Yenippadigalil Maanthargal - YPM

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YPM Part-3 - Interpretations of YPM Part-1 - Page - 1

1 (A)   He who condemns the eternal Vedas is Papi (SINNER)

1 (B)   He who knows not Vedas as words of God. is Paamaran

1 A & B:  Like Time, Vedas too have no beginning and end. Our world's life span has been determined as 432 crore years divided into 1000 equal parts. Each such part consists of four Yugas called the Maha Yuga. At the end of each Maha Yuga, known as Kali Yuga, a deluge (Pralayam) occurs wiping out all Jeevas. As soon as the deluge is over, the same Jeevas spring forth from the Earth signalling the onset of yet another Kritha Yuga. As soon as the life span of the earth is over, the world breaks into smithereens. Simultaneously another world is created and kept ready for use and all Jeevathmas are transported to the new world with new bodies. This is followed by onset of a maiden Kritha Yuga. Maharishis set up Ashrams at the beginning of the every Kritha yuga throughout the world, stay in them and leave just before the onset of Kali Yuga. Hence even commoners should know that the Vedas given by Bramha are instilled in the world by Maharishis during each Kritha Yuga.

Besides, all regimes in the world have adopted different moral standards during these four Yugas. This has been mentioned briefly by a research scholar as follows.

“The world being thus furnished with inhabitants, the first age was an age of innocence and happiness, called the Golden Age.  Truth and right prevailed, though not enforced by law, nor was there any magistrate to threaten or punish.  The forest had not yet been robbed of its tress to furnish timbers for vessels, not had men built fortifications round their towns.  There were no such things as swords, spears or helmets.  The earth brought forth all things necessary for man, without his labour in ploughing or sowing. Perpetual spring reigned, flowers sprang up without seed, the rivers flowed with milk and wine, and yellow honey distilled from the oaks.

Then succeeded the Silver Age, inferior to the golden, but better than that of brass.  Jupiter, shortened the spring and divided the year into seasons.  Then, first men had to endure the extremes of heat and cold, and houses became necessary.  Caves were the first dwellings, and leafy coverts of the woods, and huts woven of twigs.  Crops would no longer grow without planting.  The farmer was obliged to sow the seed, and the toiling ox to draw the plough.

Next came the Brazen Age, more savage of temper, and readier to the strife of arms, yet not altogether wicked.  The hardest and worst was the Iron Age.  Crime burst in like a flood; modesty, truth and honour fled.  In their places came fraud and cunning, violence and the wicked love of gain.  Then seamen spread sails to the wind, and  the trees were torn from the mountains to serve for keels to ships, and vex the face of the ocean.  The earth, which till now had been cultivated in common, began to be divided off into possessions.  Men were not satisfied with what the surface produced, but must dig into its bowels, and draw forth from thence the ores of metals.  Mischievous Iron, and more mischievous gold, were produced.  War sprang up, using both as weapons; the guest was not safe in his friend’s house; the sons-in-law and fathers-in-law, brothers and sisters, husbands and wives could not trust one another.  Sons wished their fathers dead, that they might come to the inheritance; family love lay prostrate.  The earth was wet with slaughter, and the gods abandoned it, one by one, till Astraea alone was left, and finally she also took her departure.

2(C).  He who avers that there was unity in caste based society is Viveki

2(D).  He who avers that today's "one caste" is rooted in disharmony is Sadhu

2(E).  He who recited Vedas strictly under rules.

 C & D: While it is possible to transform human beings  throughout the world as virtuous persons, it is impossible to make them equal in other numerous characteristics. It is possible to bring down the descendants of the nobler ones but impossible to raise the level of the ignoble.

During the times when original caste distinction was in vogue, though the people varied in character and virtue, humanity as a whole showed mutual regard and humanness.

Besides, depending on the quality of our blood, an aura is exuded from our body continuously though we are not conscious of it. Only because of this the higher ones maintained a distance from the lower ones.

However these days, when caste system has been demolished and equality established, the unwanted four castes of rich and poor as well as capitalists and labour class have sprung up along with a plethora of diversities which have mushroomed in the name of public rowdies, political parties, religion etc. Yes, the unity in diversity in the past is now manifesting as terrible differences.

Besides, in those days it was possible to guage the differences between human beings with the help of the caste system and without resorting to a calibrating device such as a barometer. A Tamil scholar of the hoary past says, "as is the caste, so is the character " (Kulathalave Agumam Gunam). From this we should know that character depended on caste. The caste system which is still prevalent in India to some extent, was in practice throughout the world, as can be inferred from the following extract given by me.

The caste system has divine origin and sanction.  The Purushasooktha states this in the clearest terms and the Vedas contain references to the caste system in innumerable passages, despite glib assertions to the contrary by ignorant or interested scholars and savants.  Manu has stated the facts with equal emphasis and Lord Krishna says in the Gita, ‘I have created four castes in accordance with the variations of Gunas and Karmas.

Evidence has been yearly accumulating on the existence of restrictions as to inter marriage and as to the right of eating (commensality) among other Aryan tribes, Greeks, Germans, Russians and so on.  Even without the fact of the existence now of such restriction among the modern successors of the ancient Aryans of India, it would have been probable that they were also addicted to similar customs.  It is certain that the notion of such usages was familiar enough to some at least of the tribes that preceded the Aryans of India.  Rules of endogamy and exogamy, privileges restricted to certain classes, of eating together are not only Indian or Aryan, but world-wide phenomena.  Both the spirit and to a large degree the actual details of modern Indian caste-usages are indentical with these ancients,  and no doubt universal customs.  It is in them we have the key to the origin of caste.

The president de Cognet is of opinion, that a division of the people into tribes and hereditary professions similar to that of the Hindu, existed in the ancient Assyrian Empire and it prevailed from the highest antiquity over almost all Asia.  Cecrops (the first divine king of Greecian Lands) distributed into four tribes all the inhabitants of Attica(Athens).  Theseus afterwards made them three by uniting as it should seem, the sacerdotal class with that of nobles and  priests, labourers, husbandmen and artificers; and there is no doubt that like the Egyptians and Indians, they were hereditary.  Aristotle expressly informs us that in Crete the people were divided by the laws of Minos into castes after the manners of Egyptians.  We have most remarkable proof of a division of the same as that of the Hindus, anciently established among the Persians.  In the Zendavesta, translated by Anquetil Duperson is the following passage. Lord Parameswara Pr,izd saod: “ There are three measures(literally weights, that is tests, rules) of conduct, four states and five places of dignity- the states are that of the priests; that of the soldier, that of the husbandman, the source of all riches; and that of the artisan or labourer.”  There are sufficient vestiges to prove and ancient establishment of the same sort among the Bhuddists of Ceylon, and by consequence to infer it among other Bhuddists over a large portion of Asia.

2E: Following is a note on Vedic incantations as given by a Christian scholar.

The word Om..and the Gayathri  which is the most holy verse of the vedas is enjoined in innumerable parts of the Code to be repeated either as devotion or expiation.  This indeed joined to universal benevolence may raise a man to beatitude without the aid of any other religious exercise.  This mysterious text though it is confined to the Brahmins and is no longer so easy to learn, has been well ascertained by learned Europeans.  The reading of the Vedas is a serious task.  They must be read distinctly and aloud, with a calm mind and in a respectful posture.  The reading is liable to be interrupted by many omens and must be suspended  like wise on the occurance of various contingencies, which by disturbing the mind may render it unfit for such an occupation.

3C.  He who takes food thinking of God.

3D.  He who does not accept food from mean people.

3 C: Those belonging to non Hindu religions too take their food thinking of their Gods.

3 D: A person belonging to a higher caste in divine religion avoids acts such as marriage, eating with a person belonging to a lower caste. He also doesn't accept food sighted or a few articles touched by them. Also these virtuous persons do not let foreigners of inferior culture to interact with them. Generally as human blood carries in it the seeds of peace, purity, humility, honesty, love, intelligence, divinity, it also carries anger, indignation, revenge, meanness, untruth, atrocity, arrogance and evil.  Death sentence was awarded even for errors. Those who committed wrong deeds were ostracized from the society. In general, sinners were absent.

5E. He who eats only Satvic food that encourages noble traits.

5F. Though he may offer meat with tremendous devotion.

5 E : Siranda Vivekis, especially Daiva  Vivekis used food and vegetables that were conducive to wisdom and nobility. Through scriptures they were aware of the food articles that induced carnal instincts, greed, bad thoughts, wickedness etc and avoided them completely. As far as history goes, even common citizens who lived Egypt of divine culture were very strict about rules in eating habits. They avoided wheat contemptuously which carried some stigma in it despite its nutritious qualities. They did not even feed their cattle with wheat. Instead they used a grain by name "spelt". Also they knew the plus and minus points of non - vegetarian food stuff as well and avoided harmful food stuff. Due to such strict and discriminatory food habits, Egyptians were totally honest and not even one Egyptian was born either underweight or overweight as recorded by Herodotus. Similarly cattle were also born with zero defects.

5F : Kannappa Nayanar who gave his eye itself to Bhagavan is a Daiva Sadhu. Though he dedicated to Bhagavan his favorite dishes made out of meat, he has completed the stages prior to that of Daiva Sadhu. Due to some previous reason Bhagavan have him birth in hunter caste this time.


6(A) He who breaks into belongings of others for his benefit.

6(B) One who steals fruits and vegetables from neighbor's garden

6 A&B: Plants which are nurtured strenuously by householders face the danger of being robbed in daylight in India and especially in our Tamil Nadu, just as they are ripe for use by those who painstakingly watered and fenced them. Those humble citizens who are unable to stop these rogues are forced to lock themselves inside the house pretending as if they have not noticed the intruders. Even if they call their neighbours for help, the neighbours are put off by the threats of the intruders. Further, fences are also destroyed by the intruders. Fencing is an expensive affair for middle class people. Even those who could afford can't erect fences daily. The same is the story even if walls are erected around gardens. Hence both urban dwellers and villagers have almost stopped growing vegetables and trees in their backyards. Our government officials however advise the citizens to grow vegetables in their houses whenever there is a shortage of food in the country.

Further, pickpockets, chain snatchers, robbers and such other dangerous citizens have proliferated after independence. If someone tries to catch hold of such rowdies, they are stabbed by those waiting to assist such antisocial elements. Needless to furnish details of robberies at homes during night. Thousands of such robberies take place each day depriving many of their belongings. Few years after independence, some rogues consider robbing without murder as rather cowardly. Is there any need to explain to you the robberies, murders and torching of buses, trains, banks and warehouses of food articles?

7 (B) He who undertakes good, bad and faulty deeds

7B: Improper mistakes = Minor sins. Even these ordinary mistakes attract punishment.

7 (E).He who is above sin and virtue.

7E: Everyone is duty bound to worship Bhagavan. It is a debt of gratitude owed to Him. Hence worshipping Bhagavan  is not an act of virtue. But failure to do so becomes a sin. If persons like us who are interested in the worldly fortunes become virtuous and carry out good deeds, due rewards for such good deeds come to us. Only such acts can be called Punyam. A Mutrina Viveki does not struggle for worldly fortunes. He doesn't give up worshipping of Bhagavan all the same.

9 (E). He who is totally free of ego.

9E: A Sadhu is not upset in the least, remains stoical, even if a stranger talks ill of him or ignores him in an insulting manner or if he is thrown out of an assembly where he belongs to by sheer merit.

11(G) He who help all creatures

11 G: A scorpion was writhing in water. A Sadhu saw it and lifted it from the water effortlessly to save its life. The scorpion stung him and he shook his hands. The scorpion again fell in water. However the Sadhu bore the pain patiently and put the scorpion on land by acting in a suitable manner. An onlooker witnessing the strange spectacle derided the Sadhu with pity. The Sadhu responded with concern, "Stinging is its nature. Saving is my nature". The onlooker meditated on the meaning of Sadhu's response and left.

12(H). He who can perform the ferocious act of Ananda Thandavam.

12 H: When people throughout the world tune into heinous sinners, Parameshwara  assumes Rudramsam and destroys them by pressing them under His foot with fluttering hair. When He is so engaged in such a great feat, it is said that He becomes ecstatic and gives relief to Bhuma Devi, dancing delightfully. Hence Bhagavan who assumes a ferocious mood in the beginning, gradually transforms Himself into doing a blissful dance. This is called Cosmic Dance.

 13 (A). The rich who lead a luxurious life devoid of charity.

 13 (B). He who gives away liberally for wine, gambling and women too.

13 A & B: Seeman (சீமான்) = Rich. Prabu  (ப்ரபு) = The rich who unfailingly executes all charitable acts - Even during recent past all rich persons functioned as Vivekis and were of charitable disposition. In the present age, though some Prabus exist, most of the rich use their wealth to satisfy their improper or wrong objectives. However a few rich persons perform charitable deeds to acquire spiritual merit. 

16F: A couple had a firm belief that God was indeed residing in the idol they were worshipping. Bhagavan too willed that their devotion should be demonstrated. One night their house caught fire. On coming to know this the couple rescued their favorite idol regardless of burn injuries on them. Only after this they tried to rescue their only male child. In the meanwhile the fire was put out by their neighbors. However they could only discover the burnt body of their son. Taking it as God's well, they tried to perform the last rites of their deceased child. How wonderful! The burnt body was restored to its original state. The son opened his eyes. God demonstrated the greatness of Daiva Sadhus in this manner.

20A: These days divine/spiritual fakes who loot the unwary and gullible public by veiled threats have appeared. Kudukudupandis are one of them. (those who make predictions accompanied by the sound of an instrument called Kudukudupai). We need not fear such persons.

20E: Though Sadhus hate wicked deeds,they will show love to even wicked wights if they happen to run into them. Sadhus will never attempt to reform or condemn anyone. Siranda Vivekis are very different from Sadhus in nature. However it is not possible to become a Siranda Viveki without completing the stage of Sadhu.

20H: Thuravis sport a deadpan. One can't discern the feelings of anger, joy, gloom, love, compassion, sympathy etc in their face.

21A & F: Whenever we are about to be subjected to  or in danger, misery, sickness, hazard, poverty, robbery etc we look forward to help and sympathy from others. We should reciprocate such gestures when others are in similar plight.
These days majority of pundits, Vedic scholars and artists behave as if they are born to receive and not to give. This is not right. By the way, unlike us Siranda Vivekis welcome any misery. They are keen to face and complete their karma. They know well the rule that one must enjoy the fruits of their karma and hence don't expect a sympathy from others.

Moreover we should not fail to see the sense of justice behind Bhagavan's dispensing fruits (horrendous punishments) according to our evil karma. Failing to perceive such stern judgement of Bhagavan we ask in frustration whether God is blind. Though a Siranda Viveki does not have the quality of sympathy, he won't refrain from helping others according to his capacity. Yes, the exalted Vivekis have compared compassion to a mental disorder.

23 B,C,D,E: I am repeating often that throughout the world Divine Religion (Daiva Madam) was prevalent before modern religions cropped up. In those counties of Divine religion, charitable eateries were run for travellers. After modern religions appeared, these charitable eateries, started actually accepting money for food. Such food joints which accepted money were called Inns by the British. Subsequently countries of all modern religions have started selling not only food but also hospitality and smile.

24 C,D,E: Culture means establishment of good deeds and virtuous thinking. Civilization means promotion of hygienic methods of life, centres and inhabitations. (Culture and Civilization). When a country advances in modernity, refinement  and sophistication, authors interpret it as advancement of civilization. The authors in Europe interpret growth of modern buildings and proliferation of novelties as civilization. But advancement of anything beyond a point except virtue and devotion will lead to degeneration of human dignity. Expansion means Friction. A few scholars who came from abroad have praised our civilization with amazement. The interpretation of civilization has undergone tremendous changes with the advent of modern religions. Though consisting of a few hygienic aspects, they are all the same plagued by many unavoidable disadvantages. Not only methods which preserved health have now disppeared; also unhealthy practices have multiplied. As a result of this, hazardous seeds have started sprouting in each of our inner organs. Not only a few are becoming victims of incurable diseases but most of the children are born with seeds of diseases. Some children are born with terrible forms. The scientists who study the impact of modern gadgets on younger generation are a worried lot. Even in the thirties women gave birth to children the same way animals did without the assistance of any doctors. Needless to explain the consequences of the modern lifestyle of the majority of women who have abandoned lifestyle and works appropriate to them. Many modern women have lost  both womanhood and mother's milk.

25F: We are constantly on the move in the course of our life journey. That is, we let birth and death alternate. In the last  birth our mother could have been born as an animal on earth and our father could have been an aquatic creature. Similarly they could be born as snake and mongoose in their next birth. In this birth they happen to be born as our parents. It is the same story with us who happen to be their children. That is, unconnected things come together temporarily before going their way. A Mutrina Viveki who understands this fact completely doesn't get attached though in the midst of a family. This is one of the best philosophical evolutions.

26G: An art that enables you to meet God directly. (A rare art )

26H: Though the Jeevas in the world die, their Jeevathmas continue to live. Thuravis who can perceive everything in the world as an illusion, have learnt the art (a miraculous art) of perceiving even Jeevathmas which are alive as an illusion.

26I: A Gnani simply becomes a living demonstration of the ultimate vedantic truth "everything except Bramham is an illusion".

27G: We, who are rooted in the reality of the world and our lives in it are not totally ignorant of the fact that the world is controlled by Gods who are real. Mahan attain oneness with these Gods and find bliss. Further they realize the Gods here and attain His holy feet hereafter.