Yenippadigalil Maanthargal - YPM

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Sadasiva Bramham

In this Kaliyuga, many Gnaanis might have appeared without our knowledge. But as far as I know there are only three who have reached the final stage of spiritual bliss (Gnaanam) viz, Abiram, Manikavachagar and Sadasiva Brahmam. The ancestors of Sadasivan lived in Madurai. His father, Soma Sundara Avadani, who was working towards proficiency in vedic scriptures reached Thiruvisainallur to improve his knowledge in philosophical enquiry as the place brimmed with teachers of repute in the subject.

 According to the customs of Brahmins Sadasivan was invested with the sacred thread (Poonal) when he was five. As soon as he completed his studies of Vedas and scriptures, his parents got him married. Within a few years his wife attained puberty. The girl's parents called on Avadani to covey this news. Avadani arranged a feast for them. Sadasivan became hungry when his food got delayed and he asked his mother Parvathi Ammal, "Why so much time? I am hungry!". His mother responded in jest, "Sadasiva, your wife is going to come to our home. It is for that this feast is being organised".

 "If there is so much delay when the wife is about to come, what will happen ater she comes", said Sadasivan to his mother coolly before falling into deep contemplation. The mind of Sadasivan which was inclined naturally to discrimination and sublimation, shrunk from worldly life. Like Pattinathar, the Vedanthi quit his home without telling anyone. For a few years his whereabouts were unknown. He took Sanyasa from a great saint (a ripe Sanyasi). For some time he was engaged in wandering before reaching Thiruvenkadu near Sirkazhi.

After having Darshan of Swetharanya who was the presiding deity and Aghora Moorthy who was the special deity of the kshetra, he desired to see Paramasivendral who was a Yathi (Sanyasi). He already had information that there was a Mahan by name Paramasivendral living there. (Parama Sivendra Saraswathi was one of the descendants of Kanchee Kamakoti Peetam 1539-1586) When he saw Paramasivendra Swamigal, he had a strong desire to adopt him as his spiritual guru. When the Vedanthi expressed his desire to Paramasivendral, he neither accepted it nor rejected it since he had no desire of anyone elevating him to the status of a Guru.

Sadasivan who was an adept in scriptures shone beyond compare in them after coming to his Guru. In this Kali, Sadasiva Bramham and Sri Shankara can be described as the "mounts of sublime arts". Important works authored by him such as 'Bramhasuthra Vrithi', 'Yogasuthra Vrithi', 'Siddhantha Kalpavalli' etc are incomparably great. He was both farsighted and hind sighted.

Sanyasis who have heard of the greatness of Sri Paramasivendral used to come for his Darshan. A few learnt lessons in his presence. Hence it can be said that his Ashram was adorned by the presence of pundits, Sanyasis and philosophers. In such gatherings  debates naturally happened which gracefully brought out the talent and scholarship of the participants.  The ashram of Paramasivendral was no exception. As far as our Vedanthi (Sadasivan) was concerned  he participated not so much as to exhibit his knowledge but did not spare those who participated with a clear intention to win. He engaged such competitive pundits in fierce debate till they conceded defeat. Though such scriptural debates and competition among scholars were common in those times, they helped evolution of arts and sublimation of culture of countries. Further, they also helped in maintenance of culture based on scriptures.

However those functioning at an exalted state may not be interested in such debates. As far as Paramasivendral was concerned though he was not interested in such debates, he did not want to offend those who participated in them in his presence by speaking his mind out and  adopted an indifferent stance towards such activities in his ashram. One day a pundit who was vanquished by Sadasivan in a debate went to Paramasivendral and complained to him about Sadasivan. Paramasivendral gave an appropriate explanation to the aggrieved pundit called the Vedanthi after some time and spoke his mind out to him thus , "Sadasiva, what avail are these debates of? When are you going to conquer your tongue? "

The Vedanthi who understood fully the import of his Guru's words responded with humble devotion "Hey Guro! Only today I have received your grace".

That is all! From that second till he shed his mortal coil, there was silence. Sadasivar who gave up family attachment then renounced literary attachment too now. We may add, that he gave up his attachment to aversion! He left his Guru's ashram and wandered where his legs took him. He sat down in a few places and lay down in yet another places. He again took to wandering.. This way, he was roaming about in the locality with total abandon. However his mind simply was empty.

Those who saw him decided that he has become insane. Some other persons reported the matter to his Guru Paramasivendral. But the Guru who knew Sadasivan's mindset felt bad that such insanity did not overcome him! Only because of this reason, the Guru pulled up Sadasivan mildly.

In other words, it can be said that this exhortation of his Guru became a blessing to Sadasivan. As far as Paramasivendral was concerned, he became a Mahan rooted in Siva conscience from the moment Sadasivan left him. After Paramasivendral passed away, a Sanyasi who was serving him was asked to ascend Kamakoti Peetam by the local heads. Till date Vaidhika Puja and Abhishekam are being conducted in the tiny temple in which Paramasivendral's Adhishtanam is housed.

When he was thus wandering in absolute silence he started sitting in Nishtai. One day when he was sitting in a field in Nishtai resting on its mound a trespasser commented, "Should a renunciate enjoy the comfort of leaning? " Taking it as advice, Sadasivar, lay down on the floor and continued Nishtai. "Why should you be so sensitive"? quipped the trespasser. Taking it as a more meaningful advice to mean that those who have renounced the world need not bother about what others think about them, he used it also as a crutch.

For a couple of years after he renounced the world, he used to beg food and then only accept food that is offered voluntarily. Sadasivar has completed the stages of Pazhutha Viveki, Daiva Sadhu, Mahan and Thuravi in his previous births. Hence his growth in Nishtai became stronger in due course and both feelings of thirst and hunger started disappearing. For a few years he took up residence in the villages on the banks of wide Kaveri and used to wander in nearby hillocks and forests.

The villagers who lived on the banks of Kaveri recognized his greatness, addressed him "Sami" "Mahan" and showed courtesy to him. Though indifferent to gestures of courtesy, Sadasivar used to be with children. Around this time, he must have reached the level of Thuravi.

Once when he reached Mahadanapuram, children surrounded him as usual. He used to offer them eatables. At that time Avani Moola uthsavam was happening in Madurai. Thuravi wanted to entertain the kids. He signalled them to close their eyes. The children realise with a sense of wonder that Sami Mama has brought them to some town. They saw a festive gathering there and automatically knew that they were Madurai. Sami Mama signalled them to sit in the same place and went somewhere. He came back with some eatables and Puttu and asked them to eat. Simultaneously the children witnessed the Thiruvula Katchi (Adorned idols of God/Godess moving about in a chariot pulled by devotees) and spoke to each other with sheer enthusiasm. Within a short time he brought them back to Mahadanapuram after making them close their eyes. This miracle was customarily discussed by the people of that locality for a few generations.

Similar to the incident that happened to the children, a young Vaishnavite was fortunate enough to be transported to Sri Rangam and have Darshan of Perumal. He also received the blessings of Thuravi and rose to the level of Pazhutha Viveki rooted in Advaitham.

No one is going to bother about a Thuravi who may look worse than a nomad. But those who know them will not go past them without bowing to them, though they may not try to speak to them. Though most of the people belonging to Trichy have heard of our Thuravi, it is unlikely that they may have an idea of his identity. Moreover, shall we pay obeisance to all nomads treating them as Thuravis? In other words, granting that we come across a genuine Thuravi, how can we understand his greatness as an extraordinary person, unless we see some miracle performed by him at that time?

At this juncture I am not able to proceed without quoting Paul on the salient features of Gnanis or enlightened persons.

Before we read Paul's quotation on Gnaanis it is essential that we must know some details about him. He was an expert in scriptures of divine religion. I am giving below some information on Paul and Christianity as given by H.G.Wells and a few Christian scholars. This Jew (Gentile - i.e. a Jew, but not a denouncer of the gods) was an accredited Roman citizen. He lived in Rome and has not even seen Jesus. He neither knew Jesus. But a lot of importance has been accorded to him in Bible. It is given in the Bible that Paul was imprisoned because he preached Christianity and the prison doors opened automatically. Gibbon has condemned this severely. Christianity did not exist as a religion during the period of Nero. Only in the regime of Trajan a few people who adopted novel principles started appearing in Rome.

Those who edited Bible, have shown Paul as a disciple of Jesus and he has been preaching Christianity and propagating Epistles. Epistles - one of the canonical of the N.T. (New Testament). In the English version it bears the title 'the Epistle of Paul' the Apostle to the Hebrews, but can hardly have been written by St. Paul since it differs radically in the language, style and thought from the other  Pauline writings. The use made of the O.T. by the writer suggests that his purpose was to save his readers from a relapse into Judaism. It would seem to have been written towards the end of the first century A.D., Similarly the Gospel of John is an attempt to justify Christianity and the Biblical career of the Jesus as facts. Scholars of the most advanced school hold that it was composed by a Christian, possibly connected with Alexandria or Ephesus about A.D. 140.

Even when an omnipotent person or God descends to earth, He doesn't go about resolving the problems of each and everyone on the earth. This is a just principle. But they perform a few miracles at will with an intention of demonstrating the "spiritual power" (Athmika Shakthi) to the world at large before vanishing on their own. THEY ARE NOT THOSE WHO ADVERTISE THEIR POWERS. ALSO THEY DON'T GIVE A DEMONSTRATION OF THEIR MIRACULOUS POWERS IN FRONT OF AN ORGANISED CROWD.

Let us now turn towards Paul. In this book I have written about Sanyasis called Bogomiles. They only followed the rules of Sanyasa as enunciated by Paul in his book. Paul excelled among his contemporary philosophers. Now I will give below the salient features of Gnani as elucidated by him.

"One who has stopped taking food and drink; one who focuses on the purity of his soul rather than of his garments; one whose body is dusty from avoidance of bath which is an activity to maintain one's body; one who is immersed in Brahma conscience". Such a person has been described as a Gnani and the tiny insects on his person has been equated to the precious stones of God. 

By the way, when our Thuravi was sitting on the sands of Kaveri, there was a flash flood which drowned Him completely. Those who witnessed the incident described it as some Samiyar being washed away by water. The waters receded after many months. At the bank of river Kodimudi, a cart man laid his shovel to collect sand. The shovel hit some object lightly. He cautiously withdrew his shovel and was flabbergasted to observe blood at its tip. He shouted for help and with the assistance of those who came, he dug the sand and found our Thuravi whom he removed to safety. The Thuravi got up and moved away on his own. Those who witnessed this wonder spoke of the person as a great Mahan. The Thuravi now became a Gnani. He emerged naked from the sands which became permanent thereafter. After he became a Gnani, he might have travelled to any corner of the universe at will. But there is no chance for such things to reach our ears. We only hear about a few incidents that happened in our country.

One day when he was travelling in the forests on the bank of Tamraparani river, piles and piles of firewood was being taken to the army of the local head (Palyayapattu Thalaivan). A worker from palace who was a part of this activity, sighted this naked saint, gave him a piece of cloth and loaded a bundle of firewood on his head. The Gnani could have revealed his greatness to him in many ways. But he chose to do it with some humour. He carried the bundle for a few miles, reached the destination and put down the bundle on the other bundles gathered there already with a thud. Lo, the entire quantity of firewood caught fire! Those who witnessed this miracle knew that the perpetrator was a Mahan and developed a great sense of fear on that count. Some fell at the Samiyar's feet and begged for forgiveness. The entire pile of firewood was reduced to ashes in a split second. However the saint blessed for double the quantity which appeared there instantly surprising the onlookers completely.

Apart from this, we hear about revival of a dead woman and curing of a leper. But we don't have their details.

A statue of "Shakthi" (Ambal) which was consecrated by some immaculate men a few centuries before was lying unnoticed in a bush near Tanjore. This Ambal who was very powerful thought it fit to bless all persons out of sheer compassion. Hence she appeared in   dream of the Tanjore king in the form of our Gnani, informed him the place where her statue was lying unnoticed, ordered it to be consecrated in the same spot and a temple built around it. The king took the order in all seriousness and executed the same.

In tune with the wishes of Ambal, Gnani gave power to the statue from his abode and also gave Darshan to the king in response to his prayers. Till date, this Ambal is seated in a small town by name 'Punnai Nallur ' aka 'Mariamman Kovil' and was a boon granter till the recent past.

Besides, if a man who has super human powers and doesn't worship Gods or idols, such a person is labelled as a Muslim by Muslims as a matter of principle. That is, such a person is supposed to be following the iconoclastic tenets enshrined in the Koran. Moreover, according to the dictates of Koran (Sura 9 - Verse 5) those who worship Gods and idols must either be converted to Islam or must be murdered in case they resist conversion. In India Muslims who are not aware of such draconian laws of Islam have been living. Two such Muslims heard about the reputation of our Gnani thought of him as incarnation of Nabi and accordingly pined for his Darshan.

At this time Gnani was showing up occasionally in Tanjore region. Whenever they heard of reports of a naked saint being seen in the vicinity, they used to run to the spot and check it out. Finally it so happened that they met up with Gnani. They bowed down to the Gnani as if he was Allah. Rewarded for a great act of virtue committed by them in their previous birth, they were granted the vision of Gnani and were raised to the level of Pazhutha Vivekis from that of Pamarans. As soon as they got the blessing of the Gnani, they got detached from all worldly bondages. That is they renounced everything except hunger, thirst, sleep and dress. They sat at a place meditating on Gnani. Witnessing their power of renunciation people from all religions praised them and a few had their Darshan too. When they died, samadhis were constructed for them on the spot. In Tanjore, the samadhis exist till date and are called 'Rettai Masthan'.

At this juncture a doubt may arise in you as to how can persons of other religions be blessed by a Hindu Gnani?

If a particular deed of sin is committed by a Christian or Muslim or Hindu (divine religion), they face the same consequences in hell as well as in their next birth on earth. Hence the readers must know that there is neither harsher punishment for persons of other religions nor any concession for Hindus.

Similarly there is no difference in rewards for virtuous deeds. Moreover, a person born as a Hindu may be born in other religions in subsequent births and vice versa. Till one person attains the level of Mutrina Viveki, he may be born in different religions in turn. Though many in the world may have declared themselves as persons belonging to different religions, Gods are the masters of the entire universe and human race. Hence Gods don't discriminate on the basis of religion. Hence a Thuravi or Gnani may spiritually raise a person belonging to any religion up to a certain level. But since pure divine religion is on the point of extinction, no one can raise to divinity in future.

Let us turn towards Sadasiva Gnani about whom we were discussing. Hearing about his greatness, the heart of Pudukottai king, Vijayaraghunada Thondaiman's was yearning for the Darshan of Gnani. He was regretting the fact that Gnaanis have no permanent residence and where to find him. One day early morning he had a dream in which he had Darshan of Gnani. That is all. He sat on his horse and went in search of him into the forest area. Lo, the compassionate Gnani too came forward to give him Darshan in real life. The king fell at the feet of Gnani like an uprooted tree.

The Gnani not only blessed the king, but in response to his request also suggested to him to appoint one Gopala Krishna Shrouthigal, a man of wisdom, as his minister by writing his name on earth. The king collected the sand on which Gnani wrote, with devotion, prostrated to him and took leave of him. He reached the palace and offered regular puja and Aradhana to the sacred sand. Till the British regime came to an end, on all special days, the first priority was accorded only to that holy sand.

As opined by Plato, it is said that Vijayaraghunada Thondaiman ruled over a virtuous regime in a rather facile manner. That is, as a result of the wise guidance of Gopala Krishna Shrouthigal, by putting in place sound rules and principles of governance, the country was able to mould virtuous citizens free of crimes, unfailing peace and happiness.  "Mandirikku Azhagu Varumporul Uraithal" (A good minister forecasts what will happen) - this is the saying of 'Narunthogai' authored by Adiveerarama Pandiyar. In governance what kind of laws should be followed to achieve particular results in a given situation - this can be only be gauged by men of wisdom and philosophers and not even by men who are blessed with worldly intelligence. Because of this reason only, kings of the hoary past chose  farsighted men to be their ministers.

The way our Gnani guided Thondaiman to choose a particular man of wisdom as his minister, the emperor of Rome, Vespasian, was directed by the God Serapis which had a temple in Alexandria to choose a wise man by name Basillides , as his minister. In the sacrosanctum of this temple Lord Parameshwara was seen in the form of Nandikeshwara. The idol was in the form of a man with the face of Nandi(Bull).

Regretting the injustice perpetrated on Helvidius by him, Vespasian set his heart on a proper government. For this purpose he wanted to get the command of God Serapis in choosing an Egyptian wise man to assist him in such rule. With his essential paraphernalia, he reached the harbour of Alexandria and went directly to the temple. Stationing those who accompanied him outside the temple, he went  inside the temple alone, sat in deep meditation at the sacrosanctum.

Thus when he was meditating, he saw one of the popular Gurus viz Basilides standing in front of him with his eyes closed. When he came out of the meditation, he could not see Basilides in the temple. He ordered his servants to search the temple to find out whether Basilides was there anywhere in the temple. On getting a negative reply, he arranged to check whether Basillides was anywhere in Alexandria on that day. Finally he despatched messengers on horse who reported to him that Basilides was living in his native village 80 miles away. On getting this information, he went to the village himself to meet Basilides and told him about his experience and requested him to be instructed on principles of good governance. Historians refer to the regime of Vespasian as 'Empire in Peace'.

Let us now turn towards Gnani.

One day at early night, when our Bramham (Gnani) was walking, it happened to cross a field dotted with haystack and paddy. We have no idea what it thought, it just leaned on a haystack in a sitting posture. Within a few minutes a watchman appeared there who mistook Bramham for a thief and raised a stick in his hand at it. Hardly had he raised his hand with stick so, both his hand and body became a veritable statue! The watchman did not undergo any misery. On the contrary, he enjoyed the experience as if he is lying down on a bed stuffed with silk cotton. Has he not been fortunate to take punishment at the hands of Bramham! Hence he enjoyed an unimaginable sense of pleasure till dawn next day. At dawn, as usual the Mirasudar (owner) visited the field.

He was stunned to see his watchman looking like a statue. The next second he also saw Brahmam leaning against the haystack. Simultaneously he saw the naked saint moving away and his watchman regaining his normal state. Guessing what should have transpired, the Mirasudar tried to approach Bramham to apologise but was amazed to see Brahmam vanishing in front of his very eyes.

Describing this incident, a writer has mentioned, "It is well known that such results are not due to any conscious volition of the saints but are due to the nature of actions themselves ". Though his doctrine is true in a sense, his explanation is correct only for Mahans. In case there are situations where Mahans face danger, they will automatically get resolved in a miraculous manner.

However Mahans can't perform miracles or disperse powers on their own. They can do so only by appealing to Gods under extreme situations. Only Gnaanis or Thuravis can get things done at their will.

In the incident described above, our Gnani performed the miracle deliberately. In case a Mahan was involved in a similar incident and the watchman raised his stick against him, he might have experienced the same condition. However it would have lasted only for a few seconds. Moreover the Mahan himself would have been surprised at the miracle since he did not cause it. Also the watchman would have fallen at Mahan's feet and apologised realising that he has been punished by God for his audacious deed.

Many Mahans have composed songs praising  Sri Krishna's greatness. One of them is Jayadeva. His composition is known as Ashtapathi. He composed the songs while dancing with his wife and at the end of each of 24 hymns the idol of Sri Krishna shook its head adorned with Kondai. While he was so composing, he had difficulty in composing the later half of a hymn and went for his bath to a nearby river.

As soon as he stepped onto the street Sri Krishna entered his house in the form of Jayadeva. He took the seat of Jayadeva, completed the hymn left incomplete by the poet, took leave of his wife and moved out. When Jayadeva returned after his bath, he took his seat to complete the hymn and was surprised to see the same completed! When he asked his wife,"Who completed the hymn?". Surprised as she was, she responded, "Have you forgotten that you yourself wrote it before some time?"

In a moment both of them realised what had transpired. What else could have made this virtuous couple happier? So such unexpected miracles happen only to those functioning at the level of Mahans. Thuravis and Gnaanis know what is going to happen during the next second.

Thyagayyarval (Thiagaraja Swamigal 1766-1847 A.D.) was a Mahan who praised Lord Sri Rama in his compositions. He once sanctified the house of Kovur Sundaresa Mudaliar as requested by him. Mudaliar importuned Mahan to travel in his palanquin when he took leave and also gave him gold coins as present. Though the Mahan agreed to sit in the palanquin halfheartedly, he refused to accept gold coins. But the devotees accepted the gold coins and concealed the same in the palanquin.

When the palanquin was crossing a forest, some robbers threw stones at Mahan's party. But the same stones came back and attacked those who hurled them prompting the robbers to apologise to the Mahan.  Only when Mahan asked them as to what made them apologise to him, they narrated the miracle to him. When the Mahan came to know that his devotees had hidden the gold coins in his palanquin, he gave them away to the robbers.

Hence the sentence, "it is well known that such results are not due to any conscious  volition of the saints but are due to the nature of the action themselves", is appropriate only for incidents that happen to those functioning at the level of Mahans like Thyagayyarval. In other words, Gods take responsibility for the safety of Mahans.

If the same incident happens to a Thuravi, Thuravi will be aware of the fact that robbers are going to throw the stones beforehand. If Thuravi wishes that the robbers should not be able to take the stones in their hands, it will be so. In case Thuravi does not wish so, stones will simply get dissolved in the wind. If he wants the stones to hit his body, no harm will come to him. Even if he wants to be injured, it won't affect him. So a Thuravi or Gnani can direct their resistance as they wish with an element of humour. Since the author did not know difference between Mahan and Gnani, he has compared miracles enacted by a Gnani to those that happen to a Mahan.

There are no words in English to distinguish Mahan from Gnani. Two words namely, Saint and Mystic are available. Both these words denote only those who lead a secular life. However, we have to use the word Saint to denote a Mahan. Englishmen use the term Philosophers to mean anyone from the level of Viveki to Gnani. They also use the phrase Cynic Philosophers to denote Thuravi and Gnani who bear a weird look.

No one from Tamilnadu had any idea about the life of Sadasiva Brahmam except the final phase in which He attained samadhi. That is, the various legends associated with the Avadutha Purusha came to an end. Since He has attained oneness with Parabramham, he might have been existing in any part of the globe. Those functioning at the level of Bramham can reach any globe. They can be present simultaneously in many globes. It may stay put in ether in absolute bliss. It can function without the body. If it wishes so, it can also sit at one place. When the legends associated with Bramham were on the wane, suddenly an amazing piece of news spread throughout the country. 

Once when Bramham was walking a mansion of a Nawab came in between. Nawab was with his wife at harem. In general for both Thuravi and especially for Bramham, even an iron curtain is just an illusion and hence Bramham was walking through the building and through the harem as if it was crossing an open space. (Thuravis can miraculously come out of rooms that are locked) Nawab saw the naked man who was walking through the harem and sparks started flying from his eyes. He did not have time to think as to how a man can possibly enter the harem that is guarded by security and stoppers. In the meantime Bramham walked out of the harem. Overwhelmed by an uncontrollable sense of rage, the Nawab once again failed to think as to how the person walked out of a guarded place. With his sword drawn, he approached the naked man.

Observing the tumultuous state of Nawab, his soldiers followed him with a shivering mind. Nawab caught up with the naked man and severed one hand of Bramham from behind with one stroke of his sword. The severed hand fell down. But the Bramham unaware of anything kept walking. On seeing this Nawab felt that the naked man is no ordinary mortal and felt sorry for his act. He picked up the severed hand of Bramham in his own hand. Walking in front of the Bramham with its severed hand, Nawab kept apologising to the Bramham as he kept pace with it. Only thereafter Bramham noticed him and asked him what the matter was by gesticulating. Nawab showed the severed hand to Bramham and apologised. Bramham gesticulated to him to keep the severed hand in its appropriate spot. To the amazement of Nawab the severed hand fixed itself in the appropriate place without any problem whatsoever. Will anyone who is witness to such a miracle, especially a king, keep quite? He had this miracle announced duly in his as well as in the neighbouring regimes. Thus the greatness of Bramham spread throughout the countries to some extent.

At this juncture let me clarify a matter to you. If what happened to Bramham was to happen to a Mahan, Nawab would not have been able to cut off Mahan's hand. Nawab's raised hand with sword might have simply got frozen. Or any inimical powers would have been suspended miraculously for some distance around Mahan. Or the Nawab could have fainted. You may have a doubt at this place whether Mahan would be affected or not in case the sword eventually severed his hand.

Definitely it would harm Mahan. But you must remember that a Mahan is protected by God at all times and in case of any danger to his life, such danger would be warded off miraculously.

Hence if a divine fake who has managed to capture a divine position, immense wealth and follows elaborate puja rituals to project himself directly or indirectly as a Mahan, he should be subjected to a pistol or knife which will expose him instantly.

As far as Bramham is concerned, if it wishes  that no harm should happen to its body, no one can do any harm to it. If it doesn't entertain such a thought, one of its limbs may be severed but it will not affect Bramham in any way. If it wants its severed limb to sprout, it will sprout immediately. If the Bramham is chopped into pieces and it wants to regain its form, all the pieces will recombine to form a new body. If Bramham wants to function without a body, it will become invisible. Bramham can function as any organism, living or non living as willed by it. Therefore Bramham is above both existence and non existence. That is, the concept of Bramham (Bramha Thatvam) has to be grasped by intuition and not by intelligence.

When I was a boy, I have heard that our Bramham used to walk about under the guise of many living beings. In those times, elders in the family especially grandmothers used to instruct the younger generation on whatever they have picked up hereditarily on saints, epics, morals and practical tips required by them for living a meaningful life. In short, universities of today can't impart principles of ethical and hygienic living as done by grandmothers of the past.

Did I not tell you that Bramham used to walk about in the guise of many living beings? I was further told that in forests Bramham used to assume forms of fierce animals and was playfully spending time with real animals, puzzling them in the process. Though we may doubt the possibility of anyone witnessing such rare instances, we should not fail to infer that such feats are just child's play to our Bramham.

When I was in school, one of my teachers used to impart occasionally general knowledge to us through English books. He told us about an amazing incident that took place at a time when East India Company, ostensibly a trading company from England started collecting taxes in India.

East India Company - British trading corporation authorised to trade in East Indes on December 31st, 1600, a charter was granted by Queen Elizabeth to "the company of Merchants of London trading to the East Indes." By 1765 the company had become the official administrators of Bengal. Pits India Act of 1784 instituted a dual control between the Company itself and a board appointed by a Committee responsible to the Parliament. After the mutiny of 1857, the Government of India was transferred to the Crown, and the East India Company was abolished in1858.

The Britishers were collecting taxes in a few areas of the South during about the time of the Carnatic wars, which took place about the year 1744. But the British rule was actually established in most parts of India only after the Wars of Bengal. i.e.1757.

I am going to narrate an incident that took place around this time.

You might have heard of Kutralam which is a holiday resort for many VIPs in South India which they visit to escape from the hot sun. This Kutralam was an unknown tiny village in the past housing a small temple and a minor pilgrimage spot.

Most of the people did not know about Kutralam save the locals. Since Kutralam was surrounded by forests and could be reached only by foot,  it was not easily accessible. However, during auspicious days, a few of the locals had the habit of taking bath in the waterfalls and worship Kutralanathar. These persons did not go there to escape from heat.

Those who lived in the past preserved their health through a hygienic way of living. They did not prepare themselves for rare surgeries. When culture is given a go by, death knell is sounded for health. When divine culture is abandoned death knell is sounded for divinity, civility and virtue. When wise scholars are ignored, death knell is sounded for administration, merit and responsibility. When all these reach a dangerous proportion, Gods make up their mind to punish the countries in question.

I told you that locals came to Kutralam to worship Kutralanathar during auspicious days. As far as Christians are concerned though they have lost pilgrimage related travel, they were particular about excursions and will go to any spot for the purpose regardless of the problem of accessibility. An English man who was a high ranking British officer post has somehow heard of Kutralam falls and reached it too. He was enjoying a bath in the falls with his family. Several metres away from the spot at which he was taking bath, there was a rock situated at a slightly higher position surrounded by bushes.

When he turned his eyes on the rock accidentally, he saw a naked man standing on it. He recalled at that moment the general opinion of Europeans on Indians as uncivilized and barbaric human beings.  He thought that the naked man was a forest dweller and he was just looking at their family for sheer fun. Hence he slowly moved away from the falls and reached for his gun. When the naked person was looking away, he took aim at him. The gun did its work without hesitation.

But in the place of the naked man, a tiger of abnormal size stood with its mouth wide open! The English man was stunned to see the transformation of a man into a tiger! He realised that the power of gun did not work with this man. The next moment he left the place with his family to escape any impending danger.

After he retired from his job, this English man made up his mind to write his autobiography. In his book he has devoted more pages to his life in India as pointed out by my teacher. To the best of my memory I am giving below the substance of a few pages that was read out by my teacher from that book.

"I am a Christian. I did not believe in miracles supposed to have been performed by saints in my religion in the past during its founding days. I have heard that India is a spiritual country and many saints lived in it. But I thought that Vedanta and Athmika exist only in paper. I had always strongly believed that those who are called  Samiyars in India are a bunch of lazy persons and no man can attain supernatural powers. But after the incident in Kutralam, i have come to believe that Gnaanis who have Athmic power can live in the world and India is indeed a spiritual country. Presently I am learning the art of Hindu Vedanta from a Brahmin. "

I remember very well listening to the above incident from my teacher. But at that time I did not think of Bramhendral. If I had thought of Bramhendral at that time, i would have noted down the name of the English man and the book from my teacher. Several years later when I intently focused on the life of saints, my attention turned towards the Kutralam incident. I started calculating the time of the English man as well as Bramham. I was able to establish with proof that our Bramham lived even  after the retirement of the English man.

Since the English man could not identify the miraculous person he saw at Kutralam, he was unable to name that Gnani. But it can be definitely concluded that the Gnani was no other than our Bramham.

An Italian who was a captain of one of the armies of East India Company was fortunate to have Darshan of Bramham. That was a time when British armies had an active presence in the areas around Madurai, Ramanathapuram and Pudukottai. This Italian had the habit of riding on his horse for miles together. During such a ride, he spotted a naked beggar on the corner of a road and thought that persons in such abysmal condition are still living in India. Brushing aside the incident, he travelled a few more miles when he spotted the same beggar to his consternation!

Reining in the horse, he looked at the beggar intently. An urge arose in him to communicate with the beggar. However the beggar was sitting with a forlorn look, quite oblivious of the world.

"This fellow should be mad. There can be nothing common between the beggar whom I saw before and this mad person. My eyes have cheated me. I think I am under some delusion. In this country there are many such simple persons". Thinking thus the Italian commenced his ride again with a clear mind. He barely crossed a few miles, when he saw the naked person again. This time he had no confusion and came to a concrete decision that all the three persons must be same. He became happy on seeing a divine person. He dismounted from his horse, walked up to the Gnani and saluted him. He was blessed with the glance of Gnani. With sheer excitement when he was thinking of opening a conversation with him, Gnani left the place. Even as the Italian was looking intently, Gnani vanished in a few seconds leaving him stunned.

As long as he lived in India he kept talking to others about this miracle and even after he returned to his motherland he spoke to his friends about it. It could be said that this Italian was more fortunate than others. That is not all. Within a few years of coming back to his motherland he had the fortune to have Darshan of Bramham again. One day when he was working in his garden, he sighted Bramham walking at a distance by chance. Recognizing Brahmam he ran up to him and saluted him. Bramham neither stopped nor vanished. But while it was walking steadily till the Italian caught up with it, it started walking fast as it crossed him. Within two seconds, the Italian found Bramham walking at a distance his eyes could reach.

This Italian too published his autobiography like the Englishman in his mother tongue. In the book he has mentioned that the same saint with Athmic power gave him Darshan in his motherland out of sheer compassion. A scholar from Britain who happened to read his book, translated the portion about Bramham and sent it to our government. Since it was mentioned that he saw Brahmam first in Pudukottai, Indian government had this information published in Trichy gazette. In those days very important news used to be published in gazette by government. This news has been published somewhere between 1887-1889.

The legends and divine plays associated with Bramham have come to us hereditarily by word of mouth. Many might have witnessed the divine plays of Bramham in many parts of India nay world. But how anyone could have identified the divine miracles with Bramham? Hence thise who have witnessed such divine plays would have thought of Bramham as yet another saint and there would have been an end of these legends when they passed away.

As far as Tamil Nadu is concerned, not only the elders here had knowledge of his birth, 18 years stint with Paramasivendral where he attained expertise in exalted spiritual disciplines and left him in utter renunciation as also his divine plays reached the ears of kings.

Further, his divine plays were passed on in Tamil Nadu hereditarily by word of mouth. The pundits of Tanjore and Pudukottai palaces composed information on Bramham in Sanskrit and based on these editions too, books on Bramham were published.

You are aware that this universe/globe as well as our bodies comprise of five basic elements called Pancha Boothas (ether, air, fire, water and earth). Hence our Bramham gave up these five elements at five places, viz,  Manamadurai, Nerur, Purijaganatham, Kasi and Karachi. However,  the only popular Adhishtanam or Samadhi today is at Nerur. A Siva temple has been built with the Samadhi at Manamadurai and a small memorial has been erected in the precincts of the temple.

The other three Samadhis have simply disappeared owing to negligence of succeeding generations who were ignorant of Bramham. At Nerur, Bramham gave up its ether element (Akasha Bhutam).

A sage appeared in the dream of venerable elders in all these five places and informed them the Samadhi day of Bramham. The sage added that a Brahmin will come there with a Lingam and instructed them to install the Lingam on the Samadhi of Bramham.

Those who had this wonderful dream shared it with others. On that particular day Bramham too reached all the five places.

At Nerurl,  Brahmins commenced expeditiously arrangements for Bramham's burial,  Abhishekam, Aradhana and Puja. At midday, in order to give up the mortal coil permanently,  Bramham sat in the square pit prepared for the purpose and the same was closed. At the same time a Brahmin appeared there with a Lingam. He told them the names of four other places where Brahmam was attaining Samadhi simultaneously. The Brahmins prostrated to him and commenced the sacred rites.

Further, the Brahmins have already decided that the most important aspect of the rites should be conducted by the hands of the divine visitor, who was dear to Bramham. However, when the moment came the divine visitor who brought the Lingam was not to be seen in the vicinity. I leave it to your judgement to decide who the divine Brahmin visitor was. (An incident happened when I was associated with Sir to hint that the divine visitor was Sri Sir Himself. Logically I came to the conclusion that Sri Sir was reincarnation of Sri Paramasivendral Himself.)

Completing this great task, the Brahmins from Nerur went to Tanjore palace and informed  the Maharashtra king of all the details. Hearing all this the kin Bramham his prostrations with dhyanam and despatched messengers to other four places where Brahmam attained Samadhi. Thus the four Samadhis also got confirmed. 

Besides, it is believed for generations that Bramhendral resides in a Bilva tree at the Thiruvenkadu Adhishtanam. Hence an ochre robe which is placed on this sacred Bilva tree is taken to Nerur every year during Nerur Aradhana and put on Bramhendral. The mortal coil of Bramham left this world on Chaitra Shukla Dasami.