SADGURU SHRI SIVAN SIR

Yenippadigalil Maanthargal - YPM

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YPM Part-3 - Interpretations of YPM Part-1 - Page - 1

1 (A)   He who condemns the eternal Vedas is Papi (SINNER)

1 (B)   He who knows not Vedas as words of God. is Paamaran

1 A & B:  Like Time, Vedas too have no beginning and end. Our world's life span has been determined as 432 crore years divided into 1000 equal parts. Each such part consists of four Yugas called the Maha Yuga. At the end of each Maha Yuga, known as Kali Yuga, a deluge (Pralayam) occurs wiping out all Jeevas. As soon as the deluge is over, the same Jeevas spring forth from the Earth signalling the onset of yet another Kritha Yuga. As soon as the life span of the earth is over, the world breaks into smithereens. Simultaneously another world is created and kept ready for use and all Jeevathmas are transported to the new world with new bodies. This is followed by onset of a maiden Kritha Yuga. Maharishis set up Ashrams at the beginning of the every Kritha yuga throughout the world, stay in them and leave just before the onset of Kali Yuga. Hence even commoners should know that the Vedas given by Bramha are instilled in the world by Maharishis during each Kritha Yuga.

Besides, all regimes in the world have adopted different moral standards during these four Yugas. This has been mentioned briefly by a research scholar as follows.

“The world being thus furnished with inhabitants, the first age was an age of innocence and happiness, called the Golden Age.  Truth and right prevailed, though not enforced by law, nor was there any magistrate to threaten or punish.  The forest had not yet been robbed of its tress to furnish timbers for vessels, not had men built fortifications round their towns.  There were no such things as swords, spears or helmets.  The earth brought forth all things necessary for man, without his labour in ploughing or sowing. Perpetual spring reigned, flowers sprang up without seed, the rivers flowed with milk and wine, and yellow honey distilled from the oaks.

Then succeeded the Silver Age, inferior to the golden, but better than that of brass.  Jupiter, shortened the spring and divided the year into seasons.  Then, first men had to endure the extremes of heat and cold, and houses became necessary.  Caves were the first dwellings, and leafy coverts of the woods, and huts woven of twigs.  Crops would no longer grow without planting.  The farmer was obliged to sow the seed, and the toiling ox to draw the plough.

Next came the Brazen Age, more savage of temper, and readier to the strife of arms, yet not altogether wicked.  The hardest and worst was the Iron Age.  Crime burst in like a flood; modesty, truth and honour fled.  In their places came fraud and cunning, violence and the wicked love of gain.  Then seamen spread sails to the wind, and  the trees were torn from the mountains to serve for keels to ships, and vex the face of the ocean.  The earth, which till now had been cultivated in common, began to be divided off into possessions.  Men were not satisfied with what the surface produced, but must dig into its bowels, and draw forth from thence the ores of metals.  Mischievous Iron, and more mischievous gold, were produced.  War sprang up, using both as weapons; the guest was not safe in his friend’s house; the sons-in-law and fathers-in-law, brothers and sisters, husbands and wives could not trust one another.  Sons wished their fathers dead, that they might come to the inheritance; family love lay prostrate.  The earth was wet with slaughter, and the gods abandoned it, one by one, till Astraea alone was left, and finally she also took her departure.

2(C).  He who avers that there was unity in caste based society is Viveki

2(D).  He who avers that today's "one caste" is rooted in disharmony is Sadhu

2(E).  He who recited Vedas strictly under rules.

 C & D: While it is possible to transform human beings  throughout the world as virtuous persons, it is impossible to make them equal in other numerous characteristics. It is possible to bring down the descendants of the nobler ones but impossible to raise the level of the ignoble.

During the times when original caste distinction was in vogue, though the people varied in character and virtue, humanity as a whole showed mutual regard and humanness.

Besides, depending on the quality of our blood, an aura is exuded from our body continuously though we are not conscious of it. Only because of this the higher ones maintained a distance from the lower ones.

However these days, when caste system has been demolished and equality established, the unwanted four castes of rich and poor as well as capitalists and labour class have sprung up along with a plethora of diversities which have mushroomed in the name of public rowdies, political parties, religion etc. Yes, the unity in diversity in the past is now manifesting as terrible differences.

Besides, in those days it was possible to guage the differences between human beings with the help of the caste system and without resorting to a calibrating device such as a barometer. A Tamil scholar of the hoary past says, "as is the caste, so is the character " (Kulathalave Agumam Gunam). From this we should know that character depended on caste. The caste system which is still prevalent in India to some extent, was in practice throughout the world, as can be inferred from the following extract given by me.

The caste system has divine origin and sanction.  The Purushasooktha states this in the clearest terms and the Vedas contain references to the caste system in innumerable passages, despite glib assertions to the contrary by ignorant or interested scholars and savants.  Manu has stated the facts with equal emphasis and Lord Krishna says in the Gita, ‘I have created four castes in accordance with the variations of Gunas and Karmas.

Evidence has been yearly accumulating on the existence of restrictions as to inter marriage and as to the right of eating (commensality) among other Aryan tribes, Greeks, Germans, Russians and so on.  Even without the fact of the existence now of such restriction among the modern successors of the ancient Aryans of India, it would have been probable that they were also addicted to similar customs.  It is certain that the notion of such usages was familiar enough to some at least of the tribes that preceded the Aryans of India.  Rules of endogamy and exogamy, privileges restricted to certain classes, of eating together are not only Indian or Aryan, but world-wide phenomena.  Both the spirit and to a large degree the actual details of modern Indian caste-usages are indentical with these ancients,  and no doubt universal customs.  It is in them we have the key to the origin of caste.

The president de Cognet is of opinion, that a division of the people into tribes and hereditary professions similar to that of the Hindu, existed in the ancient Assyrian Empire and it prevailed from the highest antiquity over almost all Asia.  Cecrops (the first divine king of Greecian Lands) distributed into four tribes all the inhabitants of Attica(Athens).  Theseus afterwards made them three by uniting as it should seem, the sacerdotal class with that of nobles and  priests, labourers, husbandmen and artificers; and there is no doubt that like the Egyptians and Indians, they were hereditary.  Aristotle expressly informs us that in Crete the people were divided by the laws of Minos into castes after the manners of Egyptians.  We have most remarkable proof of a division of the same as that of the Hindus, anciently established among the Persians.  In the Zendavesta, translated by Anquetil Duperson is the following passage. Lord Parameswara Pr,izd saod: “ There are three measures(literally weights, that is tests, rules) of conduct, four states and five places of dignity- the states are that of the priests; that of the soldier, that of the husbandman, the source of all riches; and that of the artisan or labourer.”  There are sufficient vestiges to prove and ancient establishment of the same sort among the Bhuddists of Ceylon, and by consequence to infer it among other Bhuddists over a large portion of Asia.

2E: Following is a note on Vedic incantations as given by a Christian scholar.

The word Om..and the Gayathri  which is the most holy verse of the vedas is enjoined in innumerable parts of the Code to be repeated either as devotion or expiation.  This indeed joined to universal benevolence may raise a man to beatitude without the aid of any other religious exercise.  This mysterious text though it is confined to the Brahmins and is no longer so easy to learn, has been well ascertained by learned Europeans.  The reading of the Vedas is a serious task.  They must be read distinctly and aloud, with a calm mind and in a respectful posture.  The reading is liable to be interrupted by many omens and must be suspended  like wise on the occurance of various contingencies, which by disturbing the mind may render it unfit for such an occupation.

3C.  He who takes food thinking of God.

3D.  He who does not accept food from mean people.

3 C: Those belonging to non Hindu religions too take their food thinking of their Gods.

3 D: A person belonging to a higher caste in divine religion avoids acts such as marriage, eating with a person belonging to a lower caste. He also doesn't accept food sighted or a few articles touched by them. Also these virtuous persons do not let foreigners of inferior culture to interact with them. Generally as human blood carries in it the seeds of peace, purity, humility, honesty, love, intelligence, divinity, it also carries anger, indignation, revenge, meanness, untruth, atrocity, arrogance and evil.  Death sentence was awarded even for errors. Those who committed wrong deeds were ostracized from the society. In general, sinners were absent.

5E. He who eats only Satvic food that encourages noble traits.

5F. Though he may offer meat with tremendous devotion.

5 E : Siranda Vivekis, especially Daiva  Vivekis used food and vegetables that were conducive to wisdom and nobility. Through scriptures they were aware of the food articles that induced carnal instincts, greed, bad thoughts, wickedness etc and avoided them completely. As far as history goes, even common citizens who lived Egypt of divine culture were very strict about rules in eating habits. They avoided wheat contemptuously which carried some stigma in it despite its nutritious qualities. They did not even feed their cattle with wheat. Instead they used a grain by name "spelt". Also they knew the plus and minus points of non - vegetarian food stuff as well and avoided harmful food stuff. Due to such strict and discriminatory food habits, Egyptians were totally honest and not even one Egyptian was born either underweight or overweight as recorded by Herodotus. Similarly cattle were also born with zero defects.

5F : Kannappa Nayanar who gave his eye itself to Bhagavan is a Daiva Sadhu. Though he dedicated to Bhagavan his favorite dishes made out of meat, he has completed the stages prior to that of Daiva Sadhu. Due to some previous reason Bhagavan have him birth in hunter caste this time.

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6(A) He who breaks into belongings of others for his benefit.

6(B) One who steals fruits and vegetables from neighbor's garden

6 A&B: Plants which are nurtured strenuously by householders face the danger of being robbed in daylight in India and especially in our Tamil Nadu, just as they are ripe for use by those who painstakingly watered and fenced them. Those humble citizens who are unable to stop these rogues are forced to lock themselves inside the house pretending as if they have not noticed the intruders. Even if they call their neighbours for help, the neighbours are put off by the threats of the intruders. Further, fences are also destroyed by the intruders. Fencing is an expensive affair for middle class people. Even those who could afford can't erect fences daily. The same is the story even if walls are erected around gardens. Hence both urban dwellers and villagers have almost stopped growing vegetables and trees in their backyards. Our government officials however advise the citizens to grow vegetables in their houses whenever there is a shortage of food in the country.

Further, pickpockets, chain snatchers, robbers and such other dangerous citizens have proliferated after independence. If someone tries to catch hold of such rowdies, they are stabbed by those waiting to assist such antisocial elements. Needless to furnish details of robberies at homes during night. Thousands of such robberies take place each day depriving many of their belongings. Few years after independence, some rogues consider robbing without murder as rather cowardly. Is there any need to explain to you the robberies, murders and torching of buses, trains, banks and warehouses of food articles?

7 (B) He who undertakes good, bad and faulty deeds

7B: Improper mistakes = Minor sins. Even these ordinary mistakes attract punishment.

7 (E).He who is above sin and virtue.

7E: Everyone is duty bound to worship Bhagavan. It is a debt of gratitude owed to Him. Hence worshipping Bhagavan  is not an act of virtue. But failure to do so becomes a sin. If persons like us who are interested in the worldly fortunes become virtuous and carry out good deeds, due rewards for such good deeds come to us. Only such acts can be called Punyam. A Mutrina Viveki does not struggle for worldly fortunes. He doesn't give up worshipping of Bhagavan all the same.

9 (E). He who is totally free of ego.

9E: A Sadhu is not upset in the least, remains stoical, even if a stranger talks ill of him or ignores him in an insulting manner or if he is thrown out of an assembly where he belongs to by sheer merit.

11(G) He who help all creatures

11 G: A scorpion was writhing in water. A Sadhu saw it and lifted it from the water effortlessly to save its life. The scorpion stung him and he shook his hands. The scorpion again fell in water. However the Sadhu bore the pain patiently and put the scorpion on land by acting in a suitable manner. An onlooker witnessing the strange spectacle derided the Sadhu with pity. The Sadhu responded with concern, "Stinging is its nature. Saving is my nature". The onlooker meditated on the meaning of Sadhu's response and left.

12(H). He who can perform the ferocious act of Ananda Thandavam.

12 H: When people throughout the world tune into heinous sinners, Parameshwara  assumes Rudramsam and destroys them by pressing them under His foot with fluttering hair. When He is so engaged in such a great feat, it is said that He becomes ecstatic and gives relief to Bhuma Devi, dancing delightfully. Hence Bhagavan who assumes a ferocious mood in the beginning, gradually transforms Himself into doing a blissful dance. This is called Cosmic Dance.

 13 (A). The rich who lead a luxurious life devoid of charity.

 13 (B). He who gives away liberally for wine, gambling and women too.

13 A & B: Seeman (சீமான்) = Rich. Prabu  (ப்ரபு) = The rich who unfailingly executes all charitable acts - Even during recent past all rich persons functioned as Vivekis and were of charitable disposition. In the present age, though some Prabus exist, most of the rich use their wealth to satisfy their improper or wrong objectives. However a few rich persons perform charitable deeds to acquire spiritual merit. 

16F: A couple had a firm belief that God was indeed residing in the idol they were worshipping. Bhagavan too willed that their devotion should be demonstrated. One night their house caught fire. On coming to know this the couple rescued their favorite idol regardless of burn injuries on them. Only after this they tried to rescue their only male child. In the meanwhile the fire was put out by their neighbors. However they could only discover the burnt body of their son. Taking it as God's well, they tried to perform the last rites of their deceased child. How wonderful! The burnt body was restored to its original state. The son opened his eyes. God demonstrated the greatness of Daiva Sadhus in this manner.

20A: These days divine/spiritual fakes who loot the unwary and gullible public by veiled threats have appeared. Kudukudupandis are one of them. (those who make predictions accompanied by the sound of an instrument called Kudukudupai). We need not fear such persons.

20E: Though Sadhus hate wicked deeds,they will show love to even wicked wights if they happen to run into them. Sadhus will never attempt to reform or condemn anyone. Siranda Vivekis are very different from Sadhus in nature. However it is not possible to become a Siranda Viveki without completing the stage of Sadhu.

20H: Thuravis sport a deadpan. One can't discern the feelings of anger, joy, gloom, love, compassion, sympathy etc in their face.

21A & F: Whenever we are about to be subjected to  or in danger, misery, sickness, hazard, poverty, robbery etc we look forward to help and sympathy from others. We should reciprocate such gestures when others are in similar plight.
These days majority of pundits, Vedic scholars and artists behave as if they are born to receive and not to give. This is not right. By the way, unlike us Siranda Vivekis welcome any misery. They are keen to face and complete their karma. They know well the rule that one must enjoy the fruits of their karma and hence don't expect a sympathy from others.

Moreover we should not fail to see the sense of justice behind Bhagavan's dispensing fruits (horrendous punishments) according to our evil karma. Failing to perceive such stern judgement of Bhagavan we ask in frustration whether God is blind. Though a Siranda Viveki does not have the quality of sympathy, he won't refrain from helping others according to his capacity. Yes, the exalted Vivekis have compared compassion to a mental disorder.

23 B,C,D,E: I am repeating often that throughout the world Divine Religion (Daiva Madam) was prevalent before modern religions cropped up. In those counties of Divine religion, charitable eateries were run for travellers. After modern religions appeared, these charitable eateries, started actually accepting money for food. Such food joints which accepted money were called Inns by the British. Subsequently countries of all modern religions have started selling not only food but also hospitality and smile.

24 C,D,E: Culture means establishment of good deeds and virtuous thinking. Civilization means promotion of hygienic methods of life, centres and inhabitations. (Culture and Civilization). When a country advances in modernity, refinement  and sophistication, authors interpret it as advancement of civilization. The authors in Europe interpret growth of modern buildings and proliferation of novelties as civilization. But advancement of anything beyond a point except virtue and devotion will lead to degeneration of human dignity. Expansion means Friction. A few scholars who came from abroad have praised our civilization with amazement. The interpretation of civilization has undergone tremendous changes with the advent of modern religions. Though consisting of a few hygienic aspects, they are all the same plagued by many unavoidable disadvantages. Not only methods which preserved health have now disppeared; also unhealthy practices have multiplied. As a result of this, hazardous seeds have started sprouting in each of our inner organs. Not only a few are becoming victims of incurable diseases but most of the children are born with seeds of diseases. Some children are born with terrible forms. The scientists who study the impact of modern gadgets on younger generation are a worried lot. Even in the thirties women gave birth to children the same way animals did without the assistance of any doctors. Needless to explain the consequences of the modern lifestyle of the majority of women who have abandoned lifestyle and works appropriate to them. Many modern women have lost  both womanhood and mother's milk.

25F: We are constantly on the move in the course of our life journey. That is, we let birth and death alternate. In the last  birth our mother could have been born as an animal on earth and our father could have been an aquatic creature. Similarly they could be born as snake and mongoose in their next birth. In this birth they happen to be born as our parents. It is the same story with us who happen to be their children. That is, unconnected things come together temporarily before going their way. A Mutrina Viveki who understands this fact completely doesn't get attached though in the midst of a family. This is one of the best philosophical evolutions.

26G: An art that enables you to meet God directly. (A rare art )

26H: Though the Jeevas in the world die, their Jeevathmas continue to live. Thuravis who can perceive everything in the world as an illusion, have learnt the art (a miraculous art) of perceiving even Jeevathmas which are alive as an illusion.

26I: A Gnani simply becomes a living demonstration of the ultimate vedantic truth "everything except Bramham is an illusion".

27G: We, who are rooted in the reality of the world and our lives in it are not totally ignorant of the fact that the world is controlled by Gods who are real. Mahan attain oneness with these Gods and find bliss. Further they realize the Gods here and attain His holy feet hereafter. 

27 H:

Thuravigal  who see everything as illusion (Maya)also see their body as illusion. If they wish can they bless illusionary human beings also.

28 A:

There is nothing wrong in  safe guarding  Ornaments, Currencies, Bank Account, Love Letters, Secret documents etc., from others sight. But if a friend adopts  some subterfuge to pry into such things, it is a crime.

28 D

Shabak a descendent of divine Egyptian dynasty has acquired the characters of a Sadhu. That is, he developed non-violence and sympathy which are unbefitting for a ruler. Hence, he dissolved the army and destroyed the weapons too. Moreover, he banned Laws that punish in his country which was devoid of crimes. Even then, he was as devoted to God as his ancestors.

On seeing his mind set, the Brahmins, were forcing him not to abolish the features which are the backbone of a regime. Moreover, they emphasised that  Laws and Justice have to be perpetuated. Years passed by. Sennacherib, an Emperor of great valour of Assyria, sent his army against Egypt. On knowing this, the citizens requested the King to permit them to stop their enemy.  Having no other choice, the Sadhu also had to oblige to the request.  As the weapons had been destroyed, workers, Labourers, Farmers, Servants, General Public grabbed what was available as weapon and rushed to the border of Egypt.  Enemies too reached the Egyptian border.  As  Sunset was approaching the war did not began. (During the period of Just Wars, it was a practice to stop the war before sunset). But on that night, the chords of the bows and the arrows were destroyed by Mouses. Startled at this unexpected event, the enemies, realising this as an intervention of God, retreated. Thus, a kingdom of Sadhu was saved by God. King Shabak  heaped praise on god happily.

God did not stop with conferring victory on him. He appeared in his dream and emphasised “ You cannot live in peace until you slay all the Brahmins”.  The King’s conscience refused to do so which is against his path of non-violence, that too killing of the Brahmins. But God did not spare the King. For seven consecutive days the same dream was sent by God.  Only then, the King realised the complete meaning of the dream. That is, he should have listened to the advice of the Brahmins then itself and also understood that God is making him realise that he is unfit to be a ruler. Hence, he went to his ancestoral country Ethiopia and undertook Vadakiruththal (Starving until death).

There is now to be seen in the temple of Vulcan, a marble statue of this king having a mouse in his hand and with this inscription,”Whoever thou art, learn, from my fortune, to reverence the Gods”(700 B.C.) – Herodutus.

 

29A: Sinners may indulge in such unreasonable argument. But even Pamarans develop such doubts. They hold on tenaciously to the well accepted tenor that everything happens by the will of God. They put an audacious question as to why God can't lead us only in the virtuous path; only He is leading us in the wrong path and human beings can't do anything about it as they have no power to violate His doings. They don't stop here. They throw a challenge that at least hereafter God should correct Himself and prepare Himself to lead the people only in the virtuous path. Only one response is possible to such an outrageous stand. If a rowdy enters the house of such a person, tries to rob articles and molest females, what will be his reaction. I leave it to your judgment to conclude whether he will attack that rowdy or he will simply look on taking it as the will of God. Those who indulge in atrocities that shock others are not ignorant of their wicked deeds. 

God has blessed living species other than human beings also with power of thinking. But they don't betray anyone. Mostly they don't pretend. They don't hanker after popularity. They are not attracted to the beautiful things in the world. Though caring, they are not attached to their families. Mainly they are free from envy and arrogance. God has invested human beings with more faculties. But they use it use it to nurture improper qualities and wicked deeds. So the Almighty doesn't induce them to enact terrible deeds.
You can understand this truth from the following explanation easily.

God has created a centre of purity in our body called "Manas". This Manas tells us only what is right. It also accepts only that which is right. Manas communicates to Arivu the righteous position in any  matter before action is commenced. This Arivu is a dangerous thing. Arivu is governed by brain or Moolai. When Arivu accepts what Manas says it requests the brain to suggest ways to complete the action in a proper manner. But these days Arivu ignores Manas, wants to fulfill its own whims and accordingly approach the brain to suggest ways and means to carry out its capricious plans. Here the brain only plays a subordinate role of having to apprise Arivu of its just or unjust, clever suggestions as demanded by it. Hence Arivu has in its power to carry out both just and unjust solutions in any matter. Hence only man uses Arivu as per his wish and it would be wrong to point accusing fingers at God for everything. 

Besides there is another thing known as thought (Ennam) functioning in us. It is possible that we may have two contradictory thoughts. For example A insults B. A thought arises in B to hit back at A. At the same time another thought arises in B to be patient in order not to aggrevate the situation. Or a  thought arises in a person to steal something.  Another thought immediately arises that stealing is a crime or  it would be bad for one's honour if caught redhanded. The(These)  contradictory thoughts narrated in both the examples  enter Manas. Arivu grasps these conflicting thoughts as soon as they enter Manas. Manas requests Arivu to adhere to patience and non stealing respectively. However Arivu takes a whimsical decision and proceeds to implement it. In other words the man in whom Manas coincides with Arivu becomes honest. When a man adopts a stance different from what his Manas dictates he becomes guilty. That is he imprisons Manas. Hence it is very clear that only man abuses his sense of discrimination  (Pagutharivu) granted by God to help him lead a honest life and God doesn't encourage him to act dishonestly. Accordingly we use the terms Nallarivu (good sense of discrimination ) and Kettarivu (bad sense of discrimination ). Since Manas is the seat of nobility, we use the term Manasakshi. (Among the organs I am Manas. Sri Krishna in Bhagavad Gita). When it is said that "Manam pona pokellam poga vendaam" it means that one should not behave whimsically. That is one should not go against the dictates of Manasakshi.

 29.G

மாறுவேஷத்தில் தெய்வ சோதனையேற்பவர் தெய்வ ஸாது.

MAARU   VESHATHIL   DHEIVA   SODHANAIYERPPAVAR    

DHEIVA  SAADHU.

He who is put to divine test incognito.

Bausis and Philmon
 

29G: In this Kali Yuga (300000 years have elapsed since the onset of the present Kali Yuga ) when people lived as Vivekis, they all followed our culture fully and meticulously. One such culture was hospitality. It is mentioned in Greek history that Parameshwara  (Jupiter ) appeared in disguise and punished a few persons who failed to observe hospitality in these times. Jupiter takes its root from Diovis or Dovis Pater. Pater = Pitha. Div=to shine. Root from Sanskrit. Similarly old Palastinians aboriginals called Parameshwara as Yahweh. Oriental Hebrews of the later period called Him Jehova. When Hebrews became Jews they made Jehova as their only God to the exclusion of all other Gods. Jehova is an artificial pronunciation of the consonants JHVH or YHWH. (Root from Sanskrit ). According to tradition the word was pronounced ya-be. This seems to indicate Jahweh or Yahweh, a pronunciation adopted by many modern scholars. 
 

Were we not discussing about hospitality? Till recent times many in our India practiced this virtue. Even today such hospitable persons are not entirely absent. But in these bad times if you try to be hospitable to unknown persons, it may land you in serious trouble. 
 

Like the Piast couple who lived in Poland about 4000 years back, a rich couple  by name Bausis (wife) and Philmon (husband) lived in Phrygia.  This country was located in the present day Turkey. This couple who believed that their wealth belonged to God and not to them set their mind on utilising the same for hospitality. In course of time, the wealth was spent altogether. Even in such indigent situation, they continued to extend hospitality to the best of their affordability. 

Parameshwara wanted to demonstrate to the world the divine status of these Daiva Sadhus who lived a life of divine virtue. Accordingly Jupiter along with Varunan (Aerial Mercury) presented THEMSELVES at the entrance of their hut in disguise(paradesi). Seeing two strangers standing at their entrance, they prostrated at their feet after duly washing (their feet) them with water in due ritual manner. Then they went round the guests three times anticlockwise with humility, seated the guests inside their house and offered them whatever they had.

Did I not say anticlockwise? Let me explain it a little bit. Our solar system along with a few more solar systems circle around a bigger sun. Accordingly people world over followed the method of Pradakshinam till the end of Dwapara Yuga. After the onset of Kali Yuga the planets in our solar system devised the method of circling our sun anticlockwise. Since Maharishis settled down in our country free of human scent before their final departure from the earth, we still follow the good old Pradakshinam system.

Let us now turn towards Deiva Sadhus. When they were thus extending hospitality to their guests, both the Gods appeared in their original form. At the same time their hut was transformed into a rare temple. The Gods after blessing the couple, appointed them as priests of the temple before vanishing from there. Having served in the temple till they became very old, they prayed to the God for simultaneously attaining His feet. Bhagavan granted their wish through an incorporeal voice (Asariri). Finally God not only granted their final wish but also transformed their bodies into two sacred trees (Sthala Vrikshas) in the temple.

Pages 47 - 75

 

36 D: A Viveki who is an artist won't feel bad if he happens to earn much less than what he deserves. He will convince himself with the truth that Bhagavan gives him in proportion to the good deeds (Punyam) he has done in his previous birth. But a Pamaran who is an artist won't be contented even if he receives considerable income. This is nothing but avarice.

37 B. Nowadays felons treat their benefactors as debtors.

39D: Though we have knowledge of a lot of our Puranas, we have the habit of reading/listening to Ramayanam repeatedly. The reason for this is that Ramayanam has depicted the ideal ways in which we who are engaged in various worldly professions should function. That is only in this incarnation, God was born as a normal human being but as a prince in the stage of Siranda Viveki. He neither  functioned as an Avatara Mahan with divine powers nor as a Thuravi who can perform miraculous deeds. He was unlike Sri Krishna who revealed His real power now and then. Hence He was subjected to pleasures and miseries like any common man. Hence He had to seek the help of Sugriva to wage a war with Lankeshwara. Besides, petty minded persons debate the matter of the killing of Vaali. This is unnecessary. A king has the right to punish one who indulges in improper deeds. Though there was a hitch in killing Vaali, it wouldn't have affected Sri Rama had He incarnated as an Avatara Mahan or a special incarnation of God. Since Sri Rama was a king who is entitled to eliminate those with improper conduct, one shouldn't see any wrong in Rama's act of killing Vaali from a hiding position.

42B: Till the final phase of British rule, people of India lived as human beings. But within a few years of attaining happy independence, a majority of boys have become adept in deriding noble men, insulting them with improper words and larceny. Students have progressed in stone throwing, setting property on fire, committing atrocities with gay abandon and attacking teachers. Needless to explain much about the groups that attack capitalists and destroy their property.

42G: Brahmins of the ancient world treated those who belonged to less evolved of other countries as children. We can't know with any amount of certainty which civilizations reigned supreme in the historic times. However Christian scholars who researched on Greek books had great admiration for Greek civilization. Greeks who have compiled the world history in detail compiled their own history as well. Yes, there are no two words that Greece functioned in the pinnacle of civilization. Neighboring countries which have attained expertise in astronomy, astrology, mathematics, philosophy, witchcraft, literature, medicine, divinity and sculpture came in search of Athens. Plato who is admired even today by Christian scholars lived only in Athens. Greece had this greatness till 2350 years ago, ie, before the advent of Alexander. However all this greatness is no match for Egyptian eminence as made clear by Egyptologists.

When Greek Brahmins  (Philosophers) with Solon as their leader went to meet Egyptian Brahmins. The latter made them understand that the Greeks could not rise above the level of children. They said, "Oh Solon, Oh Solon!! You Hellenes are but Children, and there can't be an old man among you by ancient tradition, nor any science with hoary age". Plato has completely endorsed such statement of Egyptians in his book Tiameus. Similarly a French scholar by name Rene Guenon has mentioned in his book,  "However we can't recall an occasion when just this same opinion was expressed by a Hindu Brahmin who, in hearing the ideas certain Western Philosophers expounded for the first time, was so far from being impressed that he declared them fit, at best, for a boy of eight years".

44C&F: Though contemporary Brahmins have lost much of the divine merit of ancient Brahmins it should be pointed out that most of them even now excel in education, honesty, administration, responsibility, skill and character. Many foreign scholars who understood their greatness have appreciated them.

The caste system. Moreover proves its legitimacy by its results.  We do not think, writes a missionary on the subject of the Brahmins-that there is to be found in the world an aristocratic home, even a royal family, that has defended itself so pitilessly against every contagion; every base marriage, every taint whether physical or moral.  That is why, speaking personally, we cannot conceal the fact that our contact with this splendid caste has left us truly dazzled and has affected us in the bottom of our heart, with profound sympathy.  To the dignity of plastic beauty the Brahmin plainly unites that of intelligence.  Especially he is endowed in an extraordinary degree, with capacity for the abstract science, philosophy and above all mathematics.  “ A man, who in this subject, is certainly one of the most celebrated in South India and a member of the higher council of Professor of Madras University, the Revd.Father Honore has declared to us that the average ability of countless Brahmin pupils, whose instructor he has been during half a century of teaching, greatly exceeded not only the average but even the higher run of our students in the Universities of Europe.”  There is no doubt that caste 9here it is a case of Vaisyas and sudras) offers many advantages to its members.  It makes their work as light, easy, pleasant and honourable as possible, cuts out competition, distributes a given volume of work among the largest possible number of available persons, looks after them in case of unemployment and defends their interest by the most various means.  On the other hand the fact a profession is transmitted from father to son ensures in many respects, the equality of the work through heredity a man reaches an almost organic qualification for a particular activity, in a manner that would otherwise hardly be realizable, at the same time manner that would otherwise hardly be realizable; at the same time technical secrets are transmitted which allow the craftsman to produce the masterpieces by the use of the most primitive means.  Lastly the stabilisation of Hindu Society and the preserving of its civilisation…”(Helmuth von Glassernap: Der Hinduisms).

Besides, an English collector who is full of praise for Brahmin employees has described their tuft, sandal, Thiruman on forehead, studs (kadukann), ring, Panchakacham, shirt, turban etc and appreciated their speedy disposal of papers, administrative competence, admirable conduct, suggestions offered on important problems and finally expressed his great admiration for their intelligence, honesty and sense of responsibility.

Further, he has appreciated their pure vegetarian food, their abstaining from foods that promoted improper behavior and observance of a few hygienic rules.

Besides, Abbas Ali, a Chief Presidency Magistrate, says: "During my long tenure not even one Brahmin entered the box as accused. Finally one Brahmin entered the box but was duly acquitted after intensive investigation". 

45 I: Lingam is the symbol of THAT which is the substratum of all other creations in each and every universe. Right from the unicellular organism which is invisible to our eyes to the mammoth stars/planets and Gods, have this Lingam principle as their base. It can be called Kadavul or Bramham. Our ancient Maharishis who were in touch with Gods, established Kadavul in the form of Lingam in order that people become aware of the existence of something called Kadavul. Since we are incapable of  experiencing Kadavul they consecrated (Avaahanam) Lingam as the primary God and named it Parameshwaran. Parameshwaran is the ruler of a greater part of the big Solar System  (Periya Suriya Mandalam). The general public of the ancient world who have witnessed the functioning of Gods with proof also worshipped the one and only Kadavul in the form of Lingam.

Note: Big Sun = Our solar system along with a few others, circle around Big Sun as their center.

48D: As long as we don't get to move intimately with a Sadhu, we shall never be able to make out his rare traits. But if it so happens that we get to move with one intimately we shall feel like treating him with hearty love and even humility. Further we shall also be prepared to fulfill his needs. That is, we become attracted to him. This attraction is not the sinful type caused by collirium. Such sinful attraction is short lived. The collirium used for attracting others is manufactured by sinful means. But the attraction we feel for Sadhus is a virtue and happens spontaneously.

We confuse admiration with popularity. A Sadhu will never be able to attain popularity. But a popular person becomes famous throughout the country irrespective of the fact whether he is good or bad or whether we know him or not. Popularity may be attained by Viveki and those functioning below Viveki level. But admiration can happen only to a Sadhu. As a good, popular person receives love from the public, a Sadhu receives admiration from those who move with him. Normally even milk becomes sour on constant use (familiarity breeds contempt). But when you move with a Sadhu, the milk becomes nectar. Praise can be indulged in certain other appropriate situations. But these days we are constrained to attribute imaginary praise on undeserving but popular persons.

53 F: Chitharanjan Das (C. R. Das) a puritanand bar-at-law was a native of Bengal. Hailed as a Mahapurushar (great human being), he was unanimously elected to the post of Mayor of the Calcutta Corporation. He was one of the leaders who steered the Congress party during the time of our freedom struggle. But he did not endorse a few agitation strategies that were taught to the citizens by Gandhi. Note that C.R. Das repaid his grandfather’s debt. His grandfather had to declare insolvency as he was unable to repay the sum of approximately 2 crore rupees he had borrowed. C.R. Das repaid this sum with interest.

                

53 G & H: The process of our births according to the sins, mistakes, wrongdoings, and taints we commit are birth of debts. That is, we are reborn to repay the debts of those actions. Besides, assuming the best duties towards transcending bondage are debts of birth as well. It is to be realized that a birth in which everything is given up culminating in absolute surrender to God, is a debt unto the divine. Thuravis do not take birth due to any such debt. They appear to witness the power of Maya (One God) and to experience bliss. ‘Gnaanis appear due to the grace of Aanapiraan (Aanapiraan arutperaal avatharippavar Gnaaniyaavar’). We realize from the greats belonging to the last two levels that it is possible for a man to attain powers that are beyond our   imagination, and that there exists a concept called ‘Advaitam’.

53( E)& H. Between each our human birth,  God ordains us to be born as various creatures. Such births as creatures running in to several crores in number, have been decreed up to the level of Deiva Saadhu. Hence, supreme devotees, beseech God to not let them forget Him, even if they are to be reborn as worms.

 

62 F: A Saadhu upon observing one who procrastinates  in attending to time bound work, indulges in unnecessary worry regarding the timely completion of the work.

 

62 G. Deiva Saadhus such as Ilayaankudi Maara Naayanaar, Moorthi Naayanaar, Arivaal Thaaya Naayanaar, Kunkiliya Naayanaar, Moorkka Naayanaar, Kanapulla Naayanaar etc. completed their divine assignments even under duress. Find the histories of the aforementioned Naayanmaars in ‘The History of the 63 Naayanmaars’.

 

62 H. The one who realizes the objective of human birth and surrenders to ‘God as his sole refuge’ transcending worldly interests, is the one for whom  God undertakes responsibility of, for accepting him unto His holy feet.

 

63G: Mutrina Vivekis are bereft of both peace and anger. Besides most of the rich, mighty, saints, Anandas etc are never go through tense moments and hence may be thought of as Evolved persons. But if somebody chances to irritate them, they will beat Pamarans in the matter of becoming angry.

63I: Thuravis have conquered anger. Even if they take up anger, they will not cause any harm to anyone.

65B: A Daiva Sadhu though meat eating has completed all the previous stages. But if he commits an inappropriate deed, he may be born as Daiva Sadhu again in a lower caste.

65C: Even when I was younger most of the persons from upper castes never killed poisonous insects. If they are found at home, they will simply touch them with cowdung and throw the cowdung out. These insects will feed on the cowdung and come out as soon as it dries up. These days we incur the minor sin (dosham) of killing poisonous insects.

65D: In general Gods have accorded more importance to serpents unlike a few beings that are treated like Gods. Paramasivan has worn a serpent as an ornament on His head. Mahavishnu has made a serpent His bed. There are temples in names such as Naganathan, Negeshwaran etc. The public even now follow the custom of enshrining statues of serpents under Peepul trees by the side of water bodies (Naga Prathishtai). In the last century, (19th century) when majority of the public were functioning as noble persons  (Pamaran) in our country, some divine presence was there in the country. Even in these times, women who did Naga Prathishtai were blessed with children. In the times gone by, there were temples in provinces where a lot of importance was accorded to serpent Gods and where serpents moved about freely. They don't bite anyone who comes to these temples. One person stole an article from such a temple in Kerala and kept it at his home. Later when he went to pick up the stolen article, it appeared as a serpent.

These serpent Gods were prevalent in all countries which adopted the divine religion. From the ancient paintings, bas-reliefs and historical references, it is apparent that people worshipped serpent Gods. Women celebrated serpent festivals. World over symbols of serpents were fitted on ornaments. They were prominent in the crown of kings. In our temples and ancient buildings we can see symbols similar to a serpent's head.

Once a magician uttered serpent Mantra and ordained the serpent to stand still. The serpent too stood still. It is customary to release the serpents bound by the Mantra within a short span. But this magician who had some outside work thought that he can come back and release the serpent. Once outside, he forgot the whole matter. However remembering the incident after a few hours, he ran back to the place. Alas, he found the serpent covered by thousands of ants. A serpent gave up its life for the sake of Truth (Dharma).

Our spine which extends from our back to head is compared to a serpent and I have heard that Kundalini which is a great Atmic power can be aroused through the serpentine spine. But after I grasped the history of ancient Egypt, I realized that the Egyptian Brahmins possessed this unique Atmic power.

If we happen to see serpents, they will simply move away on their own. They never chase human beings to bite them. If we are destined, we can never escape. We commit the mistake of killing snakes out of fear for snake bite. A few upper caste people who never trouble serpents still live in  India. Hebrews worshipped a serpent God by name Nakushsthan.

Apart from all the above, the people of the ancient countries  world over were aware of a myth that our world is borne by a serpent along with an elephant which in turn were borne by a turtle. Though the Greeks accepted a later myth that our world is borne by a Raakshadan (demon) by name Atlas, they were also aware of our myth through research of  their ancient scriptures.  Serpent is bound by truth. Elephant has the wonderful wisdom to carry out the instructions of its Mahut. A turtle like a Gnani pulls all its four legs and head into its shell. This is symbolic of how a man should liberate himself through step by step evolution.

65G: During the times when Brahmins had direct contact with Gods, they were permitted by Gods to perform Yagnas. Gods expressed happiness with proof for such sacrificial acts. In a few former periods of time, in a few countries, Gods appeared in the fire pots (Yaga Gundam) to accept their part of the offerings called Havir Baagam and vanish later. Besides the animals that were used in the Yagnas were promoted directly to a good human birth bypassing other births destined for them. Besides, during the period of Yagnas Brahmins were bound to observe stringent rules of conduct and were also obliged to taste a bit of the sacrificial animal's flesh (Vapai). Hence it is a mistake on the part of average human beings like us (Note Sir's humility) to question a divine arrangement that is beyond our comprehension.  Before the advent of Christianity every country in the world performed such Yagnas. Besides we should not forget the fact that the same Bhagavan who creates all living beings is also taking away their lives in a horrendous manner. We can't appreciate the subtleties behind Yagnas. We must concede the justification in sacrificial acts of Yagnas given the fact that Egyptian Brahmins had the power to send the smell of such sacrificial smoke to the world of Gods. An Egyptologist who had spoken of Egyptians Brahmins as extraordinary human beings has mentioned, "The Egyptian Brahmins who at any other time disdained even at the sight of the meat, were obliged to taste during sacrificial occasion." Further, during these sacrilegious times, use of animals may not only be futile but also sinful.

66D: After the death of Julius Caesar, his son in law Augustus occupied the throne of Rome in 19BC as its first emperor. Vespesian, the 7th emperor, though meritorious, showed leniency to those at fault with an eye on popularity. Helvidius who was the chief minister and a Siranda Viveki, censured the king for this trait unbecoming of a king, openly in the assembly. Initiated early in the doctrines of the Stoic school and confirmed in the pride of virtue, he saw the arts by which Vespesian notwithstanding the rigour of his nature, courted popularity and did not scruple to say that liberty and artifices were dangerous for a ruling principle.  In the senate he spoke his mind with unbounded freedom.  Vespesian bore his opposition to the measures of government with patience and silent dignity.  He knew the virtues of the man and retained a due esteem for him.  Willing on that account to live on terms with Helvidius, he advised him to be for the future a silent senator.  The pride of a Stoic spurned at the advice.  Passive obedience was so repugnant to his principles that he stood more firm in opposition,  Vespesian was at length induced to let the proceedings of the senate take their course.  Helvidius was arraigned by the Fathers and ordered to be banished and in consequence of an order form Rome, put to death. Vespesian 69- 79 A.D.

Not even 100 years were over, since Poland adopted Christianity. But for accepting Jesus as the sole God, the people continued their old religious customs similar to our worship. At this juncture a very virtuous man appeared there. He was a Christian who was an expert in scriptures/philosophy of divine culture and was celebrated as "Man of the World" by wise men. Coming to know of his greatness, the chief priest sent him the title Bishop which he reluctantly  accepted. During the time of this bishop by name Stanislaus, Boleslaw II was the king of Poland. Boleslaw II was engaged in evil ways in spite of the repeated advices of the bishop. Hence the bishop excommunicated the king and also stopped a traditional sacred honour that was being accorded to him in front of the altar in the local church. One day as usual when the bishop was delivering a lecture in a chapel on a hillock, the king reached the foot of the hill with his soldiers. The bishop who knew his end beforehand thought of it as actual deliverence. The lecture got over. The king came up the hillock and entered the chapel. Stanislaus who was intuitively aware of the king's visit stood still in front of the altar. The king prompted the soldiers. Though the soldiers tried to attack the bishop with their swords, they were pushed away thrice (by an unknown force), it is said. Finally the king himself lunged forward and executed the vengeful act with a stroke of his sword. Such Siranda Vivekis who fulfill their duties are promoted by God to the next stage with a few concessions as well. Boleslaw 1058-1082 AD.

MEIPORUL NAYANAR

66E: Meiporul Nayanar a just king (Manu Vendar), who considered worshipping of devotees of Siva (Sivanadiyaar) as a service defeated his neighbor king Mukthanaadan who tried to invade his kingdom, many a time convincingly. Hence Mukthanaadan adopted a subterfuge to eliminate his rival king. He disguised himself as a Sivanadiyaar and reached the palace of Meiporul Nayanar. The personal guard of the king by name Dathan who smelt a rat stood guarding  the king. The king too felt something fishy. However sticking to his principle that no disrespect should be shown to anyone even in the outfit of Sivanadiyaar the king showed his visitor all traditional acts of reverence and stood there bowing. Mukthanaadan ordained others out of the room under the pretext that he is going to give some secret initiation to Meiporul Nayanar.  Dathan waited alertly  in the next room. However the king was subjected to the scimitar of Mukthanaadan. Knowing this Dathan pounced on Mukthanaadan with his sword.  However the king stopped Dathan and told him that it is a heinous sin to injure a Sivanadiyaar. Further he instructed Dathan to escort the Sivanadiyaar safely out of his country's border. By now the entire city was boiling in anger. It is not easy to describe the efforts of Dathan in ensuring a safe passage to Mukthanaadan by telling the public the king's take on the whole unfortunate incident. The king who was concerned about the safety of the Sivanadiyaar waited anxiously for the return of Dathan. Finally Dathan who escorted the fake Sivanadiyaar safely into his border returned and informed the king that he has completed the mission as ordained. Upon hearing this the king heaved a sigh of relief when a rare light appeared there. The king's Jeevan left his body. That is Lord Siva received the king. So we should know that the life of Daiva Sadhu was made to stay in his mortal frame till that moment.

A Chola king who wanted to renovate the temple of Thiruvarur handed over the job to his minister. The minister who was functioning at the level of Daiva Sadhu started the preparations right in earnest and had the rocks brought for the purpose from a suitable hill. Whenever he visited Thiruvarur on work, he also worshipped the Kshetras on the way. There was one such temple which was in a slightly dilapidated state. Using this as an opportunity, Lord Siva wanted to demonstrate the devotion of the Daiva Sadhu to the people. Accordingly Bhagavan appeared in the dream of Daiva Sadhu and instructed him to renovate his temple. Feeling exuberant at the direct instructions of Bhagavan, the minister resolved to complete the renovation asap. Hence he instructed the workers to offload part of the stones meant for the Thiruvarur temple in the village and go about completion of the renovation  of the second temple without any delay.

When the king came to know about the renovation in another temple due to which the renovation of Thiruvarur temple was getting delayed he became angry and rushed to the village where the renovation without his permission was happening. The king was not willing to let the minister explain his capricious act. The miniser too was unwilling to explain himself. The king ordered decapitation of the minister in his presence. The minister approached the king and made a request to the effect that the punishment be executed in front of the temple in the presence of God Himself. The punishment was carried out accordingly. But the head of the minister that was felled on the sannadhi street rolled shouting Aandava! Aandava! towards the sacrosanctum and disappeared there with a light. Bhagavan demonstrated the greatness of Daiva Sadhu in this manner and absorbed him. From that time, the village bears the name Aandavan Kovil (Aandaan Kovil). Hence even unnatural deaths don't become bad deaths in the case of Daiva Sadhus.

Kalikama Nayanar who considered Sundaramoorthy Swamigal his sworn enemy committed suicide, unwilling to cure his ailment  (Soolai Noi) through Swamigal. But Thyagesan revived Nayanar who was a Daiva Sadhu and united them too.

Though the name of Sivas differ from temple to temple, they are one and the same. The same Thyagesa who was sitting in Thiruvarur was also sitting in Aandaan Kovil. It is the same case with Vishnu temples as well.

67 A:

 

While it is sinful to kill animals, it is a heinous sin to kill cows. The cow is an animal    that  exclusively created by God, for the betterment of mankind. God has sanctified  each and every part of the cow. Its dung, urine, air emanating from its being, and the dust that springs from its hoofs, are aspects that improve our health and intellect.     The worship of cows based on Shaastraas, blesses us with virtuous benefits, while  granting us a few privileges in our journey as human beings.

 

Generally, houses with their floors smeared with cow dung, provide coolness during summer and warmth during winter. Moreover, germs emanating from our breath are eliminated while living in such houses. That’s not all! When poisonous gases enter    these houses, the smeared cow dung absorbs them and saves our lives. Explosive  gases resulting from the explosion of an Ordinary  venomous bomb do not affect the inhabitants of such houses. Small insects such as ants, and venomous creatures do not generally dwell on floors that are smeared with cow dung. Washing of house entrances with a water-and-dung solution can prevent hot air from entering in. Even at extremely hot temperatures, these entrances are cool enough    not to scald one’s feet. KUTHIR  that are made with cow dung ensure the grains are safe from spoilage and infestation. Decomposed cow dung is a better fertilizer than  any others available, apart from being more hygienic. Diluted cow dung has been in   use among people of a few countries, in treating patients bitten by venomous creatures,   especially snakes.

 

Similar to how plants absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen for our benefit,        kurutholai banana plant, leaves of the mango tree, poovan banana, coconuts,      tender coconut water, vilvam leaves, holy basil, a few other flowers etc. are capable of                 eliminating germs that emanate constantly from our being, apart from those in our    exhalation. Hence they were used at places of public gathering. These germs cannot be seen with the help of any lenses. Camphor, incense, sandalwood, attar,  javadhu, musk etc. strengthen in organs like Lungs, Heart as well as help maintain healthy      blood pressure levels. In ancient times, these fragrant substances were used in        plenty by kings of every country, in temples of their native deities.

 

The dung of cows that consume bermuda grass(Arugampul) is very potent. Sacred  ash manufactured from such dung helps improve our physical as well as spiritual      faculties, apart from providing relief from effects of black magic. Moreover, accepting such sacred ash through the fingers of Uyar Vivekis (Saadhus) can alleviate most of our troubles.

To the extent of our observation, the Babylonians and the Egyptians used cow dung for a variety of purposes. The smoke emerging from sacred fires fuelled by dried      dung cakes, pipal twigs, and holy utterances, are capable of protecting our eyes from ailments. Such oblations were a token of immense gratitude towards Gods. A           Babylonian account says that a holy man referred to as Nuhan, who escaped           apocalypse, performed a yagnya with pipal twigs, for the Gods. It is important to        understand that all the essential nutrients required by us, have been blessed to us by God in the form of cow’s milk.

 

Lord Sri Krishna called himself Gopalan, and this should indicate to us the                sacredness of the cow. Let me mention another thing here. The Buddha devotees     (not Buddhists) who functioned as Hindus during the first century, travelled to           Palestine to propagate the greatness of Buddha. The Palestinian scholars asked       these Buddha devotees about our scriptures. Our people gave them a general          account of our epics and also narrated the history of Lord Krishna. The creators of    the Bible fabricated the birth of Jesus to resemble that of Lord Krishna. Moreover,    Jesus has been depicted as a shepherd king who protects goats, much like Lord       Krishna shepherding cows.

 

 

67 F:

 

As we do not worry or grieve over deaths of ants, mosquitoes or other insects in our houses, a Mutrina Viveki does not undergo a change of heart even when he loses a member of his family.

68G: Those who were cat and mouse in the previous birth, might become an intimate couple in this birth. In the next birth one might be born as a felon and the other might be born as a judge handing over death sentence to the former. Besides, a debtor of previous birth may be born as our son in this birth. We sell our meager assets and help him complete his higher education. He also receives an appointment order for a lucrative post. At the same time the son meets with his end. That is! we repay our dues in a previous birth in this manner. It is not that we Hindus are totally unaware of these truths even today. Even then we who are totally disconnected with each other are unable to avoid attachment as family, relation, outsider etc out of sheer ignorance. But unlike us Mutrina Vivekis understand the truth, "that these persons have stayed in many other places and only happen to stay with us in this birth" and conduct themselves accordingly in their family affairs.

 

68D: Even after Greeks advanced in modern civilization  (BC 500-400), Romans focused on divinity, purity etc. Rome was ruled by an assembly of wise men known as Consuls. I have narrated below an incident that happened in 4th century BC.

An inimical neighbouring country was tormenting Rome now and then. The chief of the assembly  (Consuls) by name Manlius ordered his son to subdue the antagonist in tune with a decision taken in the assembly. The son however exceeded his brief by conquering a few more countries nearby and appeared before his father with the spoils . Seeing this, the father unhesitatingly ordered the military officials to be present forthwith.  Now the father turned towards his son  and spoke thus. "Without the slightest of regards for the orders of the august assembly or your mighty father, you have exceeded your brief showing your (valour) bravery in a capricious manner. Rome today stands violated in its probity by your misdeed which was so far guarded impeccably by the Gods of Rome. Though, you have made me and this assembly a party to this violation of the probity of Rome, only you and I should face the consequences of your misdeed, as it would be unreasonable to pass on the same to the assembly. Though it may be seen by the posterity as a miserable incident, let it be a lesson for the eminence of the nation. Without doubt, a father’s natural love and that proof of courage deceived by empty glory move me in thy favour.  But since it is necessary by thy death to sanction the orders of the consuls or by thy pardon forever to nullify them, I do not think if there runs a drop of our blood in thy veins that thou wilst refuse to restore by thy punishment military discipline, which has been overthrown by the error.  Go, lictor, tie him to the stake.”

This argument which ends like a thunderbolt is terrible because it is so sudden. Judge by this example to what an extent Roman zeal was carried.  In the soul of the magistrates here seemed to exist a permanent tribunal which was ever ready to deliver judgement.  They had no need to raise themselves above their own level in order to attain self denial; it came naturally to them.  In the same way the savages of America tranquillity offered up their limbs for torture and by education, temperament, habit and nature mocked at what the martyrs with all their exaltation dared hardly face.  Manlius was a Siranda Viveki.  Even Vivekis hand out such punishment.

Even during recent times a boss, a teacher and the head of a family had the right to punish errant youngsters. This is very essential for the welfare of a nation. Nowadays those who are strict are punished. Peter the Great, removed his son from the world., whose conduct was unbecoming of his royal family  and who committed a mistake.

69H:  Thuravis though omnipotent will not harm anyone in the least. If they wish so, they may demonstrate their miraculous Atmic powers.

71(G)H: A Manu Vendan  (a king who rules by the principles laid down by Manu) will give up his life in penitence even if one criminal appears during his regime. They  get concessions in the matter of  births.

75H: Purandara Dasar who was supremely devoted towards Pandurangan,  happened to develop a relationship with a Dasi. Pandurangan didn't allow this relationship to continue. Bhagavan visited the Dasi’s House in the form of Purandara Dasar and put on her His golden bangles (Pon Kaapu). The bangles were missing from the hands of Panduranga in the temple. There was lot of commotion in the temple. At the same time the Dasi entered the temple and the workers in the temple saw the missing bangles on her person. Dasi informed them on enquiry that they were given to her by Purandara Dasar.  Dasar was  sent to prison. After many days an ircorporeal voice announced one day, "My Dasan is innocent". At the same time, the workers at the temple informed the prison officials that the bangles that had been melted are seen again on the hands of Bhagavan. In this incident, Bhagavan not only gave a minor punishment to his devotee for his,  but also demonstrated exceptional treatment for the devotee's Daiva Sadhu state. He has composed a lot of hymns on Pandurangan. Further, he has laid down a few rules for the way in which Carnatic music should be sung. From these incidents no one should come to the conclusion that all Daiva Sadhus are subject to extra marital affairs. If they come under the sway of carnal desires, it is neither a fault nor a mistake.

75G: In countries world over there was no need to supervise the conduct of women as long as they observed their Dharma. In general women especially younger ones avoided appearing in front of other men and practiced 'Gosha'. Gosha is not a specific Muslim practice. It was almost world wide. In Kerala wives in Nambudiri caste followed the system of Gosha. But this was not the case with Kerala Muslims. Most of our north Indians conceal their faces with cloth even today. In China, women never desired to see other men. At a later time, in China they adopted a technic to control the nerves in the foot region of female children, thereby ensuring that they walked in a modest manner without much speed. Finally, a number of arches were erected in the streets of China in the name of women who lead virtuous lives.

In the past women were married during childhood. After they become daughters in laws, mothers in law taught them strictly about their conduct as wives in family. The daughters in law who put these teachings meticulously into practice in their own lives passed on the same to their daughters in law on their becoming mothers in law. Our ancestors had established this kind of woman's collage without pen and paper at each home. Yes, they were much more intelligent and healthier. Women carried out all their duties in an appropriate manner. By discharging all their mundane duties, men ensured that they remained healthy. The challenge of our government to drive away all diseases from our country is just impossible. (As if)  Our ancestors were fools who didn't even know hospitals whereas we celebrate with pride proliferation of lakhs of hospitals is proof of "Cure is better than prevention". In the times gone by, there was no job oriented education. These days, daughters in law are transferred from mothers in law. If they happen to stay under the same roof, they happen to function as snake and mongoose. Or attempts are for separate family (Thani Kudithanam). In short, women have not only given up womanhood, but also willing to adopt an opposite stance.

In general as long as women maintained their conduct and fulfilled their responsibilities, men were watchful about their proper conduct. Till recent times, strangers behaved honorably and respectfully towards women. As a thumb rule women were better in appropriate conduct than men. As far as the family  life was concerned, women were the heads and  ensured that nothing went wrong in their family lives. Further by teaching parables and devotional practices to their children, they imbibed honesty and character in them. This kind of household education  (Thinnai kalvi) stood them in good stead till their final days. I must express my concern about the almost complete disappearance of such 'University Professors' these days which ensured people grew up as human beings. Happy at being treated honorably by their husbands, women were not willing to trade away their womanhood. They also did not develop interest in irrelevant affairs outside their homes.

Women of the past were outstanding in intelligence and practical worldly knowledge. They never  tried to shoot from their hips. They delivered children normally at their homes. They did not suffer from scarcity of mother's milk like the present generation. They didn't adopt modern culture. By following ancient practices, they prevented the deadly diseases that have become common these days. Minor diseases (internal and external) which cause us so much fear these days, will be automatically (got)cured in the past. Their blood was very pure. The main reason for this hygienic atmosphere was mothers functioning as doctors at home. Finally, they brought up children properly and made them virtuous.

The ideal caste systems turns upon three pivots, none of which can be displaced without utter ruin to the whole, viz, the regulation of daily life, the preservation of caste dharmas and the observance of the shastric injunctions as to the marital choice and marital duty. Especially important is the place of woman hood in the caste system.  Well has it been said: All dharmas have woman as their whole cause.  Sir Andrew Wingate said years ago: ‘ I believe the men of India would have long ago been lost, had it not been for the noble woman hood of India.  When the womanhood of India leave the sanctuary of the home and get drunk with the wines of the new irrelevant knowledge and the new indiscriminate freedom, then will begin the decline and fall of India and not till then’.

Haskel Frankel says; In every age but this one, society has punished the lady who ceased to be a lady.  It is only in this strange time that the lady who strays is rewarded while society is punished.  Her reward and the society’s punishment is one of those ‘ as told to’ books, in which modern heroine, loose of both tongue and morals can lick her chops over her struggle with drugs, alcohol, or any handy form of  degradation.

77C: As far as Greece was concerned the city of Corinth bore Devadaasis with pride. Even elderly statesmen treated them with honor.

77D: A woman who has risen above carnal desires is a Viveki. If such a woman thinks how fortunate it would have been had she become the wife of a highly virtuous person, it is not a fault. Only the intention is important here.

77E: In ancient countries, there were women priests  in some temples where Devadaasis undertook some ritual services to Gods. There were temples which were devoid of male scent. Women who did service in these temple lead an inviolable virtuous life. They courted impeccable conduct.  For example,  Vestales – The virgin priestesses of Vesta who kept unceasing watch over the sacred fire in the goddess’s temple.  They were instituted by Numa, on the model of a similar college at Alba Longa.  Only patrician virgins were eligible and violation of their vow on continence was punished with burial alive, while for neglecting the  sacred fire and allowing it to be extinguished, they were flogged by the Pontifex Maximus.  They were treated with great reverence by all the people and even the consul had to lower his face in token of reverence when he met them and they occupied a conspicuous position at all solemnities.  Their period of service usually extend over thirty years, but they rarely returned to the outer world. In addition to guarding the fire they had to keep the temple clean and maintain the sanctity.  From the inviolability of the shrine, wills and documents of importance were intrusted to them.

As long as Dharma was protected at Rome, none of these virtuous maidens were subjected to punishment. Cybele Devi showed a lot of affection on them. Also called Ceres this Devi had a major presence in a 14 day celebration (Uthsavam) known as Eliyunisia. An important aspect of this celebration was the divine and Atmic vision experienced by Brahmins. Besides on each day of the Uthsavam public and especially married women  (Sumangalis) attired in white dress enacted scenes depicting divine acts enthusiastically. Are we not aware of the symbols and power of our Gods? Similarly let us also know a little about Cybele. Cybele, a goddess was variously identified with Ceres, Rhea, Ops, Vesta,  Bona Dea & C.  Her worship was introduced in antiquity into Phrygia by Atys and there the Corybantes (the eunuch priests) most solemnly celebrated her festival.  Cybele was generally represented as a robust woman, pregnant ( to intimate the fertility of the earth), holding a key or a sceptre in her hand and her head adorned with a crown or oak leaves or riding in a chariot drawn by two lame lions, with Atys following, carrying a globe in his hand and leaning on a fir tree (sacred to Cybele -  Sthala viruksham).  At times she has many breasts and bears two lions under her arms.

Did I not mention about Vestal Virgins? One among them was Claudia. She was accused of becoming impure. However Claudia refuted the charges. However she was slapped with punishment. However the punishment was postponed since Cybele Ambal was on a visit to Italy to establish her primary abode there.

I have said that Cybele Ambal had her main temple at Eleusus in Greece. Later she ordered a shift to Rome through Sybiline. Accordingly Romans received her statue which was brought from Greece with incantations and executed a ritual boat ride (Theppothsavam) in the sacred river of Tiber. When they neared Rome the ship ran aground. Apprehensive of such an inauspicious sign, the elders in Rome approached Devi. At the same time an incorporeal voice announced this. "Claudia who has been punished by you out of wrongful suspicion is highly pure. She will bring the ship that is stuck ashore". As soon as this was communicated to Claudia who was in custody she reached Tiber, tied the ship to her hip with a rope and hauled it effortlessly ashore to its due spot. 

A temple was constructed specially for Cybele Ambal in Rome. Once a year (VI.Kal.April) the sacro sanctum including  sacred hall (Artha Mandapam) were washed ceremoniously  (Samprokshanam) with the sacred water fetched from Almon river. Most of such divine excellence started vanishing from Rome many years ahead of the time of Julius Caesar. If we say more, greatness of womanhood registered a slight declineonly in Rome.  Atmic schools degenerated into sophisticated schools of philosophy only in Rome. Mixing good with bad, proliferation of modern cities took root only in Rome. People began to cut lose from societal restrictions only in Rome. Christianity substituted divine religion only in Rome. Even in these times, Rome was not bereft of a few virtuous persons. Besides till a Christian regime was established there, that is till  Christianity and Divine Religion co existed , divine portents kept appearing time and again. However the presiding deity announced the appearance of an atheistic religion even in the times of Cladius, the emperor. An incorporeal voice that declared "Great PAN is dead", reverberated around the regions of Adriatic sea prompting the wise men at Rome to prophesy the appearance of an atheistic religion and the disappearance of the divine religion.

78F: Will a Mutrina Viveki who is fully aware of the fact that he has no connection whatsoever with a Jeevarasi (soul) that has taken N number of births and that will yet enter N number of bodies,  going to focus on his wife's conduct?

79H & I: Males can't reach Mahan level until they renounce worldly attachments totally and develop undivided attachment for God. But a wife can reach Mahan level by renouncing worldly desires and enslaving herself completely to God, especially husband. Such women will be born as males in the next birth and reach Thuravi level.

81D: A Sadhu will use the property that comes to him for the benefit of his relatives for the fear that   unknown to him, any of them may have some right on the same.

81E: Brahmins are obliged to discharge ritualistic Karmas to their ancestors such as Devas and Maharishis.

84F: Ancient Brahmins announce beforehand the pros and cons of problems through Homa Yagnas.

84G: Bhagavan can make a Mahan appear in front of a person. But the Mahan in question is unaware of the same.

85B: Saplings are planted in gardens, fields and roads. Those who prompt their goats and cattle to graze  on them are heinous sinners. Similarly those who cut down trees on roads is also a heinous sinner. Such sins have proliferated ever since we got independence. If any conscious person tries to stop such villains, they are admitted to the hospital in a few seconds.

85 C: Even if it is of one's own tree, it should not be cut down before it is ripe. Further, only after two trees are grown, a third should be  used. Those who cut down trees in an unruly manner will  lose their limbs in their next human birth.

87D: Among the charities recommended by scriptures, charity of trees (Vruksha Daanam) is also one. Other than highways, (roads leading to graveyard, village, Space in the vicinity of temple, banks of river, pond, Market Places etc), those who plant at least one sapling  or sow a seed  and take care of it till they become trees, or undertake such responsibility without any remuneration, or pay for such work, they are supposed to fulfil one aspect of Vivekam.

85F:
Among the plants, creepers and trees, found in the world, some are detrimental while some are conductive to health.  Plants that promote as well as detrimental to health of human beings are there in the earth. Breathing the air exhaled by a few plants regularly affect virtue, encourage aggression and  carnal instinction in human beings. A harmful plant known as Veli Karuvai that is permeating our country is very unacceptable. This plant can simply
suck out all the nutrients on land and make it barren. Besides, most of the Crotons which look attractive are not conductive to health. Due to this reason, one can't approve modern gardens.

85G: Nandavanam is a special garden charged with sanctity. Scripture has ordained that only a few trees  which are dearer to Gods, flower plants, a lot of plantain trees and beetalnut (Paaku) should be grown in a Nandavanam. Noble persons who pluck leaves and flowers from a Nandavanam observing appropriate Achaaram are blessed with a evolution , intelligence and better health. Deiva Sadhus see divinity in Nandavanam which house such excellent attributes. Besides, irrespective of what incurable disease a person has, if he meditates on a Nandavanam in Divine manner and maintains it or stays fully there, he will be completely cured in due course.

92E: During sinful times, efficiency in administration may diminish to an extent in countries world over. Citizens  too may stray away from honesty. But courts of law should be above board.  A youngster by name Murad came to power in Ottoman during 17th century  and was informed that rule of law disappeared suddenly in his country. He immediately called for a meeting of judges and asked them for an explanation.

They said : we have no freedom; and if we protect thy subject against the violence of the spahis and the tax gatherers, we are accused of corruption; our tribunals are assailed by armed men and our houses are pillaged.  The work of death speedily began.  Energetic emissaries were sent through Constantinople who slew the leaders of the late insurrection and all whom, Murad marked for destruction.  The revenge of royalty for its long humiliation reaped the bloodiest harvest under Murad’s own eye.  He patrolled the streets at night and with his own hand, struck dead the offenders against his numerous edicts in matters of police.  The number of those who dies by his command is reckoned at a hundred thousand.  Subsequently all faults small or great were visited by him with the same, short, sharp and final sentence and at last, the terror with which he was regarded was so general and profound that men who were summoned to the sultan’s presence commonly made the  death ablution before  they entered the place.  The courage of Murad, his bold and martial demeanour, confirmed the respect and awe which his strenuous ferocity inspired.  Murad was then twenty years old.

In his latter reign when civil or military duty required his vigilance, none could surpass him in austerity and absterniousness or in the capacity of labour. He tolerated no crimes.  The worst of evils,  the sway of local tyrants ceased under his dominion. He was unremittingly and unrelentingly watchful, in visiting the offences of all who were in authority under him as well as of those of the mass of his subjects and the worst tyranny of the single despot was a far less grievous curse to the empire than had been the military anarchy which he quelled. Order and subordination were restored under his iron sway.  There was discipline in the campus.  There was pure justice in the tribunal.  The revenues were honestly admisnistered. The abuses of  feudal system of Ziernets and Timars were extirpated and if Murad was dreaded at home, he made himself still more feared by the foe abroad.

 

 

95 B,D,E,F: If voting rights are conferred only on those given in my list above,  prosperity, peace and happiness can be achieved definitely.

95D: That is graduates  resembling those in the times of British rule.

99B: Prisoners=Majority criminals.

99D: During the beginning of human civilization Manu Maharishi compiled laws of governance and prescribed  punishments according to severity of crimes. For several lakhs of years after Manu Maharishi's time, no occasion arose that necessitated implementation of his punishments. People all over the world lived without knowing the meaning of the word crime. Even after tens of thousands of years after the end of Dwapara Yuga Manu's laws were prevalent  in the world In due course of time however, they registered a slight decline. Nevertheless the kings and law experts rejuvenated laws only in tune what was set down by Manu. All these had the approval of Gods.
The severity of punishments was never tampered with in these laws.

As far as I know, king Minos of Island of Crete and about 4000 years back a king of Babylon by name Kammurabhi have compiled Laws. The king has said that Shamash God has personally taught him the laws. It is contained  in a stone tablet made up of 400 lines. At the head of the stone,  Bhagavan is depicted on a throne with matted hair (Jada Mudi) and the king is depicted (as listening and grasping the teachings humbly with folded hands and covering his mouth. Moreover  Shamash God is shown with Yoga Vasthram (upper garment), Kamandalam (water pot) and Scepter (Sengol) in their appropriate places. This tablet is currently sitting in the London museum.

Besides, Jewish Prophets who created a fictitious character by name Moses during 6th B.C, have laid down a set of roles called "Laws of Moses". But they have simply been copied from Laws of Canaan (ancient Palestine). Lycurgus of Sparta  (9th Century BC) and Solon (7th Century BC) have  compiled  Laws on Principle of Justice.  In all their time, punishments were given on the basis of 'tooth for tooth and eye for eye' and hence crimes were very rare.

Finally listen to the words of a wise man who has commented upon the punishments laid down by Draco of Greece:-

Aristotle.observes that Draco made no change in the constitution and that there was nothing remarkable in his laws, except the severity of the penalties by which they were enforced.  It must however be remembered that the substitution of law for custom, of a written code for a fluctuating and flexible tradition, was itself of great importance and we also learn that he introduced some changes in the administration of criminal justice, by transferring cases of murder, or of accidental homicide, from the cognisance of the archons to the magistrates called ephetes; though it was not clear whether he instituted, or only modified or enlarged, their jurisdiction, demades (Philosopher and a great orator who was highly esteemed by Philip the father of Alexander the great) was thought to have described the character of his laws very happily, when he said that they were written not in ink,, but in blood.  He himself is reported to have justified their severity, by observing that the least offences deserved death and that he could devise no greater punishment for the worst.  This sounds like the language of a man who proceeded on higher grounds than those of expediency, and who felt himself bound by his own convictions to disregard the opinions of contemporaries.  Yet it is difficult to believe, that Draco can have been led by any priniciples of abstract justice to confound all gradations of guilt, or as has been conjectured with somewhat greater probability that viewing them under a religious rather than a political aspect, he conceived that in every case alike they drew down, the anger of the gods, which could only be appeased by the blood of the criminal.

It seems much easier to understand how the ruling class, which adopted his enactments, might imagine that such a code was likely to be a convenient instrument in their hands, for striking terror into their subjects and stiffing the rising spirit of discontent which their cupidity and oppression had provoked.  We are however unable to form a well-grounded judgement on the degree in which equity may be have been violated by his indiscriminate vigour, for though we read that he enacted the same capital punishment for petty thefts as for sacrilege and murder, still as there were some offences for which he provided a milder sentence, he must have framed a kind of scale, the wisdom and justice of which we have no means of estimating.

At this juncture I will dwell a little on Mangolia. While the ancient Chinese prided themselves as descendants of Solar dynasty, the Mangolians projected themselves as descendants of Lunar dynasty.  In our historical period a royal couple had no heir apparent however Bhagavan wanted set His mind on extending the royal line in the country that brimmed with purity. Shining golden rays that  emanated from moon travelled towards the palace. Bhagavan blessed the queen who was at the harem and disappeared.  Sometime after this miraculous incident was born a wonderful person by name Jenghiskhan. (Khan was a title held by kings of Mangolia of Divine religion).

A spellbinding mixture of poetry, mythology and hard boiled reporting the ‘Saga’ also contains the oft told birth of the Great Khan’s having been born clenching a blood clot the size of a knuckle bone, in a moving lament which is also one of the most beautiful passages of the Saga – his mother Hoe-Lun cries:

 

‘ From the warmth of my womb

When he broke forth fiercely

Clutching a black clot of blood in his hand

This one was born from me!

Like a wild dog bitting off its after birth…

Like a lion that cannot master its rage…

Like a falcon attacking its own shadow…

You have destroyed”

Hearing of the invasion of Jenghiskhan, every country in Asia and Europe trembled and surrendered. Jenghiskhan 1154-1228.

His son Ogadai 1228-1243. He stood on the banks of the Adriatic. He had no heir revolutionary period till Kublaikhan 1259-1295. One of his descendants captured (regularlyu ) the Islam countries in the middle east and eventually settled down as a king. This Mangolian king who belonged to the Divine religion when on a hunting expedition happened to spend a night at the house of an Imam and fell in love with his daughter. When the king expressed his intent to Imam, the Imam pleaded helplessness in the matter as the king belonged  to a different religion prompting the king to convert to Islam.

Only from his time, the Islam empire of Ottoman was born. Among those who ruled this empire was Sulaiman II, who gave equal treatment to Christians in his regime as opposed to the tenets of Quran.

Let us know turn to Jenghiskhan. Jenghis imposed the Mongols first written laws, dictating a code of conduct known as the great Jasagh. It provides savage punishment even for wrong doing for instance – death for refusing work, for gluttony. And the code of Jenghiskhan also set quite admirable ethical rules.
Even during the 19th century, Mangolia was rooted in the Divine religion.

Did I not talk about Ottoman empire? This empire lasted gloriously for four centuries before the Ottoman emperors turned their attention towards their own personal comforts and desires. The treasury was getting depleted. Internal strife mounted. The Christian nations were pining for independence. One of such nations was Servia. The public there rallied behind a mighty warrior by name George Kara. They fought a war and won. Though George Kara refused emphatically to become the king, the wise men there requested him to assume kingship. When he ruled thus:

 A peasant has just lost his father.  The bishop refused to perform the funeral service except for a sum of fifty piasters.  All the resources of the orphan could not make up the sum demanded; it seemed that his father’s body must remain exposed to the injury of the air and to the outrages of beasts and birds of prey.  In despair the peasant sought out George Kara who with the fifty piasters gave him the orders to dig two graves.  The funeral ceremony had hardly commenced when George Kara accompanied by several soldiers carrying a coffin, arrived at the cemetery.  When the old man’s body had been placed in the grave,  George Kara brusquely asked the priest how many children he had.  ‘ Heaven has granted me five” replied the priest.  “ Well” answered his interlocutor with a voice of thunder, “ It may be that if you leave no fortune they will some day find themselves in the same straits as this young man, hence I wish myself to provide for the expense of your burial.”  At a gesture of the king the soldiers seized the bishop and in spite of his fears and his resistance placed him bleeding in the second coffin.

107B: I am giving below a few lines about the Mappilla Muslims of Kerala as compiled by Roland Miller and commented by one Natarajan. The Mappilas enjoyed peace and prosperity for nearly eight centuries and even today almost the entire Muslim population of Kerala consist of Mappilas.  They have been consistently and significantly outpacing the growth of every other group especially after the formation of the Kerala. The tremendous growth in Malappuram district of 34 percent is directly related to the huge majority of Mappillas.  The Family Planning Programme is least successful among the Mappillas.  Early marriage is one of the reasons for their natural steady and rapid increase in number.  Forced conversions are also another major cause for their increase.  Records account for their extremely large growth during the days of Hyder.  Tippu and the endless out breaks of the Mappillas from time to time, in addition to the normal course of conversion, due to the social and religious set up of the untouchables and other unfortunate groups among the Hindus themselves.

The Mappillas continued to be contented, happy, prosperous and peaceful till the appearance of the Portugese on the West Coast.  The Dutch, the English and the French stepped in the place of the Portugese and finally the English remained as rulers.  The Mappillas lost their old strength and some of them became pirates and bandits.  The impact of Hyder Ali and tippu in Kerala was significant.  The Mappilas joined the Mysore army in large numbers and became administrators and landowners. They either purchased lands at a low cost or seized land rights of land lords who ran away for their lives and religion.  The Mappila militancy regarded the Hindus as their natural enemies even after the disappearance of Hyder and Tippu.  This was their age of triumph.  As ther result of the Mysore occupation of Kerala the situation in Kerala was in disarray and the British had to face the challenge of the Mappilas, though they became the real rulers of Malabar in 1800.  The Mappila rebellion of 1921 was their last outbreak and it marked a turning point in history.  Economic discontent, ignorance, fanaticism , the Khilafat agitation, freedom movement of the Congress and British oppression were the main causes.  Once started, the rebellion swept Malabar with a startling Atrocities of all kinds, forced conversions and destruction of temples became common.  It was regretted by everybody that no Muslim leader ever spoke during the rebellion.  The rebellion ended in 1922 after six months.  The bitter memory of this misguided Mappila madness may now be buried with the decision of the Kerala State Government to grant pensions to the active participants and their families as ‘tyagis’ or freedon fighters in 1971. In spite of the serious protests of various personages and organisations of India.  The author has also dealt with the controversial formation of Mappilla district of Malappuram in 1969.

                                           RELIGIOUS MINORITIES

The most interesting statement of the Prime Miniser during her election campaign in Orissa was that , “ In a way India was also an Islamic Country if one took note of the fact that it had a Muslim population of six crores!’  Can a Muslim country ever be secular?  Where is then the much vaunted claim of India being secular, which these  very politicians make much of when it suits them to put down the claims of certain sections of other religions that certain tradiitions and customs should continue because of time honoured religious sanctions.  If the politicians at the Centre and in the States vie with each other placate the religious minorities for reasons of their own, one can very well understand a small minority trying to exploit the people in power to the detriment of others.  Can any religious minority in a Muslim state claim anything on religious grounds as the Muslim minority does in the matter of personal law, when the Centre wants to bring in an uniform code for all the people of the country irrespective of their religion?  India, everyone should know is a secular country, first and last, and everyone is an Indian irrespective of his religious leanings.

Do the Islam countries have any problem of religious minorities, who try to put a block at every stage when the state wants to bring I reforms of lasting nature.  Even if there is a religious minority in an Islamic state can it do anything as the Muslim minority does in India?  The fate of the Hindus in Pakistan as well as of Indian especially the Hindus who were settled in Uganda (Africa) for generations and developed the country’s economic resources like anything is very well known to everyone.    J.S.Gandekar

Tipu Sultan. (Hindu) : Sir, This has reference to the letter of Mr. Abdul Rub about Tipu Sultan 9 The Hindu Sep 10).  The history lessons handed down to us under foreign rule are essentially garbled versions of truth.  There are authentic records to establish that Tipu sultan was far from a tiger that he is made out to be .  He massacred lakhs of people and his pillage at Kittur and Nargund and the cruelty he showed to the widowed queen and child of Kittur should make anyone hang down his head in sorrow.  He massacred thousands in his Mangalore and Malabar campaign alone, converted over 40000 to Islam in a matter of two or three days and boasted that he was the greatest iconoclast of all times.  When he met reprisals from the North, from Marathas and English from the South, he went to the Sringeri Math and sought special  poojas and blessings for his escape from danger. .C.V.Krishna. Madras.

109D: Only from some 40 years back modern scientific  industries have started to proliferate. Directly in proportion to their expansion, people will lose hygiene and will contract a variety of terrible diseases.

109C:  It is not possible to enshrine divinity only by building more and more temples. Divinity is enjoying direct contact with Gods or minimum discerning the existence of Gods with proof. Till 1800 years back countries world over had direct contact with Gods. However this varied from country to country depending on the purity of citizens and efficacy of scriptural rules obtaining in the country. We who trust Gods are not able to feel their presence with proof these days.

Even if the list of sinners given by me reach 1% , divinity and divine presence in temples will vanish. But in our provinces this percentage has crossed 80. At such times, even if a few virtuous individuals adopt purity along with religious rules, they can only personally evolve and can't prove existence of Gods.

It is a rule that divine presence in temples vanish by proliferation of sins. However if virtuous persons visit temples that functioned with sanctity in the past, they will reap the benefits in the next birth. Though world is bereft of divinity, the Gods continue to supervise the rule of law in all countries and grant prosperity or send natural calamities as punishment, depending on the quality of rule. Foreign countries of any religion are no exception to this rule. Though other religions might have different notions of 'one God', they too cannot escape from the prosperity or punishments. Though the people of other religion may not believe this truth, this world and the countries are under the dominance of the Gods.  The entire humanity that has appeared from time immemorial are creation of Gods only. The fictitious recent Gods of other religions have not conferred any distinct mark on people born in their religion. Hence Gods don't discriminate on the basis of religion, beliefs etc. Hence let us not forget the fact that Gods grant prosperity depending on the ability of governments to make their citizens virtuous. As on date in a lot of foreign countries character, good conduct, quality courts of law, appropriate  punishments, real education etc are implemented by governments which take care of their prosperity. In these countries only 5% sins are obtaining unlike our country.

109E: As long as divine religion shone in countries world over, kings not only constructed a lot of temples but also gave away hefty donations to them with competitive spirit. For example I give below the list of donations made by an Egyptian king (13th Century BC). The record places us in a position to bring forward the evidence of figures.  King Ramses III left beingd a comprehensive manifesto, in which he enumerates in detail all that he had done for the sanctuariesw of his country during the thirty one years of his reign.  The numbers of these lists are evidently taken from the accounts of the state and of the different temples and are consequently deserving credit.  This great record first contains the gifts to the Theban temples, then follows the figts to Memphis and those to the smaller sanctuaries.  Taking together the items, we have the sum of the income of the Egyptian temples some what as follows: about one Ton (1015 K.G 337 g) of gold: about 3 Tons (2993 K.G. 964 G) silver: 940 K.G 3G of black bronze; about 13 tons (13059 K.G. 865 G ) Bronze; about 14 lbs (7 K.G. 124 G ) precious stones; 1093803 pieces of valuable stones; 169 towns; 1071780 plots of arable land; 514 vine yards and orchards; 178 ships; 1335433 slaves; 514168 herd of cattle(especially Oxen); 680714 geese; 494800 fish; 2382605 furits;5740352 sacks of corn; 6744428 loaves of bread; 256460 jars of incense, honey, oil etc: 1933766 items.  The record places us ... 1933766 items.

112B: If regimes perpetrate unjust acts or makes its subject suffer from day to day problems of life or enact improper principles for personal benefits or if majority of the public sin more and more, such regimes suffer from paucity of grains and water intermittently. During the recent Centuries when there was prosperity in the countries, whenever  monsoon rarely plays truant, the cause of sin was ascertained through God, amends were made followed by acts of penitence. In the beginning of 20th century, in drama stages, first Pillayar  and then Saraswathi made their appearance. Then king's Durbar. The king will ask the minister, "Does it rain thrice in a month? (Mummaari). After the response, "Yes, king. It is so", the drama will start. This is to indicate the connection between just rule and prosperity. All ancient countries world over were aware of this divine scriptural saying. For example according to Chinese:- Every sin is a disordering of the universal harmony, a breaking through the laws of nature; Out of sin must come harm for the individual as well as for the universe, whereas virtuous men are acoompanied with good fortune.  This direct sequence of sin and punishment lets also the natural evils, such as sickness, famine, flood, earthquake etc., appear as the consequence3s of disturbance in the order of the universe due to the evil deeds of the rulers and people, therefore the state is obliged to keep watch over morality just as it does over the obedience paid to civil laws.  In the common interest it must punish sin and reward virtue in order to restore the disturbed equilibrium.  There is a close relation between the heaven and the people.

Overseeding cloud can cause Drought

Overseeding the cloud may produce drought instead of rain, according to Mr. Gorden Macdonald, an American weather modification expert.  That overseeding creates drought a hitherto unpublicised effect was discovered by the United States Air Force during weather modification experiments in the 1940’s.  According to Macdonald the experiment created drought in Texas and Arizona and angered the cattle ranchers.  Mr Macdonald’s observation on weather  modification has been reported in ‘Science for the people” a journal for the Scientists and Engineers published in Messachusetts.  The report, quoting Mr.Macdonald says:  “Preliminary analysis suggests that there is no effect 200-300 miles downwind but continued seeding over a long stretch of dry land clearly could remove sufficient moisture to prevent rain 100 miles down wind.” This extended effect leads to the possibility of covertly removing moisture from the atmosphere so that a nation dependent on water vapour crossing a competitor country could be subjected to years of drought.

A few scientists have now started exposing hazards of artificial rain. This technique was tried in our Chennai twice when there was severe water shortage, however God forbade rains. But our state government purchased water from Andhra Government  in Railway Wagons for and tied over the crisis a little bit. For the past few years in Tamil Nadu, muddy water can be seen for a few days every year in rivers, lakes and wells.

Note: God may send water Level deeper down the earth directly in proportion to rising level of sins in the world. That is if Bhagavan decides to order an underground desert, scientists can't give any relief to regimes. Rather than trying to alleviate scarcity, it would be better if scientists suggest ways and means to regimes for ennobling their citizens.

113E: Poisoning the human system by Pesticides.  The use of D.D.T and other pesticides posed problems of slow poisoning and in the field of toxicology even the most advanced countries had missed something fundamental and were groping in the dark for several years, not knowing about the accumulated poisons of specific nature in the human system said A.R.Natarjan, director, C.E.L.  Dr. Natarajan who attended an international conference on DRUG ABUSE and Poison Control  in Newyork and a world conference of the Association of Forensic Toxicologists, said two Instances could be cited and these came up for discussion at these conferences.  One related to the evidence of mercury poisoning in slow degrees in Sweden and the other to the D.D.T poisoning in the United states.  In the course of the last 70 years, the concentration of Mercury lead has gone up considerably in the soil, plants and in the marine organisms in Sweden.  No survey was made till recently.  Now it was found that people were affected by mercury poisoning.  It was only by process of systematic analysis that scientists were able to establish that there were organisms both in the oil and under the surface of the sea, which could convert organic mercury, into soluble organic mercury, which accumulated in plants and fish in high concentrations.  The source of mercury was traced to the mercuric chloride used in Sweden’s paper industry, whose effluents were let into the water sources.  Similarly D.D.T. did not easily undergo a break down but got into the fatty system of any tissue and stayed there for long.  It had been found that D.D.T. was assimilated into the fatty tissue of the birds which ate D.D.T sprayed fruits.  The D.D.T. poison got assimilated in the human system when people consume ate flesh of those birds.  One could learn about the process only indirectly.  The poison might come in insidiously without anybody knowing it.  As a toxicologist he was concerned over the possible effects these powerful weapons might have on human beings two or three generations later.

113G: Few regimes in the Puranic age were considered as regimes of Mahans. In such regimes each person lived for the welfare of the other. This ensured that Mahans never had to rule consciously. Hence the royal couple lived a divine life in forests with a skeleton presence of servants. One such Mahan wished to conduct a Yagna for God. In those times Sri Lanka was also a tributary to this Mahan's regime. But Ravana never bothered to send his tribute. This Mahan was unaware of anything. However those with Him  took his permission and left for Sri Lanka to procure items for the Yagna from Ravana. It is needless to imagine what sort of response they might have got from Ravaneshwara.  Listening to Ravana's outburst patiently, the visitors made a miniature of Lankan fort with clay and addressed Ravana thus: "Look, if we think of our Mahan and remove a part of this miniature, the corresponding part of your real fort will crumble ". Saying so, when they removed some clay from the miniature's northern entrance, the corresponding part of the real fort fell suddenly. Stunned by the occurrence, Ravana sent the necessary materials for the Yagna through his emissaries and also requested the disciples to pass on his humble prostration to the Mahan.

I am not surprised at this divine incident that happened at the Puranic age. But I can't help getting amazed that even in this Kali Yuga, that too after the advent of Christianity, in 842 AD  a Mahan appeared in Poland,became a king at the behest of two Gods and that even while ruling he followed a life style of a mahan.

113H: Both Gnanis and Thuravis will not hurt the feelings of anyone.

115B & C: Approximately within 50 years scientific gadgets and packaged food using modern machinery have proliferated. These can make human beings sick with deadly diseases, affect their brain and literally convert them into living corpses in due course of time. By touching, breathing, seeing, hearing, consuming, enjoying, directing and experiencing scientific gadgets, our skin, liver, heart, blood, nerves, kidney and such inner parts have begun to deteriorate in a similar manner implied in the proverb "Eruboora Kallum Theyum" (Even stones wear out by ants creeping on them). Because of this, blood and its essence called Bindu(Semen) are damaged. At present a majority of us have started getting affected by these diseases to the extent of the size of a mustard and our children born from our Bindu carry these diseases in them in a seed form. Though these children may not be affected much, even when they grow up, since they will be growing up with gadgets, their children will carry the dangerous seeds in an enhanced manner. When such dangerous seeds join hands with scientific gadgets on their birth, the human race is going to come under the sway of a variety of terrible diseases. If modern science continue to permeate our live life like this, most of our children in the 5th or 6th descent (It is roughly the 4th descent now) may be affected with lethal diseases and undergo enormous suffering. Further, in future if a man's body is cut open for an operation, death may result. (English text) Even Asbestos and Tube lights could cause cancer for the progeny of the unhealthy people, why even for the present generation who lack resistance power.  There are hundreds of other scientific productions like polythene, plastics, rubber feeding, fertilizers, gasoline and so on.

Modern industries have not only polluted land, water and air but also have caused extensive damage to flora and fauna. They are destroying forests and also affect the health of cattle and wild animals. God has created all things necessary for our welfare, taught us the ways of using them but He never ordained us to indulge in experiment or research  of his creations. Due to this reason our ancestors nipped in the bud any attempts to pry into the nature, introduction of modern customs, invention of modern gadgets in the name of convenience, experiments in the creations and uncontrolled ways of life. They only knew very well that if even one of these things are allowed in the slightest manner, others will follow suit  (Ondru thottu matrondru) exposing people to diseases and miserable life in due course.

CHICAGO: If mothers in India stopped breast feeding, a herd of 5 million cows would be required to provide milk for the babies according to an Amercian expert. Mr.Jellifle said decline in breast feeding contributes to development of infantile disease that infants often get when placed on other foods.  Medical experts participating in the symposium said human milk is nutritionally superior to animal milk and formulas.

The elders are a worried lot that till recently the world which was place to an abundant supply of mother's milk is no more the same due to modern ways of life. Experts have spoken about the risk associated with use of synthetic baby food such as milk powder. Even cow's milk is loaded with three and a half times salt content compared to that required by an infant.  But this much is required for adults. In a variety of baby foods salt content is as high as ten times. This is too much and is bound to impact the health of the child in future. Hence children who grow on cow's milk or synthetic milk powders carry proportionate traces of seed of blood pressure at that young age itself. They develop blood pressure as soon as they cross tender age. All this has been confirmed by research.

THOUGHTLESS USE OF SCIENCE: Eminent scientists, editors and writers met in Delhi to participate in a symposium on “Science for Citizens.”  The consensus at this gathering seemed to be that science and technology have immense power to better the lot of mankind, that their sustained application has already resulted in much progress and that the future is pregnant with tremendous possibilities.  In contrast to the above rosy picture of the role of science and technology, another view has been propounded in a series of articles in a popular science magazine of Briton by eminent scientists of the West.  The main burden of their writings was that the very success of science and technology in solving the immediate problems in the short run and they were afraid that many of the long term effects of the application of science and technology far outweigh the immediate benefits of such application.

ECOLOGICAL BALANCE  One of the major problems facing this country is food shortage.  Much work has been done on developing new types of food crops which can give high yields by heavy use of chemical fertilisers, particularly nitrogen.  These fertilisers do greatly increase the immediate crop yields; but at the same time, the impoverishment of soil organic matter by altering the physical character of the soil, sharply reduces the efficiency with which the added fertilizer is taken up the crop.  As a result unused nitrogen fertilizer is taken up by the crop.  As a result unused nitrogen fertilizer drains out of soil into rivers and lakes causing overgrowths of green plants and resultant organic pollution.  Another example of relevance to this country is the massive use of synthetic insecticides.  Recent reports from various countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America show that such massive use, while being immediately beneficial has greatly upset the ecological balance in the world.  These insecticides kill the natural predators and insect parasites which keep the spread of other insects and pests under control.  Once such control is removed, major out brakes of insects and pests have been induced at regular intervals.  While this cycle is not fully understood, the hazard is recognised and  use and even manufacture of D.D.T is now being banned in several countries.  Another problem of relevance to this country is nuclear power.  The multiplication of nuclear power stations is going to increase the incidence of cancer of the thyroid manifold.  At the same time, the release of hot water from these stations into the rivers, lakes or the sea has tended to raise the temperature of water and thus kill many fishes and plants which are sensitive to such change,  there are many other examples.

INVISIBLE LEAD CONTAMINATION

Pasadena (California): A geochemist says industrialisation has created an invisible, potentially dangerous film of lead that coats the earth and nearly everything on it.  “ If we had sensitive spectacles, we could see the streets brilliantly painted with lead” says Dr.Clair Patterson of California Institute of Technology.  Minute particles of lead come from leaded automobile gasoline and industry, coat sidewalks, foliage, buildings, lautomobiles, clothing, food and human bodies.  Were the lead visible, you would see it hovering over freeways and streets,” he says.

According to him, most people do not have the classic symptoms of lead poisoning, irritability and hallucinations that sometimes lead to permanent brain damage.  But human beings may have symptoms of lead poisoning as yet unrecognised, he adds.  He says more than 80% of the lead in grass and mice is of industrial origin.  In populous areas, 99% of the lead is from industrial sources.  “Man has 100 times more lead in his body than he would if lead technology had never been used.” he pointed out.  If all the automobiles in the world stop burning leaded gasoline instantly, lead contamination will drop in 30 days, but Dr.Patterson believes it will take centuries to get rid of the pollution.

Prof.H.A.Schroeder of the Dartmouth medical college told the Senate sub committee that the health of the people is endangered not so much by the contamination as by the refinement of the food products.  “ The milling of wheat into refined white flour removing 40% of the chromium, 86 % of the manganese, 76% of the iron, 89% of the cobalt, 68% of the copper, 78% of the Zinc and 48% of the molybdenum, all trace elements essential for life or health.”  After the residue is removed, the nutritive best is fed to the pigs.  The moral of this story is that you can’t have your cake made of refined white flour and eat it too.

If the world prefers instantaneous comforts provided by modern scientific gadgets that make life easy similar to that conferred by Alladin's lamp, the posterity will be forced to live as  diseased and mental patients.

117 C & D: All Chinese life finds its support and centre in the state.  In the state are united all intellectual activities. The state for the Chinamen is a creation of  heaven, an essential factor in the harmony of the universe and therefore the sum of reasonableness and perfection.  Official stations alone determine a man’s position and dignity.  To be useful to the state is the highest employment of the Chinaman and it is therefore the duty of the wiseman to seek and accept government offices.  Morality and piety are one with obedience to the laws of the state.  These laws, which according to the chinese nation, were imparted to man in the sacred primeval period by the celestial rulers Fohi, Yao and Shun, are of more importance than all human authority.  They are not the product of the whim of an individual, but are the sum and substance of the divine rationality, the product of the mind of the whole people and must therefore be obeyed no less by the emperor than by every subject.  “Only intelligence,’ say Wuttke, ‘not birth, qualifies for office.  The emperor may have only such servants as bear within themselves the consciousness of the everlasting kingdom.  “State examinations are held in every official city in a hall dedicated to the memory of Kong-fu-tse; they are under the supervision of the authorities and scholars.  The highest examinations are conducted by the emperor himself in his palace.  For further education of the officials monthly lectures are delivered on their duties and the laws.

117 F: The people are not initiated into the cosmic ideas,  nor into the awakened throb of more vivid consciousness.  Try as you may, you can never make the mass of men throb with full awakedness.  They cannot be more than a little aware.  So, you must give them symbols, ritual and gesture, which will fill their bodies with life upto their full measure.  Any more is fatal.  And so, the actual knowledge must be guarded from them, lest knowing the formula, without understanding at all, the experience that corresponds, they may become inSolent and impious, thinking that they have all, when they have only an empty monkey-chatter.  The esoteric knowledge will always be esoteric, since knowledge is an experience, not a formula.  But it is foolish to hand out the formula, a little knowledge is indeed a dangerous thing.  No age proves it more than ours.  Monkey-chatter is the most disastrous of all things.

The science of  augury certainly was not exact science.  If you live by the cosmos, you look in the cosmos for your clue.  If you live by personal God, you pray to Him and bring to bear on your subject.  If you are rational, you think things over.  All it depends on is the amount of true, sincere religious concentration.  Any Psychological or political attainment comes by an act of divination.  But when heart loses its purity even prayers are only jugglery as of today.

The masses were never allowed to penetrate the mysterious sanctuaries.  Indeed in most ancient temples world over the capacious interior court yards were as much as they dared not enter.  Such was the exclusive character of this religion wherein priestly exclusiveness played the central part.  I thought of the freedom of mosque and church and I understand again why the priests, who had overreached themselves in their efforts to gain and maintain power, finally lost every shred of their influence.  “Freely you have received: freely you should give was a Biblical sentence which did not apply to their days.  They took and gave with utmost reserve and caution.  That was why the ancient were able to impart recondite esoteric knowledge to the qualified initiates through the Divine Mysteries where as the Christian Mystery is dealt with gospel events and lip-services only.  The initiates who were admitted to the ancient Mysteries not only gained the power of wisdom, but had an insight into the cosmic divinities and secrets of the universe. Paul Brunton.

120 D: Dr. Malcolm  Adiseshia, Deputy director general of UNESCO said “ Indian universities, instead of being vehicles of intellectual cooperation had become ‘anti-intellectual bastions’.  Their teaching methods were ‘one way ex-cathedra pontificials’ and their learning techniques were those of the method of cramming.  ‘The content of what is taught or learnt has no relation to the state of the arts, the country’s development demands or its employment profiles.’ he said.  “The examination system is not an evaluation of the student’s intellectual capacity.  It is a huge and inhuman meat grinder which separates and cuts up into meaningless groups, the false foods which fall, under its teeth.  It is a call to resourceful deception or a display of superficial cleverness.” 

123D: As we commit sins and good deeds alternately, we also perpetrate   mistakes (Pizhaigal), flaws (Doshangal) and proscribed acts (Koodadhavaigal). Such mistakes enacted time and again accumulate like an Andes mountain in our lifetime. These gets included into the list of Chithragupthan periodically. For such mistakes Bhagavan has ordained a variety of births other than human beings. But we have to enjoy and suffer respectively for our virtuous and sinful deeds only in a human birth.

Did I not say that our daily mistakes accumulate into an enormous heap? The non human births ordained for such mistakes are scheduled in between two human births. Our scriptures say that from a virus up to a whale the total number of beings run into 83 lakhs. We are experiencing these lakhs of non human births in our long life journey. In other words all these 83 lakhs non human beings take on human births time and again. Brahmins(Deiva Viveki) of the Puranic age witnessed this transmigration directly through Athma Vidya or Mystery.

Besides, our Kochengatchozha Nayanar of Tamil Nadu was born as a spider in his previous birth. I will now give a few lines about him.

Kochengatchozha Nayanar

To prevent dry leaves falling on  Jambulingam under a Jambul tree, a spider spun a web. Similarly an elephant used to bring water in its trunk from Kaveri and poured it on the Lingam daily as Abhishekam. The elephant used to undo the spider's web daily since it considered the presence of web as obstruction to its abhishekam. Spider also untiringly spun the web daily. Even then this angered the spider which entered into the elephant's trunk in lightning speed. Conscious of its end, the elephant struck its trunk forcefully on the earth resulting in the death of both. The spider which was born as a Daiva Sadhu in the Chola dynasty in its next birth constructed a temple for Jambulingam and built a narrow entrance for the sacrosanctum to ensure that an elephant can never it.

At the sacrosanctum of Thiruvanikka temple, spring water is present always. This water is expelled daily through a trickle (Neer daarai). It is called the Appu Kshetram. The compound wall of this temple in unmatched by any other compound wall in India for its height and perimeter. Besdes it is said that Kanchi is Prithvi, Thiruvannamalai is Theyu, Kaalahasthi is Vaayu and Chidambaram is Aakasam (Kshetras).

123E: This line refers to a method (Vadakkiruthal) of giving up life voluntarily sitting at a place facing north, refraining from food and water. This method has been prescribed in scriptures. The higher Vivekis who adopt this method are promoted to the next stage bypassing most of the non human births destined in between. They have to complete certain divine Yagnas before sitting facing north. Gods grant expeditious death to those who undertake this. Sadhus and Vivekis don't benefit from this method. If Pamarans indulge in Vadakkiruthal, they will end up sinning. The ancient world of divine culture religion adopted this procedure. This procedure prevailed  in western countries till  some time before the appearance of Chrisitianity. Pythagoras, Zeno, Epicurus, Lycurgus, Parminides, Iamblucus, Eratosthenes - the geometer and cosmographer (276-174) and such belonging to ancient noble class have given their lives following this procedure. Since the Christian wise men had no background for comprehending the objective of this procedure, they simply have spoken as "Starved to death". This procedure was named Vadakkiruthal in Tamil Nadu. Recently Ramalinga Swamigal who was a Siranda Viveki adopted this procedure at the behest of a Thuravi. A Brahmin poet in the court of a Pandya King by name Pisiraandaiyaar  and a Chola king by name Koperunjchozhan entertained a wish to meet each other. Finally when the poet came to know that the Chola king was going to undertake Vadakkiruthal through messengers, he joined the king and adopted Vadakkiruthal himself.

123F: God has conferred six senses on us in order that we evolve in thehuman life journey. We must sublimate these six senses into Buddhi culminating in philosophical maturity to rise above desires is the meaning of this line. But we who are caught in this Maya world don’t even try to come out of it,  but end up using these senses to aggravate our bondage. Besides, unless one is able to rise above the discrimination of mine and not mine, he can't make any progress even at the kindergarten level of philosophy. Whatever feeling we experience by coming to know about the death of someone in Australia, the same feeling is experienced by a Mutrina Viveki even on coming to know about the death of someone in his own house. Even if someone teaches us such philosophical truths, we are unabe to accept them even a wee bit.

123G: If someone approaches a Mahan requesting even his for life as charity, the Mahan won't refuse. But no one take away the life of a Mahan. That is, a Mahan is protected by Bhagavan at any given moment. But the Mahan does not know this truth till a situation occurs to him.