word Gnani, the author has used phrases such as 'the philosopher, the happy man' etc. In general Englishmen describe Gnani, Mahan, Vedanthi etc as Philosophers.

Among the two Socrates has explained the preparatory route to bliss through Athma whereas Pyrroh has interpreted the state of such bliss. Though I have given here Pyrroh's doctrine rather briefly, it has descended from Upanishads by hearsay. That is, it has originated from time immemorial when Maharishis lived throughout the world.

Moreover, we should not remain in total ignorance of a philosopher by name Pythagoras. Unlike the useless, sheer lip philosophical associations of the present times (under the garb of schools of philosophy), Pythagoras was one of the important persons who established a meaningful association where one could understand the greatness of Athma, pick up a few secrets of the universe and go through necessary training to become a Mutrina Viveki. This association had the blessings of Gods and only matured persons were enrolled as students. The branches of this association which survived hereditarily till BC, lost its sheen gradually.

Pythagoras - A famous early philosopher born about 540 B.C. was a native of Samos.  After being well educated in poetry, music, eloquence and astronomy, he proceeded abroad, and is said to have travelled not merely in Egypt but far in the East; returning to Greece, he received great honours at the Olympic games where he was saluted as 'wise man', but he declined the appellation and assumed in preference that of 'friend of wisdom.'  After visiting the various states of Greece, he withdrew to southern Italy and settled at Crotona, where he founded a  fraternity of 300 members bound by vows to conform to the religious theories and ascetic life of Pythagoras and devote themselves to the study of his religious and philosophical theories.

All that is known of their ethics refers to their canon of life, which like the ORPHIC (both of them supposed by Herodutus to be chiefly derived from Egypt), was distinguished by a multiplicity of abstinences, disgusts, antipathies, in respect to food an other physical circumstances of life elevated into rules of the most imperative force and necessity. Connected with this asceticism were their doctrines respecting the transmigration of the soul, their view of the body as the soul's prison, their opposition to suicide etc.  while he was not of an age, Phythagoras is said to have fled to Metapontum in Greece and there starved himself to death thus gaining a higher plane of life. 

Since Bhagavan has granted us the dream experience, we are able to comprehend a superior force called Athma (Kadavul) at least by inference. Only if majority of us who worship God remained virtuous as well, we could have extended the presence of Gods with proof.

Besides Mutrina Vivekis (practical philosophers) or Daiva Vivekis (pristine Brahmins) of the past did not struggle for Athmic power. They were well aware that till they attained a birth in which they could experience the world as Maya, it is not possible for them to assimilate the greatness of Athma. Why, even Mahans don't focus on Athmikam. Hence, there are no universities to confer the Athmic experience on you.

However these days when we rarely find a genuine philosopher, sheer Pamarans (ignorant persons) desire to attain some form of Athmic power and rummage through philosophical books. A few try Bhagavad Gita, Upanishads and Mantra Shastras. When they thus take recourse to various high sounding philosophical books, they only get more confounded without arriving at a satisfactory solution in pursuant of their objective.

In general books on philosophy tell the reader to surrender to God, give up attachments, know the self (who am I), experience the world as Maya, adopt yoga in day to day life. They however can't clarify these abstract concepts to the reader in the same they but a ticket and walk through an exhibition.

However many of them choose the term 'yoga', go through the yoga of breath control, imagine that they are raising their power of Kundalini. Result? They remain as ordinary as other human beings and are not even in a position to dispel their bodily problems or hardships that afflict them. These persons can't remain without water in summer even for a day. (I have never seen Sir drinking plain water during the ten years I had seen Him. He took bath only a few times in a year and will wear a woolen sweater during April/May in Chennai! There was no bad odour about him). Besides, they are not even able to fulfill their mundane objectives.

Besides, when the contemporary persons who don't enjoy good health take ferociously to breath control, they may become insane, suffer paralysis and such other bodily disorders. Moreover, only when a person reaches the level of Mutrina Viveki, a few invisible nerves (Nadis) become ripe enough to aid yoga. But even Daiva Sadhus can't adopt yoga. Only Mahans adopt yoga unconsciously. This should be construed as being preparatory for Athmikam.

Apart from this, there are things such as Hathayoga, Yogasana etc which can be practised by even Pamarans. Don't confuse this with spiritual bliss (Athmikam) or even divinity (Daivikam). If Pamarans learn Yogasana their thirst and hunger will go up. These persons can avoid a few bodily disorders. One should not indulge in Yogasana continuously for a long time. Nerves of such persons will deteriorate and they will be regretfully dependent on others during their advanced years. Hence those who want to take to Yogasana should approach qualified teachers and should abide by their advice.

By the way, people in the past who practised breath control and Pranayamam legitimately used it for divine meditation and was able to attain wonderful health and proportionate mental elevation.

But Kundalini yoga which is explained in our scriptures is entirely different. This yoga is adopted by Thuravis (Thannayum Thuranda Thuravi or hermits who have risen above body consciousness) without any conscious attempt. Those who make a show of their raising Kundalini can't travel from Chidambaram to Chicago at will. Neither can they come out of locked rooms. Hence no one except a Thuravi can lay claim on Kundalini. Athmic power and Kundalini power are one and the same.

In general, books on philosophy are meant for philosophers and not for Pamarans. That is, they are meant for Siranda Vivekis to elevate themselves as Mutrina Vivekis, sublimate one's Chitham and for those interested in Sanyasa to prepare themselves. Mahans who are attached to Gods have no need for these books on philosophy. Practical philosophers who follow what they read are helped by Gods to understand the principle of 'unity' besides going up the ladder of spiritual evolution.

Nowadays, modern lip philosophers, advertise themselves as yogi with an eye on amassing wealth and gaining power. Where is the question of a genuine yogi going after position, wealth and popularity? Are yogis not beyond desires? So modern yogis should direct their efforts towards becoming good among Pamarans and should stop projecting themselves as Gnaanis who have conquered birth which is a heinous sin.