SADGURU SHRI SIVAN SIR

Yenippadigalil Maanthargal - YPM

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YPM Part-4 - Interpretations of YPM - Page-1

Foreword

As willed by Sir, translation of His work continues after a lull with the help of a fellow devotee of Sir whom I consider "Sir Sent".  The translation is done completely by the devotee.  I have only edited it.    - Krishnan Mohan

124 E

மக்களை உத்தமர்களாக நிலவ வைக்கும் வேந்தன் சிறந்த விவேகி.

MAKKALAI UTHAMARGALAAGA NILAVA VAIKKUM VENDHAN SIRANDHA VIVEKI.

The king who concerts his subjects into noble citizens.

LYCURGUS

124 E. Ancient Greece, similar to our early India, consisted of many independent states. But unlike our country, all Grecian states used only one language for communication. Even though our country was multilingual, Sanskrit functioned as a common medium of communication. Sparta, one of the ancient Grecian states, was ruled by Polydectus in the 9th century BC.

After the death  of the king polydectus , the general voice gave it for his younger brother Lycurgus to ascend the throne.  He actually did so, till it appeared that his brother’s widow was pregnant.  As soon as he perceived this, he declared that the kingdom belonged to her issue, provided it were male and he kept the administration in his hands only as his guardian.  It happened that he was at supper with the magistrates, when she was delivered of a boy and his servants who were present carried the child to him.  When he received it, he is reported to have said to the company. “Spartans, see here your new born king”.  He then laid him down upon the chair of State and named him “Charliaus”, because of the joy and admiration of his magnanimity and justice, testified by all present.  Thus the reign of Lycurgus lasted only eight months.  But the citizens had a great veneration for him on other accounts and there were more than paid him their attentions and were ready to execute his commands, out of regard to his virtues than those that obeyed him as a guardian to the king and director to the administration.  But to clear any suspicion of Queen Mother he set sail therefore and landed in Crete.

Then having observed the forms of government and conversed with the most illustrious personages, he was struck with admiration for some of their laws and resolved at his return to make use of them in Sparta.  From Crete Lycurgus passed to Asia, desirous, as he said, to compare the Ionian expense and luxury with the Cretan frugality and hard diet, so as to judge what effect each had on their several manners and governments.  The Egyptians likewise suppose that he visited them and as all of their institutions he was most pleased with their distinguishing the military men from the rest of the people, he took the same method to Sparta and from separating from these the mechanics and artificers, he rendered the constitution more noble and more of a piece.

Returning, he immediately applied himself to alter the whole frame of the constitution; sensible that a partial change and the introducing of some new laws, would be of no sort of advantage he applied to the nobility and desired them to put their hands to work; addressing himself privately at first to his friends and afterwards by degrees trying the disposition of others and preparing them to concur in the business.  When matters were ripe, he ordered thirty of the principal citizens to appear armed in the market place by break of day.

He had established a proper regard to modesty and decorum, with respect to marriage.  He was equally studious to drive from that state the vain and womanish passion of jealousy; by making it quite as reputable to have children in common with persons of merit, as to avoid all offensive freedom in their own behaviour to their wives.  He allowed, that if a man in years should have a young wife, he might introduce to her some handsome and honest young man, whom he most approved of and when she had a child of this generous race, bring it up as his own, for the purpose of performing his funeral rites.

As soon as the children were seven years old, they were all kept under the same order and discipline and their exercise and recreations in common.  As for learning, they had just what was absolutely necessary.  Strictly speaking their whole education was an exercise of discipline.  If any of the boys learn to steal, they were punished not only with whipping, but with hunger.

The songs of the Spartans had a spirit which could rouse the soul and impel it in an enthusiastic manner to action.  The discipline of the Lacedaemonians (Spartans) continued after they were arrived at years of maturity.  The city was like one great camp where all had their stated allwance, and knew their public charge, each man concluding that he was born, not for himself, but for his country.  Hence, if they had no particular orders, they employed themselves in inspecting the boys and teaching them something useful or in learning of those that were older than themselves.

The world was a perfect abode for life as long as people lived in tune with hereditary laws of hygiene (Aacharam) since time immeroial.

But beginning  several centuries ago many countries witnessed a gradual detoriation in adopting in laws of hygiene based on divine scriptures(Aacharam). However a few Wisemen who appeared every now and then were able to infuse considerable vitality by adopting  a few ancient living ways. Despite  this, these countries were unable to permanently benefit in matters such as peace, leisure and Visranthi. Nevertheless Lycurgus born in Sparta, gave people permanent peace.

One of the greatest privileges that Lycurgus procured his countrymen was the enjoyment of leisure, the consequence of forbidding them to exercise any mechanic trade.  It was not worth their while to take great pains to raise a fortune, since riches were there of no account and the healots, who tilled the soil were answerable for the produce above mentioned.  Their discourse seldom turned upon money or business or trade, but upon the praise of the excellent or the contempt of the worthless and the last was expressed with that pleasantry or humour, which conveyed instruction and correction without seeming to intend it.  Nor was Lycurgus himself immoderately severe in his manner, but as Sosibius tells us, he dedicated a little statue to the God of laughter in each hall.  He considered facetiousness as a seasoning of their hard exercise and diet and therefore ordered it to take place on all proper occasions, in their common entertainments and parties of pleasures.  Upon the whole, he taught his citizens to think nothing more disagreeable than to live by (or for) themselves.

The senate consisted at first of those that were assistants to Lycurgus in his great enterprise.  Afterwads to fill up any vacancy that might happen, he ordered the most worthy men to be selected, of those that were full three score years old.  This was the most respectable dispute in the world and the contest was truly glorious, for it was not who should be swiftest among the swift, or strongest of the strong, but who was the wisest and best among the good and wise.

With regard to burials, he suffered nothing to be buried with the corpse except the red cloth and the olive leaves in which it was wrapped.  Nor would he suffer the relations to inscribe any names upon the tombs except of those men that fell in battle or those women who died in some sacred office.  After eleven days of mourning, relatives were to put an end to it and offer sacrifice to Ceres on the twelfth day.

No part of life was left vacant and unimproved, but even with their necessary actions he interwove the praise of virtue and the contempt of vice and he so filled the city with living examples, that it was next to impossible for persons who had those from their infancy before their eyes, not to be drawn and formed to honour.

For the same reason he would not permit all that desired to go abroad and see other countries, lest they should contact foreign manners and gain traces of life of little discipline.  He forbade strangers too, to resort to Sparta, who could not assign a good reason for their coming, for along with foreigners come new subjects of discourse; new discourse produces new opinions and from these there necessarily spring new passions and desires, which like discords in music, would disturb the established government.  He, therefore, thought it more expedient for the city, to keep out of it corrupt customs and manners, than even to prevent the introduction of a pestilence.

When his principal institutions had taken root in the manners of the people and the government was come to such maturity as to be able to support and preserve itself, then, as Plato says of the Deity, that He rejoiced when he created the world and given in its first motion; so Lycurgus was charmed with the beauty and greatness of his political establishment when he saw exemplified in fact, and move on in due order. So, he assembled all the people and told them, the provisions he had already made for the state were indeed sufficient for virtue and happiness, but the greatest and most important matter was still behind, which he could not disclose to them till he had consulted the oracle; that they must therefore inviolably observe his laws, without altering anything in them till he returned from Delphi and then he would acquaint them with the pleasure of Apollo.  When they had promised to do so he took an oath of the kings and senators and afterwards of all the citizens, that they would abide by the present establishment till Lycurgus came back.  He then took his journey to Delphi.

When he arrived there, he offered sacrifice to the gods, and consulted the Oracle, whether his laws were sufficient to promote virtue and secure the happiness of the state.  Apollo answered, that the laws were excellent and that the city which kept to the constitution he had established, would be the most glorious in the world.  This oracle Lycurgus took down in writing and sent it to Sparta.  He then offered another sacrifice and embraced (Prema Aalinganam – Loving Embrace – Scholars of other countries embraced one another and sang a divine hymn at the end of every successfully completed divine ritual or celebration. This practice was referred to as Loving Embrace/Prema Aalinganam in our country) his friends and his son, determined never to release his citizens from their oath, but voluntarily there put a period to his life.

Lycurgus undertook attempts to die voluntarily (Vadakkiruththal). For an explanation to Vadakkiruththal, please refer to 123 E. Though this Christian scholar was unable to grasp the concept of Vadakkiruththal or the noble intention behind embracing death coluntarily, he did not fail to depict albeit in a different manner, the attempt to voluntary death adopted by Lycurgus. Hence, in the sentence below, he has avoided the generally expected use of ‘yet’ and substituted it with ‘therefore’. After having offered another sacrifice to Apollo at Delphi, he voluntarily there put a period to his life while he was yet of an age, when life was not a burden, when death was not desirable and while he was not unhappy in any one circumstance, he therefore, destroyed himself by abstaining from food.

Espousing an exemplary opinion the end of a person when his life is devoid of troubles, difficulties or diseases and replete with well being was best, the scholar has used the word ‘therefore’.

The Spartans have set a noble example of sobriety and of contempt for passion, pain and death.  They could obey and they could die.  Law was for them, according to felicitous expression of Pindarus of Montaigne: “Queen and Empress of the World.”  Let us accord to them one more virtue which does them honour, respect for those upon whose head time has placed the crown of whitened locks.

126 E

தன்னைப் பின்பற்ற விளம்பரமேற்ற வேந்தன் விவேகி

THANNAI   PINPATRA   VILAMBARAMETRA   VENDHAN   VIVEKI

The king who resorts to publicity in order to disseminate his good policy measures.

126 E: With the intention of ensuring that their descendants and fellow rulers, much like themselves, governed their kingdoms with justice, without sin, while upholding divinity, rulers advertised on temple walls, stone pillars, rocks and metallic plates. Moreover, kings of the ancient world have proclaimed of their governance in line with divine ordainment, their devotion towards Gods, the numerous endowments they created. besides how the Gods blessed them.

 Egyptia Churukkam (The Egyptian Summary)

As far as we know,the Egyptians attained amazing heightsin several departments. The Egyptian Brahmins have proclaimed that since they followed ancient scriptures stringently without wavering an inch, the Gods voluntarily blessed them. They also worshipped Apis, a live bullas Parameswara. They have affirmed that the mother of this bullconceived through lightning. When one such bulldied, they proceeded to the place where the next such bull is born, and brought it with them. They knew, through divine help, that Osiris (Parameswara) had entered these bulls. Osiris is otherwise called Amen- Ra, P- tah. They celebrated festivals with grandeur, towards the Apis God who resided in a palatial abode at Memphis. They have proudly declared that the Gods blessed them with several varieties of grains. Since they considered a few animals and birds sacred and equivalent to Gods, each family according to their capability, took to raising them with sanctity. Besides making them beds filled with aromatic substances and covered with velvet, they fed them nutritious food with honey added in them. If any such creature died, members of the family bathed and undertook days of mourning. They also desisted from using any food items that were present in the house at the time of their death. It was customary for the Brahmins to bind the crocodiles that lived in the Nile with sacred incantations, for about ten days, to prevent any danger they may cause during a festival that entailed bathing in the river. From the eleventh day, the crocodiles got back to their routines. The kings of the ancient Pyramid clan buried themselves in Pyramids. Now only two such huge Pyramids are seen. On one occasion, they obtained permission from the Gods and brought two Pyramids from the lower banks to the upper banks of the river Nile. In 16 BC when the Sun dynasty was deficient of an heir, God Himself appeared in person to revive the dynasty. Hatshepsitu herself was not, however of purely Solar Race. Sensneb had not been a Scion of the royal house and this flaw in her pedigree might have marred the sanctity of the solar blood.  But according to pagans doctrines, this defect of birth could be remedied only by a divine miracle and the ancestral god, becoming incarnate in the earthly father at the moment of conception had to condescend to infuse fresh virtue into his race in this manner.  The inscriptions with which Hatshepsitu decorated her chapel relate how, on that fateful night.  Amen, (Parameshwaran) descended upon Ahmes in a flood of perfume and light.  The queen received him favourably and the divine spouse on leaving her announced to her the approaching birth of a daughter, in whom his valour strength should be manifested once more here below.

The sequel of the event is displayed in a series of pictures. The protecting divinity who preside over the birth of children conduct the queen to her couch and the sorrowful resignation depicted on her face, together with the languid grace of her whole figure, displayed in this portrait of her a finished work of art.  The child enters the world amid the shouts of joy and the propitious genii who nourish both her and her double, constitute themselves her nurses.  At the appointed time, her earthly father summons the great nobles to a solemn festival and presents to them his daughter, who is to reign with him over Egypt and the world.

Now let us learn a little about Maha Ramaseshar (Ramses II 1345-1285) who was involved in a large-scale war. The ruler of Kheta who was traditionally an enemy of Egypt, enlisted the support of the rulers of Palestine, Asia Minor (Modern Turkey) among other rulers in the region, and readied himself to destroy Egypt. Upon learning of this, Ramaseshar with his magnificent armies proceeded to a particular place. At this time, two spies met with the king and left after informing him that though they were employed by the enemies, their rulers wanted to work for the king and that the enemies were camping forty miles away and ready for combat. Trusting this information, the king ordered that his chief contingent travel with him at the forefront with the army trailing them. But even before the king could travel three miles ahead, a section of the enemies who were hiding and ready, pounced on the unarmed forces of the king, preventing them from proceeding further. They also confiscated all weaponry. Similarly, the king who was travelling ahead was also surrounded by the enemy forces. The king found himself alone and distressed in such a situation.

The forces of the enemies were not inferior to the Egytians.  The King of Khilibu alone commanded eighteen thousand picked men besides a well trained infantry.  They had also two thousand five hundred chariots each carrying three men.  In other words, the whole of Syria, from the banks of Eupherites to the Nile rose in arms against Egypt.  The King is here represented alone, surrounded by the enemy and in great danger, but his first impulse is to god and before rushing into the melee; he makes this long address to Amen, and help came to him:

In such a perilous situation, the enemies moved towards the king in apparent mockery, but did not attempt to kill him right away. From inside his chariot, the king thus beseeches –“My Father Amen (Amen= Parameshwaran), where art Thou? Does a father ever forget his son? Only on your command did I undertake this travel! I have not been the one to disobey any of your orders! He is endowed with great power! Does not the Lord of Egypt win over anyone who crosses His path! What match are these Asians to you? Does not Amen reduce the strength of those who are not extremely devoted to Him? Have I not offered you countless gifts? Have I not built you temples that will stand for millions of years? Have I not offered to you the rarest riches of the world? Have I not loved you a thousand times more than how I love my wives and children? I am not one to be unaware of the fact that the assistance of thousands of sons and brothers and millions of cavalrymen, does not stand a chance in front of the mighty Amen! My father! I stand alone now. Millions of enemies have surrounded me. I neither see my generals, archers, cavalrymen nor my chariots.” “My divine laments fell upon the ears of the God Hermonthis. The God Amen offered me refuge. He lent me His hand. I squealed with overwhelming bliss. He stood behind me, blessing me.” “Meri Amen Ramaseshan! I have rushed to your side. Child, I am indeed your Father. I appreciate your determination. I have offered you My hand. I am indeed with you. Fulfil your heart’s yearning” the assuring voice of the Lord fell upon my ears. The prayer of Ramaseshar and the assurance of God occurred within a very short time. Hence, Ramaseshar, like Lord Rama, began shooting arrows from his chariot. The Hittite ruler who led the enemy forces ordered the sounding of the conch. In short, the arrows of the enemies did not reach the king. Each and every arrow shot by the king threw hundreds of enemy soldiers into the river Orantis in a wave of destruction. Many enemy fighters lost could not even their arrows. Realizing this, many thought that God Himself was fighting in the place of the king and left the battlefield for their own countries. The war did not last for long. The king’s forces reached him. The King pardoned the Hittite ruler and consented to the pacts requested by him. The King has declared this divine incident by way of paintings, sculptures and inscriptions at a majority of places in his kingdom. While referring to this rare feat, the king has repeatedly praised only the Lord’s glorious blessing and has not in the least referred to his pride or valour. A Christian scholar has mentioned that ‘The subject in fact is not the victory at Kadesh and the defeat of the enemies; important as these may be to the historians, but the indomitable courage of Ramses, his faith in the aid of Gods, the irresistible strength of arms’.

Ramaseshar built temples in each of the 20 thousand cities of Egypt, besides expanding many, like his ancestors. The idol of SetiI, the father of Ramaseshar, sat among the idols of previous kings who functioned as Deiva Saadhus flanked by those of deities. He holds the club in one hand and in the other a complex sceptre combining the different symbols of life and death. Furthermore Ramaseshar was depicted as worshipping his father standing in front of these idols. Similarly, in another temple, Ramaseshar was depicted worshipping his own statue that was sitting among the Gods. This is a philosophical truth (Vedantha Tatvam). Next, the Egyptians were experts in embalming corpses. What can be said about the excellence the Egyptians had achieved at the practice if even today the eyelashes are intact and the skin unshrivelled on the corpses they embalmed? Moreover, it was customary for the both commoners and nobility to bury with their own bodies articles in gold that they could afford. Though similar tombs of kings have been ransacked, a few tombs have escaped such fate. European researchers have discovered these. The corpses buried in intricate velvet coffins, were found to be wearing gold armor decorated with precious stones. Researchers who noticed the striking faces of the kings carved on such armor, have heaped praise on the skills of the Egyptian artisans.

Moreover the geometrical accuracy, symmetry etc. found in the floral designs and decorative art of Egyptians astonished the modern art scholars.

The value of the gold found inside the tomb of Tutankhamen (BC1390-1380) was found to be 2500000 dollars, equivalent to one crore twelve lakh fifty thousand rupees of the time of 19th century British rule.

The King’s tomb consisted of four small chambers filled with 5000 objects-strange animals, statues of gods and gold bejewelled vessels, furniture, writing utensils, musical instruments, weapons, games, decorative object such as the ethereally translucent, effigies of deities such as the glowering glided cobra intended to speed the King’s passage from this to next world.

A few mummies of important kings that were especially safeguarded inside enclosures created by carving into a lofty hill range, are now housed in museums of the Western world. Among those, the Maha Ramaseshar rests in the London Museum. Besides, let us now learn about a few places of the world that were abundant in gold, as far as our knowledge may take us. The Incas who followed the Divine Religion lived unaware of armed conflict. The Spanish Christians who were the first to step into South America waged war on the Incas. The Incan King came forward for a pact of peace. But the Christians imprisoned him inside a hall and posed a condition that gold must be filled inside the hall to the height of an arm’s reach. The subjects who considered their King to be God, gathered all the gold they could find and placed it before the Spanish ruler, begging for their king’s release. But the ungrateful Spanish leader murdered the Incan king, and further tortured the Incan people to for more gold. Let me also, at this juncture, mention a little about the gold of the Jerusalem temple of our religion. A professor has said thus about the Jehova (Shiva) temple of the Hebrew king Solomon –the gold which Solomon (1000 B.C.) employed in overlaying the sanctorum of the Temple, which was no more than thirty feet square and thirty feet high, amounted to four million three hundred and twenty thousand pounds sterling.  The gold which he had in one year from Ophir was equal to three millions two hundred and forty thousand pounds

A huge bronze cauldron that was constructed at the entrance of the temple was borne by seven huge bulls. It was customary for the cauldron to be filled with water every day for the devotees to wash their hands and feet. Solomon had married into Egyptian royalty. He was initiated into spiritual visions by the elders of the Egyptian society. Marco Polo (1256-1323)mentions thus about Japanese gold:

Zipangu (Japan) had gold in greatest abundance.  The entire roof of the palace is covered with a plating of gold in the same manner as we cover houses with tiles.  The ceiling of the halls are of the same precious metals; many of the apartments have small tables of pure gold considerably thick and the windows also have golden ornaments. So vast indeed is the richness of the palace that it is impossible to convey an idea of them.However the quantity from any region in the world cannot compare to its Egyptian or Babylonian equivalent.

Pericles, who ruled during the golden Grecian years (5 BC)got expensive statues made of each Grecian god. In particular, the statues of Jupiter and Minerva that were made with gold, silver, ivory, precious stones, Cat’s Eye, Cedar, Ebony wood etc., were heavily praised by the historians of ancient times. These were creations of a sculptor named Phidias. Imagine the sight of the statues inside temples, with the incredible Jupiter statue standing 50 feet tall, and Minerva 28 feet tall. Jupiter’s statue was seated on a throne. Herodotus has remarked that such Grecian constructions, the Samos temple or the Ephesus temple cannot be compared to the Egyptian creations. He has said: a magnificent labyrinth with four side walls and a ceiling made of marble, containing 1500 courts with each room containing a variety of statues, sculptures and paintings, as did the inner ceiling. Ultimately at the end of the rooms, a Pyramid was seen within the inner ceiling but was constructed from the underground, he has added. Besides he has described the sides of the pyramids were covered with drawings of a variety of creatures, while it stood 240 feet tall with a secret tunnel originating from its base. The Egyptian and Babylonian kings had constructed several secret tunnels in order to travel across their kingdoms. It was a general practice for kings around the world to construct such secret tunnels.  

Besides he has also added that similar to the 1500 rooms above ground level, 1500 rooms were subterranean and contained holy crocodiles along with sacred corpses of kings, and that he was not granted access to the holy underground site.

Secondly, what fascinated me more than this labyrinth, was the Moyaris Lake. The masonry structure of the lake was constructed with granite. The maximum depth was 300 feet. From that depth, two pyramids had been built. Those pyramids were 300 feet above and 300 feet below the waterline. There were two gigantic statues that sat on top of the pyramids. The water of the lake was drained out entirely through a tunnel into the Nile, once every six months and functioned as a dry patch of land. For the other six months, the lake was full of water. The circumference of the lake was 400 miles, Herodotus has concluded. It is difficult for everyone to comprehend the feats of draining the lake of water and refilling it apart from the accomplishment of its construction itself.

The Egyptians who built millions of temples, had also installed idols of their gods, kings etc. on mountain ranges as well. Each tall temple wall declared their divinity and spirituality through paintings. One among the cave temples created on the slopes of mountains was of the time of Ramaseshar. In Abu Simbelat Nubia a few cave temples and idols of deities can be seen, apart from four incredible statues of Ramaseshar seen sitting together on the same plane, at a height of more than 300 feet. Each of these statues are about 90 feet tall. Having survived unscathed until as recently as the 19th century, these have now undergone some damage, with the head of one statue missing. Now since another dam (Assuan Dam)has been planned in that region, and since upon completion of its construction the ancient treasures will be submerged under water, the UNESCO establishment has decided to dismantle the treasures and situate them at a higher elevation on the same mountain. The incredible accomplishment of UNESCO is that the trans-located structure will not vary an inch from the original structure itself. The sum allocated towards this cause is 360 million dollars.

Also, Queen Hatshepsitu mentioned in the earlier pages sent a holy contingent, similar to the one sent by King Sankara and three other kings to their motherland Punt 4400 years ago. It appears to me that this queen (1552-1530) had the Gods sculpted on the slopes of the mountain Deir-el-Bahari, and had it depicted on their left to look like the chief deity was blessing the queen. These magnificent images have over time come to major ruin. An Egypt that achieved excellence in several departments across the world, had to incur the fate of losing its greatness gradually, before losing its divinity. Many centuries before such a fate was met, a Brahmin of excellence had, with sorrow, predicted the future of Egypt.

Thus is accomplished the sad prediction of the Egyptian philosopher whose works bear the name of Hermes Trismegistus.

“O Egypt; Egypt, there shall remain of thy religion but vague stories which posterity will refuse to believe; and words graven in stone recounting the piety. Some other prosperous neighbour shall dwell in Egypt. The Divinity shall reascend into the heaven.  And Egypt shall be a desert, widowed of men and gods.”

A Brahmin of excellence in the American Maya kingdom had announced something similar in the royal court itself. But even during his very time, the Christians reached America, invaded the country and perpetuated Christianity. Upon observing an ancient Maya construction, special features that can be noticed are halls with pillars and cornices similar to those found in our south Indian temples, and the images of dread locked Maharishis seated in those halls. Similar to how the idols of a few Maharishis are seated in a few temples of ours, it is seen that the Mayans established the idols of a few Maharishis who were their ancestors.

Twice a year, the Egyptians partook of castor oil mixed with Kashayam (a bitter tonic). They used cow dung for a variety of purposes. The Egyptian Brahmins bathed three times a day every day. They adopted Sarvaanga Kshavaram (removal of hair throughout the body). Experts have opined this to be an extremely hygienic principle. During the festival processions of God, they wore tiger skin, wielded the trident and paraded behind the Lord. While parading thus, they recited Vedamantras and gestured appropriately. Upon completion of chanting each Vedic chapter, they chanted ‘Kriksha, kriksha’.

The Egyptians called out to the eagles upon laying down food for them every day. There was also a law that awarded immediate death sentence to anyone who killed a cat. But the Egyptians never took to performing unacceptable deeds. During the fag end of the Egyptian era while it was under Roman control, a Roman soldier had killed a cat. He was killed at the very spot by Egyptians. It is to be noted that the Roman government took no action upon hearing the news. They used brass utensils. Even young lads were adept at astrology. A 12 year old boy showed respect towards a 15 year old boy.

Similar to the commoners of the ancient world countries, (why, until those of recent times as well) the Egyptian citizens were unable to read or write. However they were exemplary in discipline, good behavior, intelligence, and honesty. While referring to Egyptians, a great scholar has opined that the merits and virtues of the Egyptians were not told as Idle Tales, while another scholar stated that “the Egyptians are the most ingenious being attentive to the improvement of the memory beyond the rest of the mankind”, and that “they never adopted means that were wrong or prohibited, nor did they falter in living by stringent regulations. Even the lower caste Egyptians lived with characteristics that were appropriate to them. The fat-laden water of the Nile was not used even for cattle.” Another scholar has praised that “Egypt is not a country, but a Gandharva world (paradise).”Another researcher while referring to the Brahmins in particular, has said “Egyptian Brahmins underwent birth and death similar to us. But I do not want to hide the fact that a divine power pervaded their being.”

Thebes is a place of origin of the Egyptians. Until thousands of years before Parameswaran and Parameswari(Osiris and Isis) changed their primary abode to Memphis, Thebes functioned as the chief domicile. Desiring to revive such a holy place, the valorous king Usertsen, obtained God’s permission and began work. This note on Thebes can be found in the epic of Homer as well. (The Grecian Thebes is different). Thebes was the metropolis of Egypt.  Here stood the great royal Temples (Karnak and Luxor) of the hundred-gated Thebes which was dedicated to Amen-Ra, the king of the gods.  This sanctuary which became prominent during the reign of the mighty Usertsen under the old Theban Dynasty between 2400 and 2300 B.C. even now exhibits some ruins in the centre of the building from that period bearing name of this king.  All the succeeding kings emulated in the glory of enlarging this national sanctuary.  A magnificient temple was raised round the remains of the most ancient sanctuary with a great many chambers round the cella with a broad court and pyolons (Tower-like tapering walls on both sides of the gateway) appertaining to them.  In front of the pylons two obelisks covered with gold plate were erected.  Two other high pylons with contiguous court walls were also built – on the backside a hall resting on 56 columns besides many chambers which surrounded it on three sides were encircled by one common outer wall.  In front two more large pylons so that now four lofty pylons formed the magnificent entrance to the principal temple.

In the fifteenth and fourteenth centuries, a far more splendid enlargement was executed -  added in the original axis of the temple, the most magnificent hall of pillars- The store roof, supported by 134 columns, covers  a space of 164 feet in depth and 320 feet in breadth. Each of the twelve central columns is 36 feet in circumference, 66 feet high beneath the architrave; the other columns 40 feet high are 027 feet in circumference.

It is impossible to describe the overwhelming impression when upon entering into this forest of columns and wandering between the lofty statures of gods and kings on every side.  There were also erected many graceful caryatids (draped statues of female figures for supporting the roofs) which the Greeks copied at a much later period in their country.  Every surface is covered with various sculptures.  In front of the hypostyle hall was a great hypaethral court 270 by 320 in extent, decorated on the sides only colonnades and entered by a magnificent pylon.  The entire length amounts to nearly 2000 feet as also the breadth.

The road leading from Luxor to Karnak had omits either side, parapet walls which bore the models of sphinxes at short intervals is a very grand sight to the beholders.

Every king was donating for all the temples according to their ranks. – A great record which fills papyrus roll 1333 feet long with seventy nine pages of a large size, divided into five sections, according to the recipients of the gifts, was discovered by Egyptologists.  Thus for instance 2756 gold and silver idols of gods were destined to Theban temple alone as it lion’s share.  The halls of the mysterious sanctuaries were guilded.  There were several obelisks covered with plates of gold. Sanctum sanctorum of thousands of temples were adorned with gold.  There is no need to mention about the treasures of the palace and the treasures in thousands of Royal temples.

The Egyptian treasures have been ransacked since about 400 BC by the Christian invaders, followed unceasingly by the Arabian robbers, later by Christian missionaries under the guise of research, and finally by the Egyptian sultans. Ultimately the constructions were destroyed to the extent possible. A few Christian scholars reached Egypt to study these. Who were they, you ask? They were the ones who were aware of the ancient glory of the land through the historical accounts of Herodotus. Hence, with the intention that the world should become aware of the greatness of Egypt, they set out studying the walls of the temples. But in spite of roaming throughout the hot region, they only saw the sculptures and paintings on the walls but did not come across letters that resembled writings/scripts. But the lord did not let them down. If the chance discovery of the Rosetta stone (a black stone slab) hadn’t offered them clues, the literary world could not have learnt of the 400 year-history of Egypt. On the slab, a short detail in two paragraphs each containing a few lines –the first paragraph with pictorial script in Egyptian–the second paragraph in Greek –the detail contained in both paragraphs were the same –it was a honorary saasanam presented by the Brahmins to Ptolemy V. These scholars began studying these alphabets in 1814 and completed this exceptional feat in 1824. It was thereafter that the historical achievement commenced –I am at a loss of words when it comes to praising these scholars who dedicated their entire lives to the cause, forgetting family, reaching Africa, neglecting the heat and hunger in a desert area, and most importantly without expecting anything in return. These advanced scholars and popular scientists by nature have been granted a position of excellence by the elite scholars of the world. T hey are referred to as Egyptologists. Among them, Thomas Young, Champollian, Rosellini, Rochard Lepsius, M.Renouf, M.M. Maspero, Samuel Birch,Mariette, Chabas, Brugseh, Meyer, Erman, E.A. Wallis Budge, Flinders Petrie, are noteworthy. Similar to these men, the researchers who brought out the greatness and divinity of Babylon along with ancient scriptures, have begotten a position of excellence in the literary world.

Among the researchers on Egypt, a scientist, Flinders Petrie, set out to also study the ancient land of Egypt. He collected the skulls of various countrymen. He compared them scientifically with those of the ancient Egyptians. Ultimately, he affirmatively concluded that “the ancient Egyptians were from the southern part of South India”. In an editorial ‘Voyage to Punt’, it has been mentioned that a king Sankara sent a holy contingent of 3000 to his motherland 4400 years ago, and that those voyagers passed Arabia, built ships ,reached Punt, visited the holy places of Uak and Rohan, and brought from those places sweet smelling spices to offer to their own Gods. When this voyage by sea is studied, it is evident that the region Punt is our very own Malayalam (Kerala). Moreover a linguistic expert has said that the meanings of a few names derived from Malayalam are also found in the Egyptian language. Many millennia ago, the Aryans from other countries migrated to North India and eventually moved down to South India as well. Therefore, our native Aryans, in an attempt to preserve their unique lineage, migrated to riverbanks in the south, while some groups moved to riverbanks in Malayalam. But as the population of Malayalam increased over time, they sought the help of God. God ordered them to reach the plains of River Nile, and upon reaching the area via land routes, they demarcated use of the lower banks of the river for cities, and the upper banks of the river for cemeteries (Necropolis).Upon learning that the Egyptian Brahmins do not undertake sea voyage, a researcher has expressed inability in understanding the reason behind it. Yes, the scriptures have prohibited Brahmins from performing their daily duties over water. From certain descriptions, it is learnt that the Nile flowed at the speed of approximately 8 miles. In today’s times we walk at a speed of three to four miles. Finally, a Gnaani named John blessed that honey flow in the Nile for up to a month. This Gnaani was born in Antioch of Canaan (Ancient Palestine) 7000 years ago.

 

127 A

அன்றாடமாயிரம் தவறினால் வேதனையேற்பவன் பாபி.

ANDRAADAMAAYIRAM  THAVARINAAL  VEDHANAI  ERPPAVAN   PAPI

He who feels bad if he misses even a day's earnings in thousands.

127 A: People who gain profits running into thousands of rupees a day, and yet get dejected at reduced gains on a given day, have appeared, in the present times.

127 H

வாழ்வும் தாழ்வும் சாவும் அவனருளென்பார் தெய்வ ஸாது.

VAAZHVUM    THAAZHVUM   SAAVUM   AVANARULENBAAR  DHEIVA SAADHU.

He who will attribute ups, downs and death to the grace of god.

127 H: It has been said that fall from grace and death are due to the grace of God. But we are unable to accept it. But Deiva Saadhus derive bliss from these circumstances as well.

127 I

மகான்களுள் சில விதிவிலக்கேற்பவர் அவதார மகான்.

MAGAANGALLUL   SILA   VIDHI  VILAKERPPAVAR  AVADHAARA MAHAAN.

He who is exempted from a few rules that are applicable to Mahan.

127 I: As and when they feel, Mahaans request Gods for miraculous solutions and fulfilment of their personal needs.

128 B

லௌகிக கலையில் மேதையாகத் திகழும் யோகவான் பாமரன்.

LOUKEEKA KALAIYIL MEDHAIYAAGA THIGAZHUM YOGAVAAN PAAMARAN.

The fortunate who excels in worldly arts.

128 B: Even though an individual may have attained popularity by way of exceptional talent in any mundane art, he remains only a Paamaran. If one among these attains all the characteristics of a viveki, he may be considered a viveki. But this is a rare occurrence.

The Lord ordains a variety of mundane benefits in accordance with the good deeds performed in one’s previous birth. This should be described only as a gift. Such a fortunate beneficiary cannot escape the consequences of his evil deeds either.

128 I

வாழ்க்கைச் சிக்கல்களை முற்றிலும் தவிர்த்தவர் துறவி.

VAAZHKAI  CHIKKALGALLAI  MUTRILUM  THAVIRTHAVAR   THURAVI.

He who has completely avoided complications in life.

128 I: Each and every happening in life may be considered a complication in a way.

 131 G

அபூர்வ வான நிலைகளை கணித்தவர் தெய்வ விவேகி.

ABOORVA VAANA NILAIGALAI KANITHAVAR DHEIVA VIVEKI.

He who sizes up rare astronomical conditions.

Vishu Graham Pondravaigalin Sthaanappeyarchi

(The translocation of Vishu, Graham etc)

131G.

Celebrated once every year, New Years’Day (the Vasantha Vishu Punyakaalam) undertakes its long journey at a snail’s pace through each degree of the 12 zodiac signs. That is, this holy period is in a state of repose through the 365 days. It is this holy period that we celebrate as New Years’ Day on the first of the Chithirai month. Many among us believe that New Years’ Day has always fallen on the first day of Chithirai since the creation of the world. That is not the case, however. In the present time, the New Years’ Day (the Vasantha Vishu Punyakaalam) occurs around the 8 th day of Pankuni. That is, holy occasions such as New Years’ Day, Dhakshinayanam, Thulaavishu and Uththaraayanam actually occur 22 days before our date of celebration. That is, the days of the Vishu that sit in each degree (or date) for about 72 years, were calculated by ancient scholars without the use of any devices. This holy period of Vishu travels in a direction opposite to that of the planets and stars as observed by us. The translocation of Vishu or the Precession of the Equinox has been deemed accurate by modern astronomers. But no one has satisfactorily explained the phenomenon of migratory precession of Vishu. Let me attempt explaining the same subject to my limited understanding.

Similar to how each planet in our solar system revolves around the Sun God in an anticlockwise direction, our entire solar system is revolving around a bigger sun in a clockwise direction. (It is now discovered that our Solar system is moving towards the direction of LEO at the rate of 1.6 million miles per hour). This causes the translocation of Vishu. Those desirous of grasping this concept better, mark the big sun at the centre of a large piece of paper. At an approximately 4 inch radius from the sun, draw a circle. On that circle, mark our sun and our earth’s orbit (oval in shape) and place the earth at any point on this orbit. Draw this structure at two more points on the circular orbit of 4 inch radius. Now draw a circle of 10 inch radius from the bigger sun. Divide this orbit into 12 parts, and denote each of the 12 zodiac signs in an anticlockwise direction. Mark the 9 parts of each star within each zodiac sign. Now join the bigger sun and any one of the earths in the oval orbit, with the help of a straight line. Extrapolate this line to touch the dominion of stars. Whichever quarter (paadham) of the star this line touches, you may understand that the Vasantha Vishu occurs in that part. Similarly, in a clockwise motion, extrapolation through the other two earths to the dominion of stars can help you easily understand the precession of Vishu.

The clockwise movement of our sun and earth (i.e. our solar system) should be denoted by arrow marks on the circle of 4 inch radius.

Until1700 years ago when Vishu Punya Kaalam occurred on the 1st of Chithiraiat the start of Aswini, the Deiva Vivekis of our country calculated the days of Vishu with pinpoint accuracy. On both days of Vishu, both day and night are of the same duration the world over. Moreover, the Sun God rises exactly in the east on both days.

Of the sacred festivals we celebrate, Sankrantior Pongal denotes the day on which the Sun God, who unti lthen travels southwards, veers to travel northwards (Uththaraayanam). The Shaastraas have dictated that worldly events (temporal) be held during Uththaraayanam and divine worship and rituals towards ancestors be performed during Dhakshinaayanam. ‘Thaipirandhaalvazhi pirakkum’ (‘When Thai is born, a path is born’) is a saying that proves this concept.

Furthermore, let us now turn to the Niryaana kaalam of Bhishmar, who lay waiting for the Uthraayana Punya Kaalam. Bhishma, an utmost puritan, shed his mortal coil at at his will (Ichaa Mruthyu), 37 years before the commencement of Kaliyuga (according to current Almanac), and 67 days post the start of the Mahabharatha war, lying on a bed of vertical arrows until then. The holy period of Sankranthi as awaited by him, occurred when the Sun entered the 4th quarter of Sadhayam star while the moon entered his 7th day. That is, we should learn that Sankranthi occurred on the Shuddha Sapthami thithi of Maagha (Maasi) month. The day after Sankranthi, on Ashtami when the moon (Valar Pirai- Waxing of the moon) was in the 3rd quarter Rohini star, Bhishma attained to heaven (abode of Gods) at noon, accompanied by one and all. Even today, we accord much sacred importance to Maagha Shuddha Sapthami also referred to as Ratha Sapthami, and many habituallyoffer tharppanam on the following day Ashtami. From this explanation, we learn that Sankranthi which occurred during the Maagha month during Bhishmar’s time has moved ahead to the month of Maargazhi. But let us not forget that these holy periods spanning through 360 degrees, reside in each circle without break, one after the other.

Our recent ancestors who were unaware of the translocation of Vishu Ayanams, announced the advent of Kali as at the start of the present cycle, on the basis of certain astronomical evidences present in Mahabharatha. However it is my opinion that the birth of Kaliyuga was not as recent as claimed by them.

Throughout our Kali Yuga, Northwest India has had a close relationship with the Babylonian kingdom. Babylonian clay tablets have depicted in detail the apocalypse of the previous Kali and how a pristine soul Sithnibhishtam was unharmed during the catastrophe. The legend of Matsyavatharam after the apocalypse has also been noted. According to our Bhavishya Puranam,the message “Upon the advent of Kali, mankind lost Sanskrit, the only language it spoke until then” has been presented as that “Mankind which spoke just one language lost it due to confusion of its tongue (Babel =Confusion of the tongue)” as by the Saltiers (the Brahmins of Babylonia). Besides, the clay tablets have also mentioned about Abiramu (Abraham). Needless to mention that the Saltiers, who have conveyed these details, could not have ignored the advent of the Krishnavatara in Northwestern India, during the time of the Babylonians.

Since Sanskrit, until then spoken by the masses was to fade away, the 80000 Maharishis who resided all over the world left their abodes and reached the Indian forests where no man had ventured. Jagadambikai appeared before them in Kashmir. The Maharishis prayed to Her that Sanskrit live on at least in India. Ambikai granted their wish. It takes around 25827 years for our solar system to revolve once around the big sun. It is customary for the Maharishis to perform Mahayagnyas during the translocation of Vishu and Ayanam. Accordingly, our Puranas have illustrated the Yagnyas they had performed until they resided in India. Our researchers have also calculated the years by deducing the Nakshatra Padas from the Puranic verses.

I do not have the heart to conceal my thoughts, though I am a novice in astronomy. Hence, I believe that the advent of the present Kali occurred at the 12th revolution (as given above). That is, roughly 300000 years are already over (12×25287). Bhavishya Puranam helps establish this fact to an extent. It is mentioned in Bhavishya Puranam that the commencement of Kali was the ascension of SriKrishna to His heavenly abode, and the ascension of King Parikshit to the throne. It is also mentioned that Kali commenced when the Magha nakshatra (Alpha Leonis or Regulus) moved into the Saptarishi constellation.Moreover, a long chronological list of descendants of King Parikshit has been provided. A few rulers belonging to this list ruled for thousands of years, while many others ruled for many millennia. I have not noted down the list. As far as I remember, it seems the rulers of that dynasty held power for more than 250000 years. Post this dynastic rule, many other kings have reigned during the medieval times.

Regarding the verses detailing the Mahayagnas of Maharishis, a friend has claimed that they stretch coherently for over 6000 years. We should know that after this time period, the Maharishis left to their own abodes. Note that since researchers have calculated time in the present circle (vattam) we are compelled to consider that the Maharishis lived in our country until recently. The Saltiers, who have mentioned Nipur, a sacred place tens of thousands of years old, have not mentioned anything regarding the Maharishis. Now we have stepped into the last leg of the Kali Yuga. However at some point of time even in this Kali Yuga a few good things like the British Rule may happen.

Note that since the northern tip of the world is inching towards the Pole star (Dhruva Nakshatram), we refer to it as the North Pole. Similarly, we refer to the southern tip as the South Pole. People living in the Northern Hemisphere still rely on the Dhruva star to know the directions. Let us imagine that while on a train journey, we are able to see through a window, a tower that is 4-5 miles away from us. If the train traverses a straight path without any bends or curves, we see that the tower travels along with us over a distance of many furlongs. Similarly, we know how the peak of a mountain approximately 20 miles away travels with us over a few miles, and how the sun travels with us throughout the entire distance. Thus the objects travel with us, proportionate to both their dimensions and the distance between us and them. However it is not possible for people like me to determine for how long a gigantic autonomous Dhruvanakshatram that exists several galaxies away, has been traveling with us. Our solar system has been revolving through the expanse of the universe at a speed of more than 1500000 kms/hour. Hence it is possible for our earth to pass over a few stars such as Dhruva

It is mentioned in our Puranas that Dhruvan of an incalculable lifespan exists as the king of the constellations and at a position loftier than that occupied by the Saptha Rishis. The time of ascension of Dhruva to this loftier position as mentioned in the Puranas, is the time of his rising for earth, and now sits at about 1½ degrees north of the North Pole. It should be noted that when the present Dhruvan sets, a new Dhruvan will rise. Through such incidences, the Maharishis were able to reveal in particular several occurrences over long periods in time. Such detailed verses, in majority, became indecipherable since the advent of Kali. However, scholars of later times were able to deduce certain details and present it to us. Among these, the time of commencement of Kali is one, as given in the Vishnu Puranam. This beginning of Kali is given as the time of Niryaanaa of Lord Sri Krishna and the ascension to the throne by King Parikshit. Since evidence aiding accurate calculation of this time has diminished, recent scholars have established that Kali’s beginning was at 5050.

The Vishnu Puranam says that Kali commenced when the Saptharishi constellation entered the Magha Nakshatram (Alpha Leonis or Regulus). Most of you would have noticed this constellation of seven stars. People of the West, belonging to the intermediate times, considered these stars stationary. But it has been calculated that it takes these stars, which are indeed to planets, around 100 years to pass through each star starting from Aswini. Some also considered these moved in an anticlockwise direction. According to mathematical experts, it takes 2475 years for this constellation to move from one star to another. Hence, mindful of the fact that this constellation that resided in the Magha star has completed two revolutions, a few contemporaries are satisfied that it coincides with the approximate age of Kali i.e. around 5050 years. But they seem not to have given much thought to find out during which revolution Kali actually commenced.

Let us now pay attention to the structure of the Saptharishi constellation.The one at the northeastern corner is Marichi. West of him and lying a little lower are Arundhathi and Vasishtar, while Angiras lies a little higher in the west. Near to him, there is a square of four stars, with Atri at its east (Eesanya) corner, to Atri’s south is Pulastya, Pulaka at his west. At the northern Vaayuviyam is Kirathu. Arundhathi appears slightly less conspicuous to the southeast of Vasishtar. Note that modern scientists have also discovered a few couple planets (husband and wife) that revolve around each other. One among these are the pair of Vasishtar and Arundhathi. Since ancient times, it is customary during Hindu wedding rituals to look at these ‘couple stars’.

Let me mention another thing here as well. June 21the longest day–(13.58 hours) Dec 21longest night –(14 hours).

I would like to take you now to Egypt for a while. At the 26th latitude, at the banks of the river Nile that flows a little westwards, there existed a place named Dendera. The temple in Dendera in which a Lingam was consecrated at a time well before 6000 years, was sanctified as per tradition during the rule of the later Egyptian kings, and was renovated during the reign of the last Queen of Grecian descent, Cleopatra. In the remnants of this ancient temple today, there can be seen the statues of and pictorial depictions of deities, king's etc along with an idol of Cleopatra and a few verses in Greek (Cleopatra 69-30BC). Even though this temple stands in ruin, it lives on as one of the best Egyptian emblems.

Napoleon (1769 –1821) took interest in visiting these ancient wonders when he toured Egypt. Among the constructions he saw was the temple of Dendera. Not only did Napoleon notice a constellation of zodiac signs on the ceiling of the temple’s hall, he also thought that the ancient zodiac constellation would be of help to his astronomers. But when he observed a few verses in Greek at another place, he assumed that this temple was built during the time of the Greek and abandoned his thoughts.

Observing attentively the very same zodiac constellation, our contemporary Paul Brunton found that Vasanthavishu was depicted in a sign (Raasi) away from the sign (Raasi) that was considered its seat until then, and opined that the illustration was 90000 years old. When calculated from the Vasanthavishu of the Pankunimonth of the present times, it seems that spring could have started during the reign of Uthra nakshatram of KanniRaasiduring the time of relevance of that zodiac constellation. Though spring from KanniRaasi has occurred 4 times during the last 90000 years, when considered from the present,it seems that he has calculated a lengthy spring having taken into account a few more factors. PaulBrunton has described in detail the zodiac constellation thus:

The great round figure was closely packed with effigies, animal, human and divine-set within a globe and encircled by the twelve well-known signs of the zodiac.  And to complete this wondrous symbolism, the forms of twelve different gods and goddesses, some standing and others kneeling, were distributed around the globe with their upraised arms and flattened palms ceaselessly assisting it to revolve.  Thus the whole universe with its unending movement was faithfully, if emblematically, represented by this graphic piece of carving, a memorial of the round worlds which move so rhythmically through our sky and which must leave the most sceptical of sensible minds with a sense of wonder at the sublime intelligence who patterned this universe.

One of the secrets our world has forgotten over time is the translocation of Dhruva. However the astronomers of today have been continuously, perseveringly, with great attention and difficulty, observing for about 70 years the translocation of the North Pole. They had also found that the North Pole is located over 72 square feet. Let us delve into this further. Similar to how the umbrella/cap of a running chariot sways back and forth in all four directions, the top part of our earth that is the 72-sq. ft.-wide North Pole sways floatingly at a snail’s pace in allf our directions in an anticlockwise manner, due to the anti-clockwise revolution of the earth. Moreover, scientists have calculated that over the past 70 years it has moved towards Greenland at the rate of six inches per year. But its orbit path is neither straight nor a perfect arc, but is crooked. That the earth does not uniformly revolve as per its weight and at times differs slightly in its path, is the reason behind this crooked orbit. For instance, if we photograph the moon for half-an-hour and observe the film's negative, we can find that the moon travels in a zig zag course. Hence the quivering of our earth as it revolves ferociously swaying back and forth is the reason for this crooked orbit. Such quivering exists with other planets as well.

I also would like to tell you that the earth which revolves east-west in an anticlockwise manner has not always revolved in that direction. That is the equator, latitudes etc. as mentioned in our geographical earth gradually at the width of a thread bend towards the Northeast while revolving, and over time from the south to the north, then from the east to the west, then from the north to the south, and finally, as at the beginning, thus our earth with its latitude, equator etc. revolve. Hence in agreement with the direction of these revolutions at the time, both poles translocate in accordance. That is both poles sit on a perpendicular axis to the latitudes through each time period.

You may be able to grasp and understand from these explanations that our earth revolves over 360 degrees in all directions and that due to this each sq. ft. of the earth’s surface becomes its north and south poles. Although the movement of the pole is slight it does tie in with many important geophysical questions most of which remain unanswered –the scientists have said. Besides, when it so occurs that each point on the earth’s surface becomes the opposite poles, the cities, mountains and forests on that surface are submerged into glaciers. Similarly when the ocean breaches into land, whatever is on the land surface submerges into the ocean. Besides, islands appear from beneath the ocean and pervade the surface. Hence, we should know that land may become ocean and ocean may become land.

Our earth does not undergo only the phenomenon that I just described –the earth revolves according to the direction of sunrise –that is towards the east –but I have mentioned earlier that the earth revolves in many directions. Moreover, whenever the earth adopts revolution in various directions at each point in time, the sun does not budge each time in order to appear in the path of said revolution of the earth. Hence the earth facilitates its revolution towards the sun by other means. That is, the earth, whenever it tilts in every pointed direction during its revolution, it re-arranges its own orbit around the sun accordingly. To explain this further, if we consider that the earth has a horizontal orbit at present, in future it shall adopt northeast southwest and later north-south vertical orbits. It re-arranges its orbit in a similar fashion over all360 degrees. Through this, the earth has facilitated its west-east revolution towards the sun at all times.

Even if our earth adopts its orbit in various directions, since it, on occasion, adopts its revolution towards the sun, people at each point in time have been referring to the direction of sunrise as east. Hence each direction we determine at one point of time, changes into other directions at another point in time. Yes, what is east or west for this universe! Similarly, what is above and below for the planets in this universe? The universe has no directions. Many such astronomical accounts have been provided by the Maharishis.

Since sunrise and sunset have been happening in other directions as well, the ancient people desisted from mentioning directions. For instance, Aanjaneyar has narrated that he had seen certain countries to his left and others to his right, while carrying the Sanjeevi Mountain. Similarly, in Homer’s epic the same countries have been mentioned as being on left and right. Besides, the ancient Greeks referred to Romans not as those from the West, but as those from the side of the sunset (Hesperia). Hesperus = setting sun or evening. However, keeping in mind our convenience, the world has laid down directions from the direction of sunrise.

From these explanations, you may have learnt now that the sun rises in other directions as well. This miracle was told to Herodotus by the Egyptian Brahmins. They did not mention directions such as east or west either. They also proclaimed that sunset at the present direction of sunrise and sunrise at the present direction of sunset had occurred twice. Herodotus, who was praised as the ‘father of history’ and who had paid obeisance to the purity of the Egyptian Brahmins did not value this marvel lightly. Hence he has prominently noted this piece of news in his book. (Herodotus 484-424 BC).

We have learnt how the latitudes of the earth tilt through each degree, through the course of its revolution. But I could not calculate accurately the number of years it takes for these latitudes to tilt one degree. The Egyptians have declared their time of immigrating to Egypt as 25000 years ago. It is apparent that in those initial years, a magnificent deity named the Sphinx was placed to guard Egypt. Constructed towards east, this deity after having faced at each different direction through the 360 degrees, now sits facing the east again. Hence I consider that it takes about 72 years for the one degree tilt to be completed. Also, a note mentions that at some point in time, there were forests to the north and south of the Nile River. That is, we have to know that in ancient times, the Nile flowed from west to east. Moreover since olden times all temples of the world were constructed to face east. Similarly, Shiva Lingams were consecrated facing east in our country. But until a thousand years ago, huge temples were not built to house them. Hence these Shiva Lingams now face directions different from those they initially faced. Furthermore, those who constructed temples at later times, must have built temples according to the direction that the Lingams faced, and not moved the Lingams around to face the direction that prevailed during their time. If the architects of the temple had situated the Lingams towards whatever direction was the east of their time, we can calculate the age of the concerned temples. That is we can find the age of the temples by counting the degrees from today’s east to the direction the temples are facing. However, as far as I have considered, it is evident that a majority of our ancient temples were not constructed to face the east of their time. The Kanchipuram Kailasanathar temple that is 1200 years old, is the oldest in our country. If it had been built to face the east of its time, it must now be facing 16 degrees to the northeast. On the contrary, it is now facing 16 degrees to the southeast.

On the other hand, while referring to the river Danube, Herodotus has mentioned that it flowed from the northwest to the southeast. Upon witnessing this, the 19th century European scholars were a little hesitant. The reason being, though the river had a few detours along its path, its origin and merging into the ocean are now located facing west-east. That is, it majorly lies along the same latitude. Hence, so as to not refute the father of history, the European scholars pacified themselves thinking ‘Herodotus imagined what he did’. But what Herodotus has mentioned is not inaccurate. During his time, that is 2400 years ago, it is true that the river flowed 35 degrees to the southeast.

Besides, while Herodotus was conversing with Scythian Brahmins, they had mentioned that they had heard from their ancestors of a huge river that flowed underground. At present, Russian scientists have discovered the very same fact.

132 H

வேதத்தைப் பதிய வைப்பதைத் தவிர்த்தவர் தெய்வ விவேகி.

VEDHATHAI PADHIYA VAIPPADHAI THAVIRTHAVAR DHEIVA VIVEKI.

 He who avoided recording of Vedas in any form.

132 H. The  Great Vedamantras should neither be printed nor written down. They should be passed down hereditarily only through voice, even in  million  years. If violated, the power of the Vedamantras shall diminish. Brahmins of the ancient world were mindful of these two tenets.

133 E

காகிதத்தால் கீழோர் பாழானதை அறிபவன் சிறந்த விவேகி.

KAAGIDHATHAAL KEEZHOR PAAZHAANADHAI ARIBAVAN SIRANDHA VIVEKI.

He who knows how the commoner was spoilt by print.

133 E: Since the global advent of paper, though exemplary texts beneficial to scholars were being published, over time, paper began facilitating international exchange of distasteful essays, despicable magazines, abysmal cultures of each country, and the uncouth activities of the wicked. Anticipating this, an intellectual of the bygone century declared thus in a single sentence – “The printing press is a curse upon humanity”.

Until paper became widespread, a majority of the lowly led respectable lives of honesty and discipline. In the present times, obscene book, magazine, pictures and speeches have become rampant. Hence it is imperative that the government prohibits these, besides bringing about an end to the evil activities of the lowly.

 

 

135 C

பூ நலனுக்கு ஹோமமேற்று ஏமாறும் நல்லவன் பாமரன்.

BOO  NALANUKKU  HOMAMETRU  EMAARUM NALLAVAN  PAAMARAN.

The innocent who organises Homam for welfare of the world.

135 C.  Deiva Vivekis of the ancient times performed Homams (Yagnams), though not for prosperity.

They were indebted to Gods for conferring prosperity on them and therefore were duty bound to perform Yagnas as a mark of gratitude.

But in these degenerate times, when the Gods send punishment like recurring fever ….

138 E.

மரண உணர்ச்சியை ஏற்காதவர் தெய்வ விவேகி.

MARANA UNARCHIYAI ERKAADHAVAR DHEIVA VIVEKI.

He who has transcended the feeling of death.

138 E. The Etruscan Brahmins of ancient Rome shined  in spirituality, as did their counterparts the Bardhi Brahmins from among the Druidic Britons.  In general the ancient Brahmins who worshipped the fountain head of all creation in the form of a Linga, also offered various types of worship (Utsavam) to it.  For instance, Phallica- festivals to the Egyptian Osiris, and forming a part of the Greek Dionysia, when the Phallus, the emblem of fecundity (Lingam) was borne by the priests. Besides,  the Etruscans, just like the other Brahmins, imagined themselves to be Kaalarudhras, and danced in front of the Lingam. This was part of the ritual worship protocol. Moreover, they were aware of the philosophies of the soul, similar to the citizens of other ancient countries. Hence they welcomed blissful death with alacrity.  D.H. Lawrence has heaped praise on them, thus: ‘And death to the Etruscans was a pleasant continuance of life, with jewels and wine and flutes playing for the dance. It was neither an ecstasy of bliss, a heaven, nor a purgatory of torment. It was just a natural continuance of the fullness of life, of living’.

140 E

காமதேனு முன்வந்தாலும் மனம் மாறாதவன் சிறந்த விவேகி.

KAAMADHENU MUN VANDHAALUM MANAM MAARAADHAVAN SIRANDHA VIVEKI.

He who does not change his mind even if tempted with the wish yielding cow Kamadhenu.

140 E: When a magic wand capable of granting whatever one wishes, is presented to a Paapi, it is needless to explain what sort of deeds he would commit using it. Even when the magic wand is given to a good individual at the gradation of Paamaran, his mind would change and he will set out to use it for undesirable purposes. Hence, if a magic wand reaches the hands of an individual, the world would be pushed to function with fear and insecurity. When a Viveki is given the magic wand, he would use it to perform divine duties steadfastly, while helping others with their indispensable needs. But, in course of time, he too would succumb to unwelcome desires. A Siranda Viveki, in order to avoid these, would break and burn the magic wand to ashes. The divine Kamadenu will bless us only with wordly fortune, and not extraordinary virtues issuing from pertaining to Vedantic wisdom.

141:   Seemangal = the Rich who are not miserly.

Prabhukkal = the rich who occasionally and willingly performed charitable deeds and offered benefactions to the Gods. Even at my young age, all the Seemaangal functioned as Prabhukkal. Furthermore, all the Prabhukkal were well-educated.

144 A:

விபூதி ருத்ராக்ஷ துளசி மாலை உருட்டும் வேஷதாரி பாபி.

VIBOODHI  RUDHRAAKSHA  THULASI  MAALAI  URUTTUM  VESHADHAARI   PAPI.

The impostor who sports religious symbols such as Vibuthi and rosary made of  Rudraksha/Tulasi.

144 A: The feeble state our country has come to suffer in the 20th century had been attained by the Jewish nation  as early as the first century. The Hebrews who lived in Israel as followers of the divine religion until the 2nd century BC, later converted to Judaism.  Most of the holy men of Judaism turned into impostors early on. Note the following lines of a  contemporary Christian philosopher totally aware of the qualities to be adopted by holy men, such as detachment and pristine virtues, condemning the divine impostors of Judaism:

Acting on the principle: “Build a fence about the law” they saw in the restriction and limitation of action a sign of orthodox piety.  “Driven by ambition and more or less consciously indulging their own selfishness, the Pharisees made piety a kind of trade, in order by it to gain permanent power.”  They wore certain signs, e.g., little roll on arms or neck inscribed with words from the sacred law; and they sought by the “appearance of piety” to draw the people to them.  “Living poor in the sight of the world many of them, nevertheless, did not despise the treasures and pleasures of the world.”

Paamara Ulagamum Praarthanaiyum / The ignorant world and prayer

147 c 

அக்கால ப்ரார்த்தனையால் பலன் கிட்டியதென்பான் விவேகி.

AKKAALA  PRAARTHANAIYAAL   PALAN   KITTIYADENBAAN   VIVEKI.

He who avers that prayers in good old days bore fruit.

147 D

இக்கால ப்ரார்த்தனையால் பலன் கிட்டாதென்பான் ஸாது.

IKAALA   PRAARTHANAIYAAL   PALAN   KITTAADHENBAAN   SADHU.

He who avers that today's prayer is futile.

147 C & D. Prayers are requests made by people towards Gods in order to tide over their difficulties. These prayers are also offered at the tombs of the Mahaans of the Divine Religion. In our world of the Divine Religion, the Gods stopped demonstrating their evident existence in those countries since the time they began seeing a great reduction in the number of good people. Only since then did we commence referring to ourselves as ‘Paamaran’. Howver, over time, we have habitually used the term ‘Paamaran to refer to only the innocent, those unaware of worldly affairs, and the illiterate. That is not correct. Those who possess up and downs in good character and traits are also Paamarargal. That is, ‘Paamaraan’ is in accordance with one’s temperament and modest attitude, and does not concern his intelligence and skill. Morover, if a well-educated individual or an illiterate were only to be considered Paamaran, it wouldn’t be possible to consider all the well-informed as Vivekigal! Even though one may be educated, honorably positioned, skilled in the arts, well-versed in the Shaastraas, or makes for a modern scientist, he is still a Paamaran until he completely acquires the traits of a Viveki. It may also be possible that they sin.

Even during the time of the ignorant when there did not exist tangible proof for the existence of Gods, people held on to their unshakeable belief in divine functioning. Though  not entirely consisting of a Viveki population, a majority of the people were noble. Hence the Gods granted prayers of people based on merit. That is, the Gods released destined punishment, their remedies in the same birth after prayers were offered. Through this, the Gods indirectly made evident their presence to the good people of the past. Several centuries passed by in this manner. But since a few centuries ago sins that were growing at a snail’s pace suddenly increased enormously and greatly exceeded the number of good people in the 20th century. Subsequently, divine sanctity and the benefits gained through prayer began declining since the 19th century and have now vanished completely.

147 D. That is the time of the world of the Paamarargal has passed. Do not worry. The world of the Paamargal is set to return. Now let us revisit Poland. Until the time our Divine Religion existed across the world, the practice of worshipping at tombs of Mahaans was given its due importance. Even after converting to Christianity, the people did not desist from offering prayers at the tombs of Mahaans of the Divine Religion. Among these mausoleums, the tomb of Guiles was of significance. Upon the sudden disappearance of Boleslaw, who murdered Stanislaus (a puritan of wisdom and the pope of Poland), Wladislaw (brother of Boleslaw), took over the kingdom.

Whether Boleslaw should return or not, Wladislaw sensible that he had a powerful party  in his interests, resolved to marry and perpetrate his authority in his offspring. Judih, daughter of Andrew, king of Hungary was selected as the duchess of Poland.  As, however, in two years from her arrival this princess exhibited no signs of pregnancy.  Both Wladislaw and clergy were apprehensive  that she was cursed with barrenness and no less so of the consequences which such a misfortune might produce.  Recourse was had to the interference of heaven; prayers, alms, pilgrimages were employed in vain.

Still the voice of inward conscience spoke out too loud to be silenced and the unhappy duke had recourse to the usualexpedient of the times.  He fasted, subjected himself to the rigorous acts of penance and visited in the garb and with the staff of a pilgrim, the shrines of several saints.  And at last Bishop of Cracow advised him to implore the intercession of St.Guiles, who had done wonderful things in this way.  Pilgrims with rich presents were accordingly sent to the monastery in Lower Languedue where the saint had spent and ended his days.  It is said he ventured a long and painful pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Guiles in Languedue the efficacy of whose intercession had been so signally experienced by his mother.  On his way he relaxed not from the severe austerities he had imposed: with naked feet he daily stood in the shrine, joining with utmost fervency in the canoncical hours, in the penitential psalms and all other offices of devotion.  He relieved all the poor he approached and wasted himself with vigils.  During fifteen successive days he lay prostrate before the tomb of St.Guiles.  such, indeed, was his abstinence, his contrition, his humility that the monks were as edified of his visit as he himself.  Her prayers were heard; for who could doubt that the son which she afterwards brought forth miraculously vouchsafed to her? Her child was christened Boleslaw – 11th century.

Over time, the Christian priests through strict ordinances, banned the worship at the tombs of our Mahaans. 

148 D: . DEIVA BAASHAIYI N SIRAPPAI UNARUM ANNIYAR VIVEKI .

The foreigners who appreciated the greatness of divine language. As early as the 18th century, the Western literary scholars had begun their research on the greatness of our Sanskrit. In particular, astounded by the contents of our Vedas, a scholar by name Max Muller has translated them. Since then, literary works in Sanskrit are being preserved in libraries across Europe and America, apart from Sanskrit being taught in a few universities. Besides, foreign experts who studied our Sanskrit manuscripts used them for a variety of purposes. In particular, our manuscripts were the reason behind the Germans becoming excellent physicians. The Germans who shone with incomparable excellence in many departments were annihilated by the alliance of other super power nations after the Second World War. The scriptures, art etc. that exist today have all originated from Sanskrit. Below are the lines of a contemporary Christian scholar on Sanskrit: Sanskrit is not dead. It will go on forever, whereas other languages like English die out in 100 or 200 years said Dr.A.K. Warder, Professor of Sanskrit and chairman of the Department of Sanskrit and Indian Studies, University of Toranto, Canada. “No language has so far produced a greater work than Panini’s grammar. It is the most complete description of a language ever written and it has given eternal life to Sanskrit language’ the Professor said. He regretted that Sanskrit is badly neglected in India. India ought to have recognised Sanskrit in the constitution itself. He said that there are now 150 under graduates, 25 post graduates and 10 doctoral students in the Sanskrit Department. “They are interested mostly in Philosophy, Literature and History. You can understand all these aspects clearly only when you get access to the language.” He also admitted that the cults like Hare Krishna and so called Maharishis had distracted students from serious study of Indian Philosophy. 148 G. . THANNAI P ONDRA MAHA PURUSHARUKKU ADI PANIBAVAR M AHAAN. He w ho obeys another extraordinary man like him.

 

148 G. It was customary for Thyagaraja Swamigal to sing in praise of SriRama, and while doing so, walk around town and accept rice as alms from Bhaktas offering it with utmost devotion. One day, the song of another such singer fell upon his ears. At once, he began paying keen attention to it. He found that the other singer’s tone brimmed with deeper devotion and divinity than his own. He regretted that he did not possess such a heart. Immediately, he developed tremendous devotion for the other singer and set out to find him. It was at this time that he sung ‘ Entharo Mahaanubhaavulu’while on his way. He spotted the Bhagavathar, and prostrated at his feet. Later, standing up, with folded hands, he requested affectionately “may I beget the fortune of learning thy name?” “My name is Rama Bhagavathar”, replied the Bhagavathar and disappeared in an instant. Thus Sri Ramapiraan granted the blessing of His vision on one occasion to Thyagaraja Swamigal. Similar to Thyagaraja Swamigal, Muthuswamy Dhikshathar and Syama Sastrigal were two Mahaans who reached God through their songs. These three are referred to as the Musical Trinity.

150 C. . VEDHAANTHA BAASHYANGALAI AARAAYUM ANNIYAR VIVEKI .

The foreign wise men who researched expositions of Vedantha. The sages who had realised the highest truths embodied in the Upanishads, assert that they have discovered the purport of all the Vedic teachings in the knowledge of the Absolute, of whom the gods worshipped in the Manthras as well as all objects of creation are mere names, forms and relative manifestations.

150 D: . DEIVATHIN ANBAI ETRA DEIVA MADHA MANNAN VIVEKI .

The king w ho ruled a country of divine religion and derived divine love. 150 D: Even though the country of Egypt had begun losing its spiritual greatness since 3 BC, it was full of divinity. In such later times, two Egyptian commoners were handicapped in their eyes and hands. They sought God. God in turn ordered them to seek relief from the king. This incident has been proclaimed by Tacitus, a scholar of the time of that particular king. The sober minded Tacitus relates one of the incidents when Vespasian was in Egypt, which is worth repeating, if for nothing else, to illustrate the gap between the writing of sober history in that day and in our own. During Vespasian’s stay at Alexandria, one of the common people of Alexandria known to have a disease in his eyes, embraced the knees of the emperor, importuning with groans a remedy for his blindness. In this he acted in accordance with the admonition of the god Serapis and he prayed the emperor that he would deign to sprinkle his cheeks and the balls of his eyes with the secretion of his mouth. Another, who was diseased in the hand, at the instance of the same god, entreated that he might be pressed by the foot and soul of Caeser. Vespasian at first ridiculed the request and treated it with contempt; but when they persisted, at one time he dreaded the imputation with weakness, at another, he was led to hope for success, by the supplications of the men themselves and the encouragement of his flatterers. Lastly he ordered that the opinion of the physicians should be taken, as to whether a blindness and lameness of these kinds could be got the better of by human power. The physicians stated various points that in the one the power of vision was not wholly destroyed and that it would be restored if the obstacle was removed; in the other, that the joints which had become diseased might be renovated, if a healing power were applied; such peradventure was the pleasure of the gods and the emperor was chosen to perform their will. To sum up all, that the glory of accomplishing the cure would be Caeser’s, the ridicule of its failure would rest upon the sufferers. Accordingly, under an impression that everything was within the power of his fortune and that what had occurred nothing was incredible, with a cheerful countenance himself and while the multitude that stood by waited the event in all the confidence of anticipated success, Vespasian executed what was required of him. Immediately the hand was restored to its functions and the light of day shone again to the blind. Vespasian 69 – 79 A.D. Parameswaran, with the face of Nandikeswarar, was referred to as Seraphis in Upper western Asia and Europe. 150 H. . SOOKSHMA NAADIGALAAL YOGATHAI VAGIPP AVAR MAHAAN. He w hose subtle pulses cause Y oga in him. 150 H: The Canaans (ancient Palestinians) referred to the singular Vedantic God with the term ‘Brahmam’. We learn from history that the Hebrews of the Divine Religion who appeared later used the same term as well. Brahma = one among our Holy Trinity of Gods. Brahmam = Paramporul; Almighty. 151A: . VIGRAHANGALAI THIRUDI AYALNAADUGALIL VIRPAVAN PAPI. He who steals idols of gods and sells them abroad. 151A: Our country is not as poor as it is at present. Until as recently as a few centuries ago, a few rare products grew in our country, and spectacular prosperity prevailed. Besides, the enormous quantity of gold and several varieties of articles that were bought by the ancient Phoenicians from our countrymen was enjoyed by citizens of many other countries as well. Unlike people of other religions, our country men w ere never greedy at any point of time, to resort to, invasion of other countries to loot gold. We achieved independence. Our very own Hindus steal and smuggle idols of our deities to other countries. The value of one such idol- the Shivapuram Nataraja of Kumbakonam is one crore rupees. The Thiruvaalakkudi Natraja idol of the same region is valued at 50 lakh rupees. Both of these sit in museums of the western world. 152- A . DHEIVA DHANDANAIYAI THAPPA MUDIYAADHA EMMADHATHINANUM PAPI. He who belongs to any religion but faces divine punishment. 152- C . THATHAMARIN KADAVULAAL PAAPA NAASATHAI NAMBUVOR PAAMARAN. Those who believe dissolution of sins by their respective Gods. 152-D . PALA MADHA KADAVULGALAI KANDU ADHISAIYIPPAVAN VIVEKI. He who wonders at the spectacle of different Gods worshipped in different religions. 152 A-C-D: There is no relief from effects of sins. Maasu, thappu, thavaru, ariyaaththavaru, dosham etc. have remedial measures. When you happen to help a great man out, if it so happens he fails to thank you for it, and the thought occurs to you that he did not thank you for it, you attain dosham for it. When prohibited deeds are performed, or when everyday living rules are violated, or when disrespect is shown, dosham occurs. Remedial measures for Dosham, thavaru etc. exist only for Vivekis and those on higher levels (than Vivekis). Those undergoing remedial practices are exempted from birth as other creatures for the wrongs they committed. Bathing in holy rivers and chanting remedial mantras, they attain relief. Generally, Mutrina Vivekis and others on higher levels will not commit thavarugal or any kind of koodaadhavaigal. However any koodaadha seyal that may occur are exceptions to them. If a citizen of the country commits a crime, a king of the country functioning as a Siranda Viveki may lay down his life. Such a person is elevated to the level of a Mutrina Viveki without having to cross a few steps at his own level. 152-F . KALIKAALATHIL PALA KADAVULGAL ENBAAN SIRANDHA VIVEKI. He who says that there are many "one and only god " in the age of Kali. 152 F: Dheivangal are one kind, while Kadavul is another. Deivangal originated from Kadavul. Kadavul is a single entity. But when each new religion is born, new gods come along. We have the habit of mentioning Dheivangal at times as Kadavul. There is no harm in that. Similarly, who we are provoked by the misbehavior of a fool, we ask him “don't you have gnaanam”. 153-E . VARUNDHI OPPUDHALAAL PAAPAM VILAGUVADHAI ERKAADHAVAN SADHU. He w ho does not approve repentance as a means for remission of sins. 153 E: If repentance is accepted as a policy by a religion or a society, 90 percent of the public (and the ignorant) would consider it their license to sin. That is, their line (to commit sins) would be clear. Needless to explain what would happen if they are also told that they can attain the world of Moksha. These tactics have not only succeeded in augmenting crowds for religions, but also have provided unbridled opportunity to commit sins. Therefore those who make use of the concept of repentance would face twice the quantum of punishment in hell. 153-F . THEEDHUKEEDAANA THYAAGATHAI VILAMBIYAVAN SIRANDHA VIVEKI . He w ho prescribes a sacrifice to repent a w rong deed. 153 F: For instance, if A had caused bodily harm to B, he has to approach B with a contrite heart and request him to cause him the same harm. If B does not comply, A has to harm himself right in front of B. Or, if B had killed A’s child, B has to kill his own child in front of A. Or if B had looted A’s property, B has to return the stolen items to A besides working for A as his slave for a few days as repentance for his sin of stealing. For sacrifices such as these, there are no punishments in hell or in the next birth. With regards to a ruler, he will incur sins if he does not award ghastly punishments meant for each sin committed. Manu NeedhiChozhan sacrificed his son who was responsible for the death of a calf. He had installed a bell at his palace gates along with a rope, which his subjects could ring to let him know of their grievances if any. Since people without grievances were not to touch the bell, it was covered with dust due to disuse. One day, as the prince was driving his horse-drawn chariot, a playful calf died, having been caught under the wheel. Wailing with grief at the sight, the mother cow pulled the rope of the palace bell. Shocked upon hearing the bell, the king rushed to the palace gate. The prince, distraught by the sad incident that had occurred without his knowledge, ordered for an appropriate remedial measure. He fell at his father’s feet and with sadness, narrated the incident. The king however said “Son, there is no remedy for this. We are both responsible for this mishap. Some error has occurred in my rule. If not, this mishap would have not occurred. Hence, the remedial measure should be that I accept the punishment of losing a child, while you accept the punishment of laying down your life”and drove the chariot over his son, killing him in the same manner as the calf was killed. The king was functioning at the level of Deiva Saadhu. Hence, God revealed the accurate just nature of the king through enacting this incident, and brought both the calf and the prince back to life. 154-F . ULAGIN OREY KALAACHAARATHAI AARAAI NDHA MEDHAIGAL VIVEKI. The intelligentsia w ho examine the one and only culture prevalent throughout the w orld. 154 F. Through Puranams we are aware of the fact that Gods who created our world are being worshipped since time immemorial. However let us pay attention to the lines of an expert who studied how the people of the entire world functioned as followers of a single religion, to the extent of known history. Religion appeared essentially as a cult of the mighty forces of nature. The deities were worshipped with and without temples and images were appealed with prayers and sacrifices. The art of prophecy was developed early as also oracles. I think I am right when I say that archaeologists are unanimous in considering the manking the outcome of one and the same civilisation and the product of one and the same race. The religious ceremonies and rituals were celebrated in the temples of ancient Greece, Crete, Egypt, Persia and India with splendour religious feeling and understanding. Although the names of the deities were different, the substance and the truth of the cosmic Law veiled in the allegory of the ritual were the same. M.Manas 155 B. At the end of 4th century BC (A.D), Christianity was established. Many centuries later, the Bible was completed. In the meantime, Christian priests tried to convert each kingdom of the divine religion in Europe and its subjects to Christianity. During the initial years, death threats during religious conversions were not scarce. For instance, it so happened that the 9th century Bulgarian king Boris of the Divine Religion was forced to convert to Christianity. Generally firstgeneration converts could not escape the feeling of guilt and sorrow resulting from the sin that had befallen them. But this Boris felt no such worry. Furthermore he forced the citizens of his capital to convert to Christianity immediately. The people and the Brahmins (Boyars) who led them opposed vehemently. But after a few Brahmin families fell prey to the sword, the others had no other option than to convert. A Christian scholar has referred thus to this incident –about sixty whole families of Boyars were exterminated by the unworthy deed of the newly converted Christian. Since people during the times of Boris and his successor were forced to convert, many of them joined the association of Bogomiles and adopted the garb of a Sannyasi. Generally the priests targeted the Brahmins first, during their conversionary tactics. Why go this far? As soon as Christianity was proclaimed, the religion began using murder as a tool. Around 385 (A.D), a chief priest Ambrose ordered Theodesiu, the first Chrisitian Emperor of Rome, to kill the Egyptian Brahmins, to demolish temples, and to spread the religion. Such activities were adopted by many of the successive priests, apart from doing the same to compete with Muslims in India. For instance I present below a commentary by someone, upon the pages of a Christian author who to an extent studiednthe w ay in w hich Hindus in the Goan region were converted: Christianity in Goa:- The historical enquiry relates to the period 1510- 1567. Its purpose is to examine minutely and carefully the traditions in many Goan homes that Christianity spread in Goa by the use of force. The author made extensive researches in the Archives of Rome for several years. He studies the numerous letters which the Jesuit Missionaries wrote to Europe for publication and also the confidential letters which they sent to their superiors in explanation of various happenings in their mission fields. This information he checked with statements by eyewitnesses who condemned or approved the action taken by the Missionaries. He has come to the conclusion that the evangelists in their missionary fervour made many mistakes. He also points out that today the Roman Catholic Church in the proceedings of the recent Vatican council acknowledges that many mistakes have been made. The author takes pains to show that while the missionaries encouraged the use of force, they did so because they were sincere and truly believed that they were doing the right thing. He accepts however that man should follow Jesus Christ not from any fear of persecution, or from any motive of economic or social betterment but by free choice. During the initial years of converting each country to their religion, both Christianity and Islam either demolished the temples of those countries or altered their towers to resemble theirs to enable worship according to their religion. The followers of the Divine Religion, newly converted to either of these religions, took consolation in worshipping alien Gods at least at the same holy sites. A majority of the temples of Europe in which our Gods resided were converted in those years to churches. St Paul’s Cathedral that stands a majestic 346 feet tall, was erected at the site of a Roman temple of Goddess Diana. A buried temple for the Sun God ‘Mitra’has been discovered recently near this church. A majority of you will not be unaware of the conversion of a temple at Mecca with a Sivalingam in its sanctum, to a mosque. On the same day, the Meccan people, at the edge of a sword, were converted to Islam. If you observe a few old mosques in our country, you can see that the structure of their interior halls and pillars resemble those of our own culture. The small lmosques that are seen at the junction of streets in a few towns of Tamil Nadu are all old temples of Vinayagar. Among the few temples of Tamil Nadu that had been converted into mosques, Natharshah Mosque with a huge dome, near the Trichy Fort station, was built over the Ratnagireeswarar (Shiva)temple. Since ancient times, the installation a Sivalingam over the tombs of elders and in particular those of Mahaans, was a tradition adopted by each country. For a long time post the embracing of Christianity by every European country at each century, the Christian people did not abandon the custom of praying at the tombs of Mahaans of the Divine Religion. Moreover, they bathed with water and wine, the lingams that sat atop each tomb. Despite the fervent attempts of the Christian priests to put an end to such worship, the people with unanimous obstinacy continued their custom. Hence, the priests began interring dead Christian priests in those tombs and installed crosses on top of them. The people, though, reinstalled the lingams again on top of the tombs. However, over time, due to the strict enforcement of each of the Christian laws, worship of the Lingam has disappeared completely. BertrandRussell has this to say in regard: Considerable elements of Phallic existed in all the pagan religions of antiquity and supplied the Fathers with polemical weapons. In spite of their polemics, however, traces of phallic worship survived throughout the Middleages and only Protestantism was successful in extirpating all vestiges of it. “In Flanders and in France ithyphallic saints were not uncommon, such as St.Guiles in Brittany, St in Anjou, St Grelucon at Boureges, St Regmuard, St Armad. The most popular throughout france was St Fautin. When his shrine at Embrum was destroyed by the Hagnonots, the phenomenal phallus of the holy personage was rescued by the ruins stained red from abundant libations of wine, which his worshippers had been in the habit of puring over it, drinking thereafter the potation as an infallible remedy against sterility and impotence.” That which pervades the entire universe, that which takes no form, that which cannot be understood by those of the world, that which cannot be satisfactorily explained, that Paramporul which wields the magnificent power of creating Gods - is said to be Kadavul. Excepting our Upanishads, the other religions are unaware of this truth. But these alien religions, not content with depicting that single Kadavul wrongly, have also demeaned us that we are struggling with false Gods. Moreover Quran prohibits worship of our Mahaans who had worshipped Gods. Though associates of Nabi during the early years accepted this, they begged Nabi to grant exception to worship at the tombs of two Mahaans of the Divine Religion –Safa and Marwa. Nabi conceded their request reluctantly. Similar to how our orthodox Hindus (Vaidheekargal) chant the names of the lord while rolling rosaries (Jabamaalai) through their fingers, the Muslim Maulvis utter the names of Safa and Marwa with rosaries.

 

155 B :

NAMADHU KOVILGALAI IDITHU MAATRIYA ANNIYAR PAAPI 

Naagoor Dhargaavum Velaankanniyum – Naagoor Dhargaa and Velaankanni

Alien religions are unaware of the fact that Thuravigal and Gnaanigal belong to the Divine Religion, that without completion of the state of Mahaan the state of Thuravi cannot be attained, that only Thuravigal can lay claim to a solitary God, and such Thuravigal are above divine worship. Islamists, oblivious of these philosophies, consider our Thuravigal as Muslims. That is, one who performs miracles but does not visit temples or worship Gods, is habitually considered a Muslim Mahaan by Islamists. The tombs of a few such Thuravigal are still under the control of Muslims.

Veeraasaami, a Brahmin who lived in the Chola kingdom, had attained the state of a Thuravi. He undertook tours of the coastal areas, especially the regions of Nagoor and Nagapattinam. Muslims were inhabitants of Nagoor even in those times. People of the region, including Muslims, who witnessed the miracles performed by the Thuravi, extolled him as ‘a great Mahaan’. But as I mentioned earlier, the Muslims did not praise him as a Mahaan of the Divine Religion. Our Veeraasaami Thuravi did appear at times amidst members of all communities. The Hindus took pride in the fact that the Muslims  too sought refuge in our Thuravi. Ultimately, as it were, the Thuravi happened to shed his mortal coil in a Muslim-dominant area of the region, following which the Islamists buried his body and erected a tomb above it. Now known as the Naagoor Dhargaa, the tomb has been under control of Muslims since its construction. Until the last century, Hindus had adopted the practice of worshipping at the Dhargaa, and a few continue to do so even today. The Muslim priests, peacock plumes in hand, bless the devotees with the words ‘Meera Sahib’ (Veera Sahib).

Let us now visit Velaankanni. A small city in present times, Velaankanni was a rustic village in the 17th and 18th centuries. An unknown Maariyamman resided in a hut there. In the region where fishermen had ample opportunity for livelihood, an old woman made her living by selling paniyaaram (an Indian snack). She lived with exemplary honesty and exceptional devotion towards the divine. She began her trade everyday only after offering a snack to the Maariyamman first. While eking out a living thus, reduction in sales made her worried. Even in the face of trouble, she did not stop her practice of offering a snack to the Maariyamman. On a particular day, not one snack was sold, and the old woman was distressed. At that moment, a lady accosted the old woman and bought a few snacks, offering a few gold coins as payment. Astonished at the sight of the money, the old woman hesitated to accept it. Stuffing a lot of gold coins into the old woman’s hands, the lady disappeared from the sight of the snack-seller at the very same spot. Only then did the old woman realize that she had received the blessing of Maariyamman.

Let me tell you another thing here. While people think that their requests are granted only when they visit popular and rich temples, some may doubt the possibility of  a relatively unknown Maariyamman idol having such powers. Similar to those in other ancient countries, our nation too have a few famous holy places. Each area may also have less popular, simpler temples. The divinity that actively permeated these temples were one. That is deities residing in one neighbourhood namely Sivan, Perumaal, Pillaiyaar, Murugan, Devi and the rest, are the same that reside in the temples at other places as well. However, the wise have also attached significance to a few particular holy places. It is the intention of the wise that pilgrimage to these holy places be undertaken at least once during one’s lifetime. Note that if ignorant bhakti joins pure conduct and character in a man, even deities in huts may (if They so desire) perform miracles unto him, as in the case of the old woman. The Gods may perform miracles at any temple at Their whim. But miracles with witnesses and proof are not going to occur in these times. We are bound to perform our duties out of gratitude to God by way of everyday ‘Temple visits’ and ‘Worship of Deities’.

In these times, a few famous exaggerate and advertise their favorite temples greatly as boon-granters. People of today, who suffer from a variety of difficulties resort to thronging such temples. Such flocking is unnecessary.

Besides, since sinners have increased manifold in present times and are flocking popular temples in great numbers, divine presence in temples has diminished. However, though divine presence has diminished in temples in general, it is very very  essential that the good people in the community visit the poor or rich temples in their locality and worship the deities dutifully. Temples once functioned as the residences of Gods.

Let us now return to Velaankanni. Residing in a hut similar to those of Her surrounding subjects, the Mariyamman idol did not have as much as a penny as Her property. However people did offer the idol whatever little they could, with devotion. People of the past were mostly honest, and adopted bhakthi laced with sincerity. Hence Devi had sanctified the idol with Her presence. With regard to the old woman, she did not pray for riches. She only shared her worry of not having sold even a single snack that particular day. Since she lived a life of exceptional purity, Ambaal blessed her thus.

As the news of this divine miracle spread across the less-populated region, people from neighboring villages began visiting the Maariyamman to worship and pray to Her. At this time, a few Europeans using trade as a guise, competed with each other to establish their dominance in India. Amongst them, the Danish Christians built a fort in Tharangampaadi of Tanjore district and dug in their feet  firmly.

Of the European Christians, the portugese was the first to settle in Nagapattinam.  The Dutch expelled the Portugese in 1658 and this Danish built a fort at Tranquebar.  Danish missionaries installed a printing press there.  Subsequently French started a trade market at Karaikal.

Did I not mention about the Danish Missionaries? While they were looking for more conducive places for themselves along the coastline, they happened to hear of the miracle of the Maariyamman and proceeded to occupy a large land area around Her temple. They constructed a small building to house the Maariyamman, and distributed material and clothing relief to the inhabitants of the surrounding region. Gradually, they took to converting most of the villagers to Christians. It was propaganted that Maariyamman and Mary Amman were one and the same, and the Maariyamman idol was removed. Her place was usurped by captivating idols of Mary and Jesus. Even then, many Hindus continued to worship the idols in the name of Maariyamman only. During the following century, the Mary Amman temple was constructed as a grand shrine of Mary and promoted as a temple for Christians. Also, the Christian priests took to printing fictional material proclaiming that Mary Amman was performing iracles and that the disabled and destitute were gaining inexplicable relief from their troubles upon visiting and worshipping her. Similarly, a few Hindus also indulge in exaggerating the powers vested in their favorite temple deities. Yes, it is essential for people intending to gather followers for their religious organization or holy association, to pour out fictional accounts of miracles. Ultimately, Maariyamman transformed into Mary Amman.

However, since both these shrines were patronized from the beginning by Hindus, their descendants continue to follow the practice. Whether the history I had given here is accepted by others or not, I am heartened that the Muslims and Christians are still sustaining the shrines as places of worship.

155 D.

தெய்வங்களினியக்கத்தை நம்பும் அன்னியர் விவேகி.

DEIVANGAL   IYAKKATHAI   NAMBUM   ANNIYAR   VIVEKI.

Foreigners who believe in polytheism.

155 F

பாப பெருக்கத்தால் தெய்வ மறைவென்பான் சிறந்த விவேகி.

PAAPA PERUKKATHAAL DHEIVA MARAIVENBAAN SIRANDHA VIVEKI.

He who avers the disappearance of divinity due to proliferation of sins.

155 D & F. The rise of religions with ‘hitherto-unheard-of’ policies that denigrate divinity, is facilitated in countries belonging to the Divine Religion in which sins become pronounced, during the Kaliyuga of each Mahayuga (a Mahayuga consists of four Yugas). It may also be the case that members of the Divine Religion may be its namesake followers. Since we have come to behave like the latter, we are unable to establish with proof the functioning of Gods, to others. Nevertheless historian-scholars and especially researchers, have without hesitation declared the functioning of Gods and the divine forsaking of men during the present times. A contemporary theist Paul Brunton thus states:

Fools  seeing the pictures of the abodes of the gods and goddesses in the ancient  Egyptian temples wonder how the ancients could be so stupid as to believe these things.  The deities  themselves are far from fictions.  There is room in God’s infinite universe for other and higher beings than man and even though took various names and forms, at varioustimes, these deities did not change their innate character.  I think with Plutarch that : ‘Not different gods with different people but like the Sun, Moon, Sky, Earth, Sea are the common property of all men but yet are calle dby different  names by different nations.”

If apparently, they have retreated from our vision today, their work cannot come to an end.  This retreat can be only to realms less tangible to out physical senses, but we are none the less within their sphere of influence.  They still watch the world which has been entrusted to their care; they still control the trends of human evolution, even though they no longer descend into visible earthly forms.  I believed in the gods as the ancient Egyptians believed in them- as a group of super human beings who watch over the evolution of the universe.

Zosimus, a 5th Century Christian historian has sorrowfully affirmed the diminutionishment of both divine functioning and celestial incidents. Furthermore, he has condemned the Roman emperor Constantine for having validated Christianity. He was justly severe in his structures on Constantine.

Dr. Ulrich (Prof. of Classical Philology at the University of Berlin, member of the Imperial Archaeological Institute) a Greek scholar of the 19th Century, undertook research in the history and mythology of Ancient Greece, and has thus stated the significance of Lord Apollo of Delphi:

The freeman has come into being; the power above him, which we call society or the state has also come; at that time it was called Law or Custom Nomas and this power is sanctified by the existence of an exponent of the divine revelation, the god (i.e. the Apollo) of Delphi.  The authority of this god and of the Oracles by which he answers through his priests is undisputed.  He addresses the mortal with the warning “know thyself”, that is as a creature that is mortal.  He enjoins self-control and self-restraint; the numerous Greek adages recommending moderation.  The praise of the mean and of equality the encomiums on soprosyne belong to this period and to this world.  No doubt so much would not have been said of this virtue if it had not been so rare, but erroneous as it is to conceive of the Greeks as examples of the virtues they recommend.  The establishment of this moral ideal is significant; a compliment to their faith in the power of man to gain admittance into heaven by force.

A famous London Banker Grote (1794-1871) also dedicated his later life to researching Grecian culture and mythology. He says:

The traditions  are not of course, to be weighed on the same scale with the concrete findings of the modern historical investigators.  But neither on the other hand, should they be set aside.  We live in a world curiously woven full of paradox and illusion.  Often it chances that the records, even of recent times, which bear the fullest stamp of authenticity are really nothing more than fables, a mixture of prejudice, falsehood, myth and fetish.  And on the other hand it may chance that a purely fabulous record contains the very essence of history.  Indeed, always, where the tradition is of longstanding and widely accepted among a people at some stage of its evolutions, such a tradition must be redolent of the zeitgeist of its epoch.

It may be as such fables commonly are impossible tales of gods and godlike heroes of superhuman feats and supernatural creation and yet none the less it is in one sense historically true.  If nothing more, it is the epitomized history of the psychology of an epoch.  But generally it is more than that; it is the idealized expression of a racial memory of actual events idealised, glorified, transfigured, yet perhaps never actually created save upon a substratum of facts.  And how infinitely expressive this idealised record becomes.  It condences the events of centuries, sometimes into a phrase; it embodies the essence of civilization of an epoch in a parable.

Who would give up the Homeric legends, with their records of gods and supernatural heroes for the realistic recitals of Thucidides? Who would give up the myths of Greece for a record of actual wars?  Fortunately we have not to make the choice;  we may retain the one record to supplement the other.  So, the historian should do with the early records of every people wherever accessible.

Generally, the ancients lived without the need for Oracles. Oracles were usually given through men or women, chosen by Gods. But during the final  years of the Egyptians, the idols of Gods themselves mouthed Oracles. Oracles functioned in each country of the ancient time. Apart from these Oracles, answers and solutions to problems were granted in a variety of ways. For instance, during the time Christianity had still not been established, L. Domitius Aurelian (270-275 AD) a Roman emperor belonging to the Divine Religion, attempted a second invasion on Palmyra. Queen Zenobia of Palmyra, also belonging to the Divine Religion, lost the war. Domitius Aurelian did not order the queen’s execution. He, instead, ordered her to be restrained all over by heavy gold chains and be brought to Rome by foot. Let me mention below a few lines regarding Zenobia:

After the death of her husband Odenathu, Zenobia held the government in the name of her remaining sons.  In her person she displayed the beauty of theEast.  Her voice was strong and harmonious.  She spoke the Greek, Syrian and Egyptian languages.  She was fond of study but at the same time she loved vigorous exercises and she accompanied her husband to chase the lion, the panther and the other wild beasts of the wood and desert, and by her counsels and vigour of mind she greatly contributed to his success in war.  To these manly qualities was united a chastity.  Viewing the union of the sexes as the appointed means of continuing the species, zenobia would admit the embraces of her husband only in order to have offspring.  She bore the title of Queen of the East, wore royal robes and the diadem, caused herself to be adorned in the oriental fashion and put the years of her reign in her coins.  She defeated an army sent against her by the powerful Gallierns:  she made herself mistress of Egypt and her rule extended northwards as far as the confines of Bithynia.  This extraordinary woman claimed a descent from the Ptolomies Egypt.

 I cannot here omit to mention (Zosimus Contincres) what happened before the ruin of Palmyra (ancient Tudmor) though, I profess only to write a transient history.  For as Polybius informs us by what means the romans in a short space of time attained a vast empire.  It is my purpose to show, on the other hand, that by their ill management in as short a time they lost it.  But I am now speaking of the Palmyrenians who having as I related acquired a large portion of the Roman Empire, were warned by several declarations from the gods of the overthrow which they afterwards sustained.  For example at Selencia in Cilicia there was a temple of Apollo and in that temple an oracle.  It is reported of this deity that he used to give to those that were infested with locusts, a species of birds called Selewciades, which used to hover about his temple and would send them along with any that desired it; that these birds would fly amongst the locusts, catch them in the mouths and in a moment destroy a vast number of them thus delivering the people from the mischief they produced. This I ascribe to the felicity of that age; our own generation (5th Century AD) has not merited such kindness from heaven.  The palmyrenians having consulted this oracle, to learn if they should ever gain the empire of the East received this answer:

‘Accused race, avoid my sacred fame

Whose treacherous deeds the angry gods disdain’

And some persons inquiring there concerning the success of the expedition of Aurelian against the Palmyrenians the gods told them,

‘One Falcon many doves commands, whose end on his destructive pounces must depnd.’

Another event was like wise much circulated of the Palmyrenians (Says ZosimusP). Between Helipolis and Byblus is a place called Aphaca, where is a temple dedicated to Venus Aphacitus and near it a pond resembling an artificial cistern. Here is frequently seen, near the temple and in the adjacent places, a fire in the air, resembling a lamp of a round figure, which has appeared even in our time as often as people have assembled there on particular days.  Whoever resorted hither, brought to the pond some offering for the goddess, either in gold, silver, linen, silk or anything of like value.  If she accepted it, the cloth sank to the bottom, like substances of greater weight; but if rejected, they would float on the water and not only cloth and such substances, but even gold, silver or any other of those materials which usually sinks.  For an experiment of this miracle, the Palmyrenians, in the year before their overthrow, assembled on a festival and threw into the pond several presents of gold, silver and cloth, in honour of the goddess all of which sank to the bottom (as a significance to their victory in that year).  In the following year, at the same festival, they were all seen floating on the surface; by which the goddess foretold what would happen.  In this manner was the regard of heaven shown to the Romans, so long as they kept up their sacred rites.  But it is my lot to speak of these times, wherein the Roman Empire degenerated to a species of barbarity and fell to decay.

Though the Roman Empire had by then, for the most part, lost its divine glory, it still had exemplary governance until 3 AD. The rulers had to work hard to exercise their authority since the Government had not banned Christianity, and by the 3rd century the increasing number of Christians in Rome were a major part of the Roman army, not to mention the continued nuisance caused by the leaders of the Christian community. Hence a few later emperors did hand out harsh punishments and ordered executions of public denigrators of Gods and Gurus, and those causing disruption  in the kingdom. Ultimately, Constantine the Great (a Mahapurusha), ascended the throne in the 4th century. He had to bear the burden of dealing with a community that desecrated Gods, whose unchecked growth and prevalence had by then resembled that of a huge banyan tree. During the initial years, it  were the Roman Magistrates who prevented the Jews from obliterating all Christians. However foreseeing the impending end of the Divine Roman Empire, he accorded recognition  to Christianity. In doing so, he desired a peaceful rule. Subsequently, the news of an alien invasion of the Roman Empire spread across Rome. Taking advantage of this scenario, the Christian priests approached the Emperor and advised him that “if he and his soldiers prayed to Christ, they would win the war”, to which the Emperor agreed. After the victory, the priests approached the Emperor once again and asked him “Did you notice the sign of our Christ in the sky blessing us with victory?” to which also the Emperor nodded.

Upon ascending to the throne, Constantine thought of constructing a city equivalent to Rome and chose Asia Minor for the purpose. He determined the limits of the city and returned to Rome. Upon the end of the war, he proceeded to Asia Minor with his subordinates to pray for an auspicious start to the construction. After completing the rituals, he proceeded on foot towards the border, armed with a trident. But since he did not stop at the border and walked further, his ministers informed him that he had crossed the border. “Where the Mahapurushar, invisible to all eyes but mine, walking in front of me stops, there shall be drawn the border” stated the Emperor. The Mahapurushar disappeared after having extended the perimeter much beyond the plans of the Emperor. Note that marvelous treasures and gigantic metallic statues were abundant in Rome. These served to decorate the new city in all their glory. Yes, Constantinople was an exhibition for the world. Also a great scholar, Constantine enacted several laws for governance. His laws aided Europe for about a thousand years.

Note that the priests occasionally approached the Emperor and requested him to adopt Christianity. Uttering “May it happen” as his sole answer, the Emperor did not fail to perform his prayer ritual to Siva (Jupiter) until his death in 337 AD. He was a Sirandha Viveki. Finally, Theodesiu ascended the throne. Unable to control the uprisals of the Christians during his time, the king himself converted . Within a few months of his conversion, Christians burnt down a Jewish synagogue at Kallinikam. The king condemned the Christians and ordered them to rebuild the temple. A high priest Ambrose, upon hearing this, met the king at once and condemned him saying “you have committed an unforgivable sin”, and went on to order the king to revoke his punishments meted out to Christians. (Theodesiu -379-395).

155G

தெய்வங்களுடன் நெருங்கிய உறவையேற்றவர் தெய்வ விவேகி.

DHEIVANGALUDAN NERUNGIYA URAVAIYETRAVAR DHEIVA VIVEKI.

He who shares a close relationship with gods.

155G. A Mahayuga consists of four Yugas and stretches over a lifetime of 4320000 years. The past Mahayuga was divided  according to the time of ten Mahaans of the Chandra Vamsam(Lunar Race). Among these, Adam was the first. He, along with his wife Havyaavathi, lived a life of absolute bliss in Navasatham (an Udhyaanavanam) near Babylon. Details regarding this  is found in our Bhavishya Puraanam. Most countries, as early as 2500 years ago, were aware of this  by oral tradition. Babylonians have noted those details( vriththaandham)  on their clay tablets. However the Jewish prophets who created a fictional religion propaganted that the world was created in 4004 BC with Adam as its first inhabitant, and proceeded to make him the foremost prophet of the Jewish religion, while establishing a line of fictitious descendants. Christianity and Islam, religions that sprang up after Judaism, have copied this fictitious  line of descendants  competitively, each claiming the line as its own.

Prior to 1859 the people of Christendom rested secure in the supposition that the chronology of man’s history was fully known from the very year of creation.

One has but to turn to the first chapter of genesis to find in the margin the date 4004 B.C. recorded with all confidence as the year of man’s first appearance on the globe.  One finds there, too, a brief but comprehensive account of the manner of his appearance, his abiding place as well as the creation of the earth itself.  Until about half a century ago, as has just been said, the people of our portion of the globe rested secure in the supposition that this record and this date were part of our definite knowledge of man’s history.

Thanks to the monuments from Egypt and Mesopotomia the student of human civilization has today a sweep of view that hitherto has been utterly withheld from him.  Until the scripts by the Nile and the earthmounds by the Tigris and the Euphrates gave up their secrets, absolutely nothing was known to the scholarship of the main sweep of the civilization more ancient than about the sixth  century B.C.  Beyond that all was myth, fable, unauthenticated tradition.  And now the indubitable monuments of civilization carry us back over a period at least three times as great.  Archbishop’s famed chronology, which so long dominated the ideas of men, is swept away  and we learn from evidence  graven in stone and baked indelibly in bricks that in the year 4004 B.C. which our Bible margins still point out as the year of creation, vast communities of people, in widely separated portions of the earth, had attained a high degree of civilization.  In the year when the proverbial first man wandered naked in Eden, the actual man lived with thousands of his fellow men in vast cities, built houses, erected temples and wonderful monuments, practiced such arts as glass making, sculpture and painting and recorded his thoughts in written words.  And from that day to this stretches the thread of civilization, unbroken by any universal flood on other cataclysm.

155 I.

மும்மதங்களின் அப்ரஹாம் (அபிராமு) தெய்வமத ஞானி.

MUMADHANGALLIN   ABRAHAM (ABIRAMU)  DHEIVA MADHA   GNANI.

Abraham (Abiramu) is a Gnani of divine religion.

155 I. Abiramu was a Gnaani of our Divine Religion in Canaan (today’s Palestine) in 23 BC. His grandfather migrated to Canaan from Babylon. The Babylonian Brahmins took many names such as Abiramu, Abidhenu and Abisuka.  Until the time of Hebrews, the memory of this Gnaani was prevalent in West Asia. Hence, the Hebrew prophets who originated Judaism, falsified our Gnaani to be a Jew and used him to color their various fabrications.

156- A B. The weak religions (Heena madhangal) are unaware of scriptures consisting of truths of here and hereafter. Though there are differences in portrayal and opinions of the prophets of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, they appear united in decrying Gods and members of the divine religion.

156 D

உலகின் லிங்கங்களை ஆராய்ந்த அன்னியர் விவேகி.

ULAGIN   LINGANGALAI   AARAAINDHA   ANNIYAR   VIVEKI.

Foreigners who researched the worship of Lingas (phallus) throughout the world.

156 D. From ancient times, the entire population of the world worshipped Shiva Lingams. During the time of the Etruscans, the Gurus of Rome, Italy  abounded in Shiva Lingams. Even though they have been destroyed in other parts of the world excepting ours, scholars have affirmed that Lingams were worshipped by people. The Shiva lingam was referred to by various names by the citizens of each country.

Lydian ( a portion of modern Turky) sculpture was probably similar to that of the Phrygians as displayed as Doghaulu, Kumbet and Ayaziu; a necropolis  lately discovered by Mr.amsay, Phallic  emblems,for averting evils, were plentiful:  even the summit of the tomb of Alyattes is crowned with an enormous one of the stone about 9 feet in diameter, the tumulus itself  is 281 yards in diameter and about half a mile in circumference, it has been partially excavated by Spiegethei and Dennis and a seputchral chamber discovered in the middle, composed of large, well cut and highly polished blocks of marble, the chamber being 11 feet long, nearly a feet broad and 7 feet high.  Nothing was found in it except a few ashes and a broken vase of Egyptian alabaster.  The stone basement which, according to Herodotus, formerly surrounded the mound has now disappeared.”

Alyattes – King of Lydia, 617-560 B.C. of the Memnadae family and father of Croesus; expelled the cimmerians from Asia, and warred with the Medes, an eclipse happening during his battle with Cyaxares.  He died when fighting against Miletus.

The traveller coming over the Leuco-Syrian route was informed of the strange sights awaiting him by the monuments of every style along the road.  There were collosal figures graven in the rock, figures of strange gods, processions of priests with pointed tiaras and soldiers with boots turned up the at the toe, while lion and bull fights spread along the skirts of the mountains.  Occassionally hieroglyphics accompanied these rock-hewn bas-reliefs, witnessing to the Pterian origin; again the alphabet of the inscriptions showed they were the work of Phrygian Sculpture.  In places were enormous conical mounds, tombs in the Thracian style, high as little hills uniformly surmounted by a Phallus.  The most recent of these funeral moundsw were ornamented with friezes.  These showing hunting scenes, files of warriors, groups of animals, all bore the mark of oriental inspiration but in style revealed Greek handiwork.  It was like being in a land of transition where the most diverse influences crossed and mingled.”

The Phallus ( lingam) worship was widely prevalent in the ancient world at one time.  The Egyptians, Greeks and Romans worshipped Priapus; and the Canaanites and idolatrous Jews worshipped Baal-peor.  These gods represented the Linga-cult.  The worship of Bacchus was another form of it.  For long in his RIVERS OF LIFE endevours again and again to show that Phallic worship is far more ancient than any other religion known and he says in one place(Vol.ii Page 38) “The earliest instance I know of Phallic worship or reverence or at all events Phallic drawing, is that mentioned in the MONITEUR of 1865.  There it is related that in the province of Venetia, Italy, in a bore cave beneath ten feet of stalagmite and amidst post-tertiary remains, besie a bone needle, was found a rude drawing of a Phallus, scratched on a plate of an argillaceous compound, surely a primeval idea of the Linga in Argha.”

Dr.Grinsburgh, in the article “Oath” in Kitto’s Cyclopedia finds reverence, for the Phallus, if not worship, in primitive customs as old as the time of Abraham.  He says: “Another primitive custom which obtained in the patriarchal age was that the one who took the oath put his hand under the thighs of the adjurer(Gen 24, 2:47,29).  This practice evidently arose from the fact that the genital member, which is meant by euphemistic expression,  ‘thigh’ was regarded as the most sacred part of the body, being the symbol of union in the tenderest relation of matrimonial life and the seat whence all proceeds and the perpetuity so much coveted by the ancients( Of Gen,46,26; Exod 1,5 Judges 8.30).  Hence  this creative organ became the symbol of the Creator and the object of worship among all nations of antiquity.”

“Originally” says the author of Phallism “Phallic worship had no other meaning than the allegorical one of that mysterious union between the male and the female which throughout nature seems to be the sole condition of the continuation of the existence of animated beings.  There is no reason  whatever for supposing that licentiousness invented the rites incidental to the worship of the Pan, Priapus, Bacchus and Venus, whatever may been made of them afterwards.  “It is impossible to believe” said Volaire “that depravity of manners would ever have lead among any people to the establishment of religious ceremonies, though our ideas of propriety may lead us to suppose that ceremonies which appear to us so infamous could only be invented by licentiousness.  It is probable that the first thought was to honour the deity in the symbol of life and the custom was introduced in times of simplicity.”

Pg 232: Even today, the Lingams housed in temples are being worshipped by the Hindus with great devotional without any hesitation whatsoever.

It would thus appear that the Phallic worship was at one time prevalent throughout the ancient world and it may have prevailed as much among certain Aryan tribes of Saptha Sindhu, as among the Dravidians without mutual borrowing.  Even in a Rig Vedha hymn (X129.5) occurs the idea of the origin of the universe from a union of Swadha (nature) below and Prayathi (Power and Will) above, which sowed the seed from which mighty forces arose.  This was the germ of the Linga in Argha worship which was in later times fully developed.

TUMULU: Tumulu is a Linga shaped mound of earth generally raised over the bodies of the dead.  Evidences of such mounds are frequent even from the prehistoric remains, the latest investigation reveals in Rhodesia such collosal types, as in many other parts of the continents so far found.  Even the mounds of Marathon inclosing the bodies of Athenians who were killed in the famous battle with the Persians is a celebrated Tumulu.  Such mounds are commonly raised over the tombs of the distinguished dead in ancient times.  And sometimes enclosed heavy structure of masonary.  The Roman “barrows” were Tumuli or “Lingams”

 Similar to how Lingams were consecrated in sanctums of temples across the world in ancient times, Mecca had a Lingam named Haran consecrated in it. This has been clearly stated by a Roman professor named Pliny, who also informs that a holy garden dedicated to the God was named Haran Kaadu (Haran forest). (Pliny 61-113 AD). Upon the successful advent of Islam, the Lingam of Mecca was destroyed. However, Nabi permitted its worship in a way, since the Linga form depicted the One Supreme God. So Islam directed the worship of the broken upper part of the Lingam. That is, most Muslims of those times did not have the heart to forsake the stone that was once part of the Lingam. However, the later Muslims have recorded the history of the broken Lingam in a different way.

Besides, Kaaba(Phallus or Lingam) is a Black stone, oval in shape and from 6 inches to 7 inches in diameter.  It is kissed by every Mussalman making the pilgrimage.  The Kaaba is covered with a cloth of black brocade replaced every year.

156G

பல்கேரியாவில் அமர்ந்து வந்த ஜான் துறவி.

BULGARIYAAVIL   AMARNDHU   VANDHA   JOHN   THURAVI.

John of Bulgaria is a Thuravi.

156G. With regard to Bulgaria, the phenomenon of Sanyasam that pervaded the world since time immemorial, existed during their time as well. One significant Sanyasi from among the lot was John. John is not a Christian name. John means Gnaanam (enlightenment). That is, ‘John’ owes its origin to the phrase ‘Jaanaami’, a Mahaa Thathvam (a great philosophical truth). This was one of the names adopted by the members of the divine religion in those countries. Most of the contemporary Muslim names and a few Christian names are the names of the ancient Gods of their respective countries. Note that the Bulgarian Sanyasis referred to as Bogomiles were followers of the teachings of Paul. That is, they learnt the philosophical treatises of Paul who lived in 1st century Rome, and based their lives on them. Generally European scholars who embraced Christianity, continued to live by the code and philosophy of the Divine Religion until a few centuries later. Now let us learn a little about John.

Bogomiles: Under Peter, men of gloomy disposition came into the foreground, men who withdrew from human society into impenetrable forests and mountains, to lead their life of the strictest asceticism without touching a pen.  The most important of these was John of Ryl, afterwards the patron Saint of Bulgaria.  Born in a village in the province of Sofia, he passed his youth as a poor shepherd.  After the death of his parents he entered a cloister, which he soon exchanged for the solitude of the heights of the Ryl plateau.  For twenty years he lived in a dark cave, then in the hollow of an old oak and finally for seven years upon an unapproachable cliff under which at present stands the great Ryl monastery.  Czar Peter once visited the hermit.  John died in 946 at the age of seventy.  Contemporaneously with him lived, in the north of Macedonia, three other equally celebrated hermits so far we know.  Five centuries of southern Slavic history are inseparably connected with the history of the Bogomiles.  From Bulgaria it spread over the whole peninsula to Slavs and Greeks and still further to Italy and France. That their belief originated in Bulgaria was forgotten neither by them nor by their opponents.  The Bogomiles comes from the founder of their remarkable sect, a reformer of the Paulician doctrines, by the name of Bogomile(Love of God) who appeared in the second half of simian.  His disciples gained a large following by their strictly moral lives.  They were of peaceful disposition, abstained from loud talking or laughing and were distinguished by faces white from fasting.  That gave them an appearance of sanctity, which in the orient from the most ancient times has not failed to be effective and now John is spoken of as a Christian hermit.

The Bogomile theology was founded on the principle that there are two original elements, a good and an evil.  The good and the evil divinity are not equal in power and antiquity.  The good divinity is a perfect tribunal being from whom nothing incomplete and temporary has proceeded; it is the creator of the heavenly, the invisible and perfect world.  The evil divinity, according to Christian terminology called Satan or the Devil created everything visible and corporeal, together with the universe and everything animate and inanimate.  Satan was thus for the Bogomiles the creator of the world.  The earth, his work was according to their belief doomed to destruction.

The Bogomiles rejected Moses as well as Prophets.  They rejected completely the ecclesiastical hierarchy.  Christian churches were to them the seat of evil spirits and their bells were trumpets of the Devil.  Satan, they sadi, lived first in the temple of Jerusalem, then in the church of St.Sofia at Constantinople.

The “perfect” Bogomiles were distinguished from ordinary believers by special asceticism.  They might not marry, could not eat meat or drink wine, dressed in black, lived in poverty and abstained from all enjoyments of life.  The conditions for becoming a “perfect” Bogomile were so difficult that in the beginning of the thirteenth century, when this strange cult was at its height, among a million Bogomiles there were only four thousand “perfect” ones.

158 F.

உயிர்போன பாபிக்கு சிக்ஷை தர வல்லவர் தெய்வ விவேகி.UYIR PONA PAAPIKKU SIKSHAI THARA VALLAVAR DHEIVA VIVEKI.

He who had the power to punish a sinner who is dead.

158 F. Harsh punishments existed in Egypt, as they existed in the other  ancient countries of the world. But not even  as transgressions occurred in Egypt. The Egyptian Brahmins were endowed with the abilities to cause death by uttering a few incantations. But they were resolved to uphold the tenet that a Brahmin cannot unleash a fatal curse on anyone. However they did not tolerate even minor lapses in matters of cultural ethics or divinity. In Egypt of such divinity, King Akhnaton made changes in divine regulations 3400 years ago. That is, he ordered that the Sun God be given importance compared to worship of multiple Gods. Angered and saddened by this, the Brahmins pleaded with the king in vain, and consequently, waited till the king’s death to punish him.

Egyptologists do not all agree that Akhnaton was a great man.  Some go so far as to assert that he was a misguided fanatic, whose ignorance and obstinacy almost ruined the country; who deserted his loyal servants in Syria and Palestine, forced a new cult which they detested upon his subjects; and who may possible have taken up his attitude of hostility to the cult of Amen-Ra (the name of the chief god) because he coveted the possessions of the god, rather than because he hated the greatest national religion of Egypt. Akhnaton, according to this theory was the victim of heredity and circumstances, who towards the close of his reign, became so conscious of his own disabilities, mental as well physical, that he appointed soninlaw who name was Sakara(Saanekht) to rule with him.  The religion which Akhnaton founded did not long survive him, probably only for a few years.  Under his soninlaw Tutankaman, the old religion was restored.Amarna was deserted, the priests of Amen recovered their influence and Thebes became the capital once more.  Akhnaton was denounced as a villain and heretic, even his mummy was not spared, the name was cutout of the golden ribbons which passed round it, so that the king’s sould was debarred from the benefit of earthly prayers and forced to wander  unpitied and unknown through the other world.

‘Through the starry space the execrations of the priests passed searching out of the wretched ghost of the boy and banning him as they supposed even in the dim uncertainities of the lands of death, over the hills of the West, up the stairs of the Moon and down into the caverns under the world, the poor twittering shadow was hunted and chased by the relentness magic of the men whom he had tried to reform.  There was no place for his memory upon earth, and in the underworld the priests denied him a stone upon which to lay his head.  It is not easy now to realize the full meaning to an Egyptian of the excommunication of a soul; cut off from the comforts of human prayers; hungry, forlorn and wholly desolate; forced at last to whine upon the outskirts of the villages, to snivel upon the dung heaps, to rake with shadowy fingers amidst the refuse of mean streets for fragments of decayed food with which to allay the pangs of hunger caused by the absence of funeral offerings.  To such a pitiful fate the Priests of Amen consigned “The first individual in history,” and as an outcaste among the outcaste, a whimpering shadow in a place of shadows, the men of Thebes bade us leave the great idealist doomed to the horrors of life which will not end, to the misery of a death that brings no oblivion”.

159 E

பகவானுக்கு மானஸீகமாகப் பணியாற்றுவோரும் தெய்வ ஸாது.

BAGAVAANUKKU  MAANASEEGAMAAGA  PANIYAATRUVORUM DHEIVA  SAADHU

He who offers mental service to god.

159 E. Poosalaar, a destitute Naayanaar, had constructed a temple in his heart and had set a date for its consecration. The king had also set the same date for sanctification for an actual temple he had built. But God appeared in the king’s dream and directed him to go in person to attend and preside over the consecration of Poosalaar’s temple. The king visited Poosalaar, paid his respects to the great devotee, narrated the divine orders, and offered endowments to the temple in the vicinity before returning to his capital. Sivaperumaan thus revealed the greatness of Poosalaar.

160 C

பொருளுலகிலமர்ந்துவிட நேரும் வைராக்யன் விவேகி.  

PROLULAGIL   AMARNDHU  VIDA   NERUM   VAIRAAGIYAN   VIVEKI.

The detached who happens to live a worldly life.

Vairaagyam (asceticism/perseverance)

160 C. A good man who has developed hatred towards material life, may suddenly start functioning like a Pazhuththa Viveki, without conversing with anyone. If he sustains this state throughout the rest of his lifetime, he can rise to the state of Deiva Saadhu in his next birth. But he should have attained the mental faculties and spiritual elevation of a Pazhuththa Viveki. In these times, a few good men who appear to be Pazhuththa Vivekis are made to sit in buildings constructed by commoners. Over time, the building becomes an establishment, and sees an increase in crowd and funds. It so happens that the Pazhuththa Viveki is made the head of the establishment. Hence it follows that the man of detachment gains subordinates, followers, honor, worldly luxuries, and constrained to attend to matters of the establishment while having to collect funds for its development. That is, these men undergo temporary renunciation similar to how momentary renunciation occurs in our lives occasionally. Detachment or asceticism of this sort is not to be considered meaningful. They are men pushed by their desire for detachment and eagerness to free themselves of worldly bondage. The removal of worldly bondage is not renunciation. For worldly attachment to falloff their own is true detachment. The withdrawal of attachment can be equated to how the outer shell automatically separates from its tamarind fruit, upon ripening. Besides, even if a Siranda Viveki refuses to accept a thousand rupee note, he does value it. But a Muttrina Viveki who adopts Vairaagyam, will not accord any value to the rupee note. Even if he is forced to accept an honorable position, he will not budge. Hence, people who go in search of Vairaagyam and end up heading an establishment (or a large family) can be considered the best among Paamarargal or Vivekigal.

What we call momentary or temporary renunciation, do not come under the realm of detachment. A man who functions alone, devoid of honor, position, donation etc. is a man of asceticism/renunciation/vairaagyam. The greatness of such a man cannot be easily understood by the commoners of the world.

160 F .

காஷாயத்திற்குப் பாத்திரமானவன் சிறந்த விவேகி.

KAASHAAYATHIRKKU PAATHIRAMAANAVAN SIRANDHA VIVEKI.

He who is fit to adopt Sanyasa. (sainthood)

160 F. You may ask a question as to how Sanyasis (Saamiyaargal) of the present day can function without money. Yes, I have thought of the same as well. But when the thought of accepting money occurs to a Sanyasi (saamiyaar), his renunciation becomes tainted. It is not possible for such a thought to not occur these days. Sanyasis (Saamiyaargal) should be content with the meagre offerings of food and clothing, made by devotees. Sanyaasam does not have provisions to accommodate the vagaries of time. Hence it is a sin to declare oneself as a Sanyasi (Saamiyaar) without fulfilling the criteria I have provided through my relevant lines. In case the practice of honoring and nurturing true and simple Sanyasis (Saamiyaars) is defunct, it is best for puritan householders to live with as much detachment as possible within their family. Such people mostly obtain the benefits of Sanyasam. In today’s times, one in ten thousand can be called a true sanyaasi. It would be beneficial to bar Sanyasam that fakes divinity. Pandaaram and Aandi are a different category altogether.

161 G

அவதிகள் குறைய ஆச்ரயிக்க வேண்டியோர் உயர் விவேகிகள்.

AVADHIGAL KURAIYA   AASRAYIKKA   VENDIYOR   UYAR  VIVEKIGAL

Those who should be served for minimising problems.

VINAIPPAYANGAL KURAIYA

161 G. It is not that there are no ways for us to reduce our difficulties, trials and tribulations. That kind of relief is not to be obtained from God, but only through Virtuous persons. Even they are actually powerless to grant relief. God indirectly grants relief to those who help such Virtuous persons. Are you asking who are these exemplary beings? Simpletons who dedicate their lives to divine assignments, without an eye on rewards, especially those in the state of Saadhu, are these exemplary beings. It is not enough to just offer them a salute and turn back. If you are able to identify such people you should pay your respects to them and fulfil their meagre needs. Moreover it is essential that we discard our status and offer our occasional services to them. In doing so, most of our difficulties vanish away, and even great troubles are reduced in their magnitude. A few privileges are shown to us in our afterlife as well. For these good deeds, a comfortable life awaits us in our next birth. But, even if someone narrates to us the greatness of such people, our mind does not let us attach much importance to them. Since these good people do not possess majesty, attractive appearance, fame, a modern holy position or an avatar exhibiting miraculous acts, we could take it that our mind refuses to be convinced of their greatness.

Note: Even if a certain section of  people at the stages between Saadhu Deiva Saadhus live in penury, Bhagavaan undertakes the responsibility of fulfilling their needs at all times. That is, He keeps sending someone to help them out as and when necessary. Moreover, they are exempted from any or every action they are subjected to/party to

YPM TRANSLATION  FROM PAGE 257-283 (THOGUPPU – 162)

Irakkam – Anbu

Among tenets emphatically dictated by our Vedas for the worldly are mercy and love. Generally, human beings are duty-bound to be kind and show love. Moreover, these factors figure among those that aid progress of humankind. But, specifically in present times, those who receive  love, kindness, and charity from us, do not even think of  gratitude and loyalty.  Moreover, the majority of the unscrupulous persons who receive our love, kindness and charity, do not hesitate to repay with harm and damage. Besides, a few felons mesmerize people, and set out to perform appalling deeds. Until you are capable of distinguishing between such offenders, it is best  not to show kindness or love towards anyone. Besides if you begin to move closely with a Saadhu, you will become a slave of him and though he doesn’t desire anything, you will begin to engage yourself in fulfilling his needs voluntarily. This may be called ‘natural mesmerism’. Those who are subjected to the fascinating appeal of Saadhus and assist them, beget wonderful benefits.

It is essential that you must be aware of evil charm that is the exact opposite of the  natural charm mentioned. Through ‘mai’ (dark collyrium) produced through depraved methods, a few offenders mesmerize and harm people. They may enter your homes as beggars, Kudukudupaandis, solicitors of help, or as men offering sacred ash. (Vibhudhi). Especially, they utilize opportunities  when individuals, particularly women, are alone. When you show kindness to such people or believe they might bring good to you or are besotted with their likeable fabrications, they can bewitch you. When you are enchanted thus, you lose your sense of  judgment. Consequently, these offenders will proceed to take advantage of you in many ways. It may so happen that you give them your household articles  they may fancy. They may enchant us into walking behind them at their whim, and extort money from our family, using us as a collateral. They may molest women without force. When an opportunity presents itself, he may enchant a young pregnant woman, make her leave home and follow him, the very same night.  He may murder her later and use her to manufacture more dark collyrium. By entertaining and earning the regard of passengers, he deprive them of their boxes containing money. But when such a criminal is caught red-handed by us he cannot do anything. Due to this, the felons begin with their evil deeds prudently, only at opportune times. Similarly, we should also be vigilant towards strangers. Since these offenders did not exist in the past, problems did not arise in showing kindness and love. Hence, until we are able to distinguish the genuine from fakes, it is best  not to be compassionate. Moreover, when we refuse to show involvement  in their words, they cannot enchant us. On the other hand if we heed to their words our mind starts seeing eye to eye with their intentions. Charity should be done with detachment. Or, when a pompous stranger arrives at our doorstep seeking information, he should be sent away with whatever information we have in a disinterested manner. That is, we should act as unconcerned towards him, as we would towards a stranger who approaches us to know the time. Especially women should  exercise caution. It is impossible for anyone to mesmerize a Viveki. Instead of recommending  compassion, affection, and hospitality (the genial act of welcoming strangers), I am constrained to request you to suspend these virtues under certain circumstances keeping in mind the present scenario. But before any such  request from me could be made, these have diminished by themselves in our independent India. Hence, our government must take it upon itself to eradicate fakes, offenders and the depraved, and rejuvenate compassion and love.

Speaking of evil arts, there are 56 types of spirits that govern them. A person has summarized clearly as to what the Shaastraas have to say about them.

Speaking of evil spirits from Jaimini sutras (vedanga) Suryanarayana Rao observes in his book. “There are about 56 varieties of evil spirits mentioned in the Mantrasastras. There are two Prinicipal divisions among the Mantras.  Kshudra devoted to the invocation of evil spirits and actions performed by them and Maha Mantras or incantations to Divine and Angelic Spirits and work that can be done by them… A few names of the evil Spirits: Bhuta, preta, pisacha, Sakini, Dakini, Mohini, Jalini, Malini Bhethala, etc.  The Maha Mantras invoke Gayatri, Savitri, Brahma, Vishnu, Maheshwara, Lakshmi, Lalita, Durga, Ganapathi, Surya, Skanda, etc”. M.P.Pandit.

Even in recent times, a few with immaculate divine purity meditated upon the Maha Mantras of Gods and Goddesses. Only these divine greats could cure those afflicted by evil incantations. But the era of these greats is now over.

It is obvious that the art of magic is quite incomparable. At present, one among the adept practitioners of the art is a magician by name Bhagyanathan. One of his speeches has been summarized in Tamil by one Goswami.

When a street performer does it, it is hoodwinking;

If  a holy man does it, is it  a miracle?

There is a general tendency spread across our people. That is, their tendency to believe rumors blindly and based on them trust fakes. It is due to this that our nation abounds in  fake yogis, Saadhus and Pakkiris(divine fakes).  Activities may seem ‘paranormal’ in nature. Even if they are practiced, with a few concealed mechanisms.  I can prove that anyone can perform these activities.

Fake yogis and Saadhus perform many kinds of deceitful acts. One produces sacred ash (vibhoothi) out of thin air; another materialises idols. These are all done with the intention of making people believe that they are endowed with mystic powers.

The act of walking on water, albeit a failure, that was to take place in Bombay, is similar to the ones I have explained thus far. It is an illusory act as well. It can be performed using illusory magic aided by hoodwinking techniques.

I’m not saying that yogis are all deceitful, nor will I. There are true yogis. But one thing is for certain. True yogis will never use their yogic powers to make money.

It is quite normal for a man to have a heightened sense of Ahankaram (‘me’, ‘mine’). To control these senses and to obliterate them, just imagine the amount of effort (karmas) that has to be undertaken! How many years of penance is required for the same! A true yogi never talks about his yogic faculties. If someone is found doing it, it is certain that an act of deceit is bound to follow.

In recent times, under the guise of ‘Ashtaavadhaanam’, a few are reeling off answers as if they were computers, with the help of spirits. But Ashtaavadhaanam is an entirely different art.

163 A. Heenar = the weak.

164. B.  நவீன ஆச்ரமங்களின் 'ஆனந்தா' 'யோகி'  பாமரன்.

              NAVEENA   AASRAMANGALIN  'AANANDHA'  'YOGI'   PAAMARAN.

              The "Ananda yogi" of modern Ashramas.

164 B. The terms Yogi and Ananda are meant only for Mahaans and Thuravis respectively. The happiness experience by us usually (Sense Pleasures)  we experience is different.

 

165  F.  சுக கஷ்டத்தைக் கேட்டறியாத சாமியார் சிறந்த விவேகி.

          SUGA KASHTATHAI KETARIYAADHA SAAMIYAAR SIRANDHA VIVEKI.

          The Sanyasi  who does not enquire the well-being of others.

165 F. To rid oneself of worldly matters and to relinquish attachment in its entirety, Sanyaasam  a holy state has been presecribed by the Shaastraas. A Siranda Viveki, by abiding by the rules laid down for a Sanyaasi, is born again as a Muttrina Viveki, gaining exemption from taking births as other creatures in the list. But when Deiva Vivekis  by embracing Sanyaasam,  are exempted from consequent births as other creatures, and attain another human birth in the very same lifetime.

A Muttrina Viveki may set his heart upon  reforming  a state or a philosopher. But a Sanyaasi should not  involve himself in any such affairs. At this juncture, I’m reminded of an incident narrated by Sri Ramakrishnar.  A woman involved in flesh trade was occasionally condemned by a Sanyasi, and the helpless woman was wallowing in guilt every day for her sinful existence. Upon her death, she did not suffer appropriate punishments in hell, while even though hundreds of devotees thronged his funeral to pay their respects, the Sanyaasi had to landed  up in hell and given a warning. That is, a person that has embraced Sanyaasaa cannot involve himself in other matters. Besides, the intention of the harlot in this incident is significant.

166 A  யாவருக்கும் எந்த உரிமையும் அறிவிக்குமாக்ஷி பாபி.

          YAAVARUKKUM   ENDHA   URIMAIYUM   ARRIVIKKUMAAKSHI   PAPI.

          The regime that  proclaims any right to any person.

166 A. Generally, the eminent, the good, and their kind, do not accept such concessions. But the lowly are the kind to welcome such concessions with alacrity. Likewise, leaders of a few countries proclaim with selfish agenda saying ‘I will save the poor’. Such announcements may initially affect the eminent and the good and in course of time will affect the country at large. Hence, to say ‘I shall protect all citizens’ is appropriate. Those of the past took such oaths. They did not resort to roaring at public stages. Moreover, they acted upon their assurances. Due to this reason, seasonal rainfall prevailed, and grains grew in abundance (unlike the loss of crop and other troubles of present times). They lived unaware of the concept of water shortage. (Even though land three times as large has been cultivated now, there is no such yield) the people of the past made use of grains without scarcity.

Besides, these despicable lowly who were a minority, have now multiplied into  majority. Hence, for ornaments to be released from the bank lockers, to avoid the necessity of building grills in front of the village and city houses, to obviate the necessity of securing the open yards with iron fencing, to reliee people from living in constant fear during the day and particularly at nigh, to provide reprieve to families unable to meet their living expenses and in finality to prevent the wrath of Nature, the mode of governance to be adopted must be accorded primary priority. i.e. Government is an art of governing men “Appropriate places for appropriate beings” is a wise saying.

167 Aதாழ்ந்தோரை உற்ற இடத்தில் வைக்காத ஆக்ஷி பாபி.

          THAAZHNDHORAI   UTRA   IDATHIL   VAIKKAADHA   AAKSHI   PAPI.

          The regime that does not keep riffraff in their place

167 A. The lowly of the present times are those such as:- the uncouth, one who deceives his master; one who participates in demonstrations, pelts stones and torches property; causing damage and loss; one who opportunistically resorts to open larceny; one who misuses his privileges; one who humiliates and offends the dignified and the virtuous; one who threatens and extorts the common man; one who mocks and provokes passersby.

Post our independence, a majority of college graduates have become enthusiastic in indulging in such activities. Mongolian ruler Genghis Khan of the divine religion had imposed a death sentence those who failed to  listen to those who are in a position to command them.

168.C. புனித போலிகளை ஒழிக்க முதலிடமளிப்பவன் ராஜ்ய விவேகி.

PUNIDHA   POLIGALAI   OZHIKKA  MUDHALIDAM   ALLIPPAVAN   RAAJYA  VIVEKI.

He who accords top priority to eliminate divine fake.

168 C. During times of deterioration of the divine culture, and through the advent of the new religions, even though laws of governance were altered in accordance with justice, governance was still uniform in function. That is, the governance ensured that the occasional offenders were crushed and citizens lead noble lives. Even though the Islamic monarchs implemented orders to annihilate those of the divine religion, they kept a close vigil on Muslim citizens. Besides till the 19th century, divine fakes did not generally appear in our country, while in other nations, divine fakes had been around for centuries. In contrast these days, our country  abounds with divine fakes who have become extinct in other countries.

Let us now visit the ancient Jewish land. The fake Jewish prophets who appeared in that country, made announcements that a Messiah was to appear amongst them to convert the world into Jewish.

Finally, one Jesus born in the Jewish religion opposed the tenets of his own religion, and as a consequence of courting unnecessary controversy with Jews, was subjected to  death sentence. Nevertheless a few Jews who admired him founded a sect under the name of Jesus, and proceeded to establish a religion as well. Furthermore, they projected Jesus as the messiah anticipated by the Jewish prophets.

The Jews called their nemesis Jesus as a sinner, and chose to wait for their own Jewish messiah. Similarly, Islamic leaders averred that a divine incarnate was to appear as the son of Nabi to annihilate Christianity and to fortify Islam on a globally. Finally  as centuries passed without the advent of any, a Jew named Sabbataizevi, and a Muslim anointed themselves as the Jewish messiah and the Dedjal or anti-Christ, respectively.

Two Religious Imposters

The contests between the Greeks and the Christians of the Latin Church in Jerusalem raged furiously during Muhammed IV reign of the Ottoman Empire.  But the Ottomans of that age watched with far stronger interest the agitation caused among the Jewish nation by the celebrated Sabbataizevi who in 1666 came forward at Jerusalem and asserted that he was the Messiah.  Under the title he sent circular letters to all the Jewish synagogues of the Ottaman Empire; and such was his dexterous audacity in imposition, so eagerly were the legends respecting his miraculous powers received, that thousands of his countrymen flocked together at his bidding, not only from Constantinople, Smyrna and other Turkish cities, but from Germany, Leghorn, Venice and Amsterdam.  Some of the rabbies opposed him and the most violent tumults were raised at Jerusalem, Cairo, Smyrna and other cities of the East, where Sabbatai proclaimed his pretended mission – The Ottomans observed his progress with religious anxiety, not from any belief in his alleged character, but on the contrary, from the fear that he was the Dedjal, or anti Christ, who according to Mohammedan creed, is to appear among mankind in the last days of the world.  They believed also that the speedy advent of the day of judgement is to be announced by the reappearance on earth of the prophet Mahdi.  And as at the same time at which Sabbatai came forward in Palestine, another religious imposter arose in Kurdistan, who called himself the prophet Mahdi and excited thousands of Kurds to follow him.  The alarm of many orthodox Moslems at these combine signs of the of the world was extreme. The grand Vizer Ahmed Koprilli(Who is justly eulogized both by Ottoman and Christian historians as the greatest statesman of the time) in order to check the troubles caused by Sabbatai, seized and imprisoned him; but his fanatic followers only saw in this certain prelude to their Messiah’s triumph.  They said that according to an ancient prophecy Messiah was to disappear for nine months and was then to return mounted on a lioness, which he was to guide with a bridle made of seven headed serpents and then he was to be the lord of the world.  But one of Sabbatai’s countrymen, who was jealous of his influence denounced him before the Sultan’s ministers as endeavouring to raise a revolt among the people – Sabbatai was brought before the Sultan for examination and Muhammed then made him the characteristic offer of an opportunity of proving by a miracle his right to be acknowledged the Messiah.  One of the Sultan’s best archers was called forward and Sabbatai was invited to stand steady as a mark for the arrows, which of course could do no harm to a personage gifted with miraculous powers; only the Sultan wished to see them bounce back from his body.  At these words and at the sight of the bended bow, Sabbatai’s courage failed him.  He fell prostrate and owned that he was nothing but a poor rabbie and no whit different from other men.  The Sultan then offered to allow him to embrace the Mohammedan faith and so make some amends for the scandal which he had caused and for the crime of high treason which he had committed by assuming the title of Messiah of Palestine which was one of the sandjacks of the sublime porte.  Sabbatai eagerly accepted the proposal.  He became a Moslem and instead of being worshipped as Messiah or dreaded as anti Christ, he filled for ten years the prosaic station of a door-keeper in the Sultan’s palace.  He however, still made himself conspicuous by his religious zeal; but that zeal was now directed to winning converts from Judaism to Mohammedanism, in which he was singularly successful.  He was ultimately banished to Morea, where he died.  The Kurdish spiritual pretender, the self-styled Mahdi was captured and sent before the Sultan a few months after Sabbatai had owned his imposture in the royal presence.  The yound Kurd abandoned the character of ‘Precursor of the last judgement’ as soon as he was led before the sovereign.  He answered his interrogators with sense and spirit and his life was also spared.  He was made Sabbatai’s fellow servant; in the capacity of one of the pages of the treasure chamber of the palace.

170.B இவனை தரிசிப்பதால் (கொடியவனை நல்லவனாக்கும் போலிச் சாமியார்) தோஷத்தை ஏற்பவன்  பாமரன்.

IVANAI   DHARISIPPADHAAL ( KODIYAVAI   NALLAVANAAKKUM  POLI  SAAMIYAAR ) DHOSHATHAI  ERPPAVAN PAAMARAN.

He who is tainted by sight of the divine fake.

170 B. It is harmful to even look at the malicious – Ouvaiyaar.

BUDDHAR

Siddhartha was born in 560 BC, as the son of Suddhodhana, the ruler of Kapilavastu, which was one of the dominions unified under the excellent kingdom of Magadha governed by Emperor Bimbasara. When he reached the age of adolescence, he developed a  desire to adopt the life style like Mahaans and Gnaanis.

Gnanam(Enlightment) is the ultimate spiritual faculty. . This state can be compared to an extent to that of a Thuravi. Having God besides them at any moment, is the state of a Mahaan. To be in this state, it is essential to develop complete detachment and everybreath being dominated by the thought of God. In the state of the Thuravi, even basic activities such as  food, drink, sleep, bath must have fall off and even a gunshot shall not harm him.. Besides if a young person  who happens to be bread winner of our family dies, we should think that some creature in different country has died. One should feel happy if one loses one’s property. When a thousand rupee note and a gold bar are seen unclaimed, they should be ignored as if they are garbage. Worldly achievements whatsoever should not be given significance. These are a few attributes of detachment.  But no one can avoid food, sleep, drink, and especially body thinking that they are alien to us. They are expected to fall off  by themselves on completion of the state of Mahaan. Only a person who attains this state can realize “Who am I’.

Nowadays, many sinners projecting themselves as having attained this stated, have appeared in India. Even ancient sages realized the sheer difficulty in attaining Gnaanam. Our Buddha desired to attain this state of excellence. At his age, he not only was ignorant of the attributes of Gnaanam, he was ignorant even about the depth of ripeness demanded for detachment. He thought that he would be able to attain Gnaanam by meditating in a forest. Hence he left his palace with a few of his disciples and reached the woods. He sat in holy meditation for a few days, forgoing food. But he took to quenching his thirst. As days went by, his bodily strength began diminishing, and the pancks of hunger tormented him. Fainting with exhaustion, Buddha entreated his disciples for food. He began to realize that Gnaanam cannot be attained by tormenting one’s body, or imagining the rise of kundalini force by holding one’s breath. Hence he moved out of the woods back into the country. Meanwhile, the news of his abdication and of his leaving to the forest had spread throughout his kingdom. Upon reaching his country, Siddharthar took refuge in a suitable person as his guru and learnt lessons of Vedanta from him. Then, he undertook pilgrimages living on alms along the way. Though he wasn’t an ascetic after popularity, there were hardly any citizens in the kingdom who failed to have glimpse of him. Hence, he advised those who came to see him the importance of sustaining at all times truth, virtue, love, non-violence and devotion. He had immense devotion towards the Gods. Once while  sitting in meditation under a peepal tree, he was overcome with a sense of detachment. Through this blessing, he began to grasp increasingly the secrets of Vedanta and divinity. Finally, while he was staying in Varanasi, many interested in Vedanta became his disciples. Siddharthar had attained the state of Deiva Saadhu. He shed his mortal coil only  as a Hindu. As Jesus passed away only as a Jew without ever knowing Christianity, Siddharthar passed away  as a Hindu unaware of Buddhism. By virtue of having been a prince who abdicated his throne, he achieved wide fame in his lifetime itslef.

HG Wells has said thus about Siddhartha: ‘The Indian teacher did not forget ‘SELF’ he concentrated upon it and sought to destroy it.  All suffering he taught was due to the greedy desires of the individual.  Until man has conquered his personal cravings(even hunger, thirst and sleep) his life is trouble and his end sorrow.  When they were overcome, when self had vanished altogether, the serenity of soul, NIRVANA, the highest good was attained.  Gauthama’s disciples declared that he was a Buddha, though there is no evidence that he himself ever accepted the title, as Jesus to Christ or Messiah.  Before he was well deal a cycle of fantastic legends began to be woven about him.  The human heart has always preferred a wonder story to a moral effort, and Gautama Buddha became very wonderful.

Generally, Mahaans, especially Thuravis and Gnaanis do not achieve wide popularity, the reason being they function without attracting attention of others. However, a few such greats did find praise among regional hereditary groups. Contrary to this, it might be possible that a person of national importance who has attained a very basic spiritual state, might gain wide fame and fond posthumous remembrance. In Kaliyuga, it is possible for a crook/a virtuous man/sinner to earn lasting fame, when a community, religion or society take his name. You may not be unaware of such established phenomena. But fame is utterly useless to help one’s spiritual rise and salvation. There are no rewards for fame either in Yamaloka or in subsequent births. Fame is a reflection of a good deed performed in a previous birth. Consequent to fame, one may adopt arrogance, pride, a sense of greatness, or humility, in accordance to his spiritual state. A Siranda Viveki will not accord any importance to wide fame he may achieve. At this juncture let us turn to our issue at hand regarding Gautama. Similar to how exaggerated miracles are attributed to divine fakes nowadays, there were instances of concocted marvels attributed to Gautama posthumously. As a result, with time followers of Buddha began to increase in number across the region. That is, only those capable of leading a life of asceticism were included in the group of devotees. However, there were commoner-devotees who supported these followers. These followers were still Hindu, despite adopting a change in costume. But they nursed a desire to function akin to Brahmins. Even though the followers of Buddha initially functioned similar to the present devotees of Muruga, Iyyappaa, Sai, Ramakrishna, Ramana, and Aravinda as part of the Hindu society, as time progressed they evolved into a separate sect. Additionally, each later king who considered Buddha as God commissioned his statues in temples, apart from nurturing his followers. Moreover, rulers of the era averred that Buddha was part of the Ten Chief Incarnations of Vishnu. Buddha found a place even in the South Indian temple-abodes of Nayanmars and Azhwars. Generally speaking, it is safe to say there weren’t any temples in India where Buddha wasn’t consecrated. Furthermore, rulers who commissioned cave sculptures of Gods, accorded a place for Buddha in them. Rock edicts were also subjected to this treatment. But since Buddha devotees began proclaiming him as an establisher of a religion opposing Hinduism, removal of Buddha sculptures from temples commenced.

Even in the last century, our people did not gain much awareness regarding Buddha. Buddha’s followers, whose purity began declining right from 4 AD, planned to establish a religion in his name. Accordingly they formulated a Vedanta exclusive to their religion, and started propagandizing that Buddha was a God Incarnate, that he decried all Gods, that he criticized the yaaga-yagnyas and class divisions of Brahmins, and that he instructed love and non-violence. They did not stop there. They gained expertise in magic arts that supported religious conversion. So, Buddha devotees who projected themselves as Hindus between 4 AD and the first part of 5 AD, turned into Bhikshus and set out with extreme vigor to convert rulers and commoners into Buddhists. Yes, in 6 AD, most Indian rulers were Buddhist in countenance. However a majority of these rulers did not force their unwilling citizens to convert, nor did they interfere in matters of the Hindu shrines.

Note that these Bhikshus proclaimed that Ashoka of ancient times lived as a Buddhist. Ashoka, who ascended the throne in 269 BC, had been styled as a Buddhist Constantine. That is, it was said that Ashoka embraced Buddhism similar to how Roman emperor Constantine of the divine religion (at the start of 4 AD) approved and embraced Christianity. For instance, at a time when Christians formed the larger part of the army, Constantine triumphed in a large-scale war. But he accepted the assertion of the Christian priests who claimed they foreknew the victory due to the vision of a Sign of the Cross – Labarum that Constantine might have also witnessed. However, being a man of devotional fervor, Constantine kept postponing the ritual of his religious conversion until his death. Ashoka, who lived at a time when Buddhism was non-existent, did not have to deal with such a predicament. Hence, these two emperors did not embrace any alien religions. They died as members of the divine order. Moreover, Brahmins who were styled as enemies of Buddhism, were accorded great importance by Ashoka during his lifetime. Due to his being the devotee of a Hindu elder (Buddha), he sustained Gautama’s followers as well. These devotees of Gautama assumed the title of Sramanas. Ashoka can be considered a Buddhist Paul. That is, similar to how Paul who died unaware of Christianity was the reason for the glory attained by the Bible, Ashoka who was unaware of Buddhism was considered the reason for the rise of Buddhism. Ashoka considered Gautama as a wise man among the Hindu elders.

He did not order propaganda in favor of Buddha, either. He was subject to the affection of the Gods. None of his edicts on rocks or pillars thus far carry Buddha’s name. Here is his 13th Proclamation: ‘There is, however, another reason why His Majestic feels regret, in-as-much as the Brahmins and ascetics and householders who dwelt there and who obeyed Superiors, parents and elders and gave proper treatment to friends, comrades, relatives, slaves and servants-to all these befell violence or death or separation from their loved ones.  This is a matter of regret to his Sacred Majesty – ‘So that of all the people who were then slain or carried away captive in Kalinga, if the hundredth part were now to suffer the same fate, it would be a matter of regret to His Sacred Majesty.  Moreover, should any one do him wrong, that too must be borne with by His Sacred Majesty so far as it can possibly be borne.  His Sacred Majesty even looks kindly upon the forestfolk in his dominions and he seeks to make them think right.  They are bidden to turn from their evil ways that they be not punished, because His Sacred Majesty desires for all being security, self control, peace of mind and joyousness.  All this has been won by His Sacred Majesty both in his own dominions and among all his negihbours as far as six hundred leagues.

            Even where the envoys of His Sacred Majesty do not go, the people of those places, hearing His Sacred Majesty’s ordinance based upon the Law of Piety, practice and will continue to practice, the law.

‘It is for this purpose that the Law has been recorded, so that my sons and grandsons may heed my words. ‘Let all their joy be that which lies in doing good; that avails for both this world and the next’. (HULTZCH’S TRANSLATION JOURNAL of the ROYAL ASIATIC SOCIETY).

I quote here, a few lines of K.M. Panicker:

The inscriptions of Asoka begin in the third person as “King Devanampriya Priyadarsin speaks thus’, Asoka soon changes into the first person singular and tells about his past life and his present thoughts, of what he considers ethical and unethical.  Only once is the name Asoka used; the usual style is to give the title Devanampriya Priyadarsin(Beloved of the gods, of Gracious Mein) . Here is an example which well illustrates what is adi abaove.  The following is the text of the XI Rock Edict.  “Thus saith the King Priyadarsin, Beloved of the gods: There is no such gift as the gift of DHAMMA, to wit, acquaintance with DHAMMA and kinship DHAMMA.  There in this happiness, ‘seemly behavior towards slaves and servants, meritorious hearkening to father and mother, meritorious gifts to friends, acquaintances and relatives and to Brahmans and Sramanas (and)  meritorious non-slaughter of animals’.  This might be said by a father, a son, a brother, a master, a friend or acquaintance, nay even neighbours this is meritorious; this ought to be done.  He, who, does it in this manner, accomplishes the worldly life and obtains infinite, spiritual merit through the gift of DHAMMA’.  – But Asoka never forgot that he was a king as well and the religion he espouses in his inscriptions is more a system of morals than a sectarian creed.  He recommends charity, good conduct, respects for parents and elders, ascetics and Brahmans, and above all non-injury (ahimsa) towards all.  He emphasis the virtue of unity in the family and the affectionate family behavior and takes care to tell us that in his own case practice and precept are not at variance.  He informs us that the use of meat, to please the royal palate, has been reduced to the minimum and the favourite sport of the kings, hunting, has been given up and that the entire nation is regarded as a happy family with the king presiding over its destinies.  He became enthusiastic about seeming to many a decree that his ideas affected the life of the people.  He disapproved of fairs and popular sports.  Later he banned the slaughter of many animals and birds, but as most of these were generally not used for food, the ban could have caused but little hardship to a generally non-vegetarian populace.

Asoka is spoken of as a Bhuddhist emperor and his reign as kind of Bhuddist period in Indian history.  But in the view of the people of the day he was a Hindu monarch following one of the recognized sects.  His own inscriptions bear ample witness to this fact.  While his doctrines follow the Middle path his gifts are to the Brahmanas, Sramanas and others equally.  His own name is Devanampriya, the beloved of gods, which gods?  Surely the gods of the Aryan religion, Buddhism has no gods of its own.

The Satavahanas (73 A.D. to 218 A.D. ). Under the Satavahanas Hinduism and Bhuddhism seemed to have flourished equally.  In the Nasik inscriptions which record the dedication of a great Bhuddhist cave monastery excavated at his own expense.  Ushavadata the donor speaks of his numerous charities to Brahmins also.  Ushavadata the pious Bhuddist merchant also fed a hundred thousand Brahmins.  Gauthamiputra Satakarni who declares to be the sole protector of Brahmins records a benefaction for the Bhuddhists.

HARSHA – A part from the unique biography of Harsha Charitra by Bana, we have the record left to us the great Chinese pilgrim, Yuan-chwang, whose life is one of the romances of world history.  Yuwan chwang was, in matters unconnected with Buddhist miracles, an accurate observer and his travels provide the first complete picture of India that we possess.  He lived at Harsha’s court and we have therefore a trust worthy description of the life of the time.  In  his own books it is to Siva that he prays.  Daily he fed five hundred Brahmins along with a thousand Buddhist monks.  At all ceremonial festivals of the king, Siva and Vishnu received full honours along with Buddha.  The pious chinese doctor of laws himself bears witness to this fact.

As I have often said, the divine religion pervaded the world before other religions originated. But after the fading of the singular language of the world Sanskrit (until about 300,000 years ago Sanskrit was the only prevalent language) people of each country took to naming deities in their native languages. Upon observation of this phenomenon, modern historians assumed the habit of referring to citizens of each country as belonging to different religions. This is erroneous. Religion of civilizations such as Mayan, Egyptian, Babylonian, Indian, Chinese, Japanese etc. must be referred to as the divine religion or Religion of the Gods, as opposed to other religions. Customs and habits may differ between citizens of each country, but this cannot be considered religion. Religion is a set of principles that are part of the ultimate goal of God. Hence it would be appropriate for historians to characterize these civilizations as differing based on their customs and manners rather than differing based on their religion. Historians have committed this same error in the issue of Buddhism as well. Until about 900 years after the time of Buddha, that is while he was depicted among Gods in cave sculptures, rock edicts and art, he was considered a divine Hindu incarnation. Until this time, rulers nurtured Sramanas who were especially devoted to Buddha apart from other Gods. Once these Buddha devotees began vilifying Gods and established a new religion, they were not assisted by the Hindu rulers. Historians who couldn’t arrive at this conjecture, have caused confusion by stating Hindu rulers nurtured Buddha Bhikshus (not Buddha devotees belonging to the divine religion). That is, they have erroneously stated that the religion of Buddhism was in vogue well before 4 AD.

BUDDHISM

When Buddhism was first made known to Europe, not so very many years ago, by means of translations of philosophic writings dated six centuries after Buddha, profound astonishment was felt at taking cognisance of the fact that a religion which had brought three hundred million souls under its law should acknowledge no god, should look upon the world as vain illusion and should offer nothing but annihilation to the aspirations of man.

The examinations of the bas-reliefs, with which the ancient monuments of India are covered, proves that the religion of Buddha, as practiced by the Hindus during a period of one thousand years, differs completely from the representation of it given to us by the written document.  Not in books, in fact, but in a close study of the monuments themselves can be learned what Buddhism was in former days and the message of these monuments deliver to us a totally different one from that contained in books.  The monuments reveal that this religion, which modern scientists have distorted into an atheistic belief, was on the contrary, the most polytheistic of all religions.

It is true that in the first Buddhist monuments, eighteen to twenty centuries old, such as the Balustrades of Bharhut, Sanchi, Budda-Gaya etc. the reformer figures solely as an emblem.  Worship is accorded to the imprint of his feet and to the image of the tree under which he entered the state of supreme wisdom; but we shortly begin to see Buddha represented as a god, having a place in all the sanctuaries.  At first he is represented as alone or nearly so, as in the most ancient temples of Ajunta; then he gradually appears in company with Brahmin gods, Indra, Kali, Saraswathi, etc., as is to be seen in the Buddhist temples of the Ellora series of monuments.  Completely lost a little later in the crowd of gods that he had at first dominated, he comes after a few centuries, to be regarded as nothing more than an incarnation of Vishnu.  From that day Buddhism has been extinct in India.

The disappearance or rather than transformation which has just been indicated in a few lines, required a thousand years for its accomplishment.  The numerous monuments which retrace its history were erected during the period extending from three centuries B.C. to the seventh of our era.  During this long interval of time Buddha was constantly worshipped by his followers as an all powerful god.  Legends show him to us appearing before his disciples and according them favours.  Legends and monuments are perfectly clear in their teachings and had the study of Buddhism been primarily based upon them, entirely different impression of the religion would have gained ground from that which now prevails.  Unfortunately the European writers on India, had never visited that country gaining all their knowledge of Buddhism from books; and ill chance had directed them upon the works of certain philosophical sects, written five or six centuries after the death of Buddha, and containing little or nothing of the religion as actually practised.

Neither did the metaphysical speculations, which so astonished Europe by their depth, contain anything new.  Now that the works of Indian writers are better known, the same theories have been found in the writings in the philosophical sects which developed during the Brahmanic period.  Atheism, the contempt for life, morality as existing apart from religion the world considered as illusion – all these had already appeared in certain philosophical works known under the names of Upanishads of which there exists about 250, dating from all the epochs.  In some are found the same doctrines that are presented in the philosophical writings of the Buddhists.  Their authors also profess the doctrine of Karma, the fundamental belief of Buddhism as of all the religions of India – a doctrine according to which the acts accomplished by man in this life determine his condition in a future existence, this forming also the base of the code of Manu.  The ultimate purpose of these successive reincarnations is absorption in the universal principle of things, the Brahma of which Manu speaks, parent to the Nirvana of Buddhism.  Then and then only is the soul absolved from reincarnations.

For the attainment of this final state of absorption, Buddhists and Brahmanists lay down the same rules; suppression of all desire, renunciation of the things of this world and a life passed in solitude and contemplation.  The philosophical theories of the age of Buddhism were thus the same as those held in Brahmanic age which had preceded it.  They are theories which developed parallel with the religion that was taught by the priests and practised by the people, yet they differed from it essentially.  To look upon these doctrines as being identical with Buddhism would be to commit an error as though we were to confound the theories of certain Upanishads with Brahmanism; nevertheless it is these philosophical utterances of some of the disciples of Buddha which have been received in Europe as Buddhism itself.

It would seem to suggest itself at once as improbable that a religion counting five hundred million believers could be founded solely on cold philosophical reasoning, but perhaps an error of such a nature is excusable in the case of learned men who, having passed their lives in the study of books, have had no time to pursue the deeper study of men, in two or three thousand years, when the centre of civilisation shall have again shifted and our present languages and the books written in them have been forgotten, it is quite probable that some professor who has come upon the English language in his researches will translate the first works that come to his hand, such as Spencer’s First Principles or Darwin’s origin of species and give them to the world as the beliefs professed by the Christian peoples in the nineteenth century.

It is only necessary to observe Hindus closely to perceive that they are not the people to adopt the tenets of any religion that is without divinity.  Make him learn by heart the catechism of the southern Buddhists, recently composed with the assistance of Europeans, which teaches that the universe has no creator that all is illusion and you will see that that will not prevent him from feeling the need of still offering up worship to the great Buddha and all the gods of sanctuary.  The most ancient of all books on Bhuddism, the Lalitha Vistara written some eighteen centuries ago,. Six centuries later than Bhuddha himself, contains a numberof dissertation on the illusiveness and vanity of the things of this world.  But to whom is Buddha teaching these truths?  To the gods, principally to those innumerable gods of whom mention is made on every page and who Brahma at their presided at the birth of the reformer who was to be go din his turn, accompanied him wherever he went and finally came to offer him worship.  Naturally contradictions abound in this book; but they are no contradiction to the Hindu.  His thought is formed in an entirely different mould from ours, for him our European logic does not exist.  Not a single one of his books, from the antique epics of the Ramayana and the Mahabaratha to the philosophical works previously referred to, is free from glaring contradictions,  doubtless logic is not always lacking, but it is the feminine form which carries its deductions to their extreme limit without concerning itself with contradictions.

Discussion for a long time as to whether, by reason of the cummingling upon them of the emblems of Buddha and of Siva, the celebrated monuments of Angkor were Buddists or Brahmanic.  No disputes on this point would have arisen if the scientists who examined the monuments of Combodia had first studied those of India – of Nepal in particular.  On these they would have found the same intermingling of the two sets of emblems; they would also have observed the same peculiarity in a neighbouring country, Burmah.   Mr.Wheeler a former English functionary there, calls attention to the fact that Burmans, Buddhists as is well known also worshipped the Vedic gods, notably Indra and Brahma and the king of Burmah had many Brahmins at his court.  He also makes a remark that Moghul khans of Asia, those in the neighbourhood of Mount Atlai worship the Vedic gods to this day.

In order to place the theory of disappearance of Buddhism from India, it will be necessary to place ourselves back in the seventh century of the Christian era or to discover a country which is undergoing a phase similar to that which India passed through at that epoch.  Nepal one of the cradle of Buddhism, is the region which has opposed the strongest resistance to the transforming forces by which it was menaced as soon as it came in contact with ancient Brahminism and has now reached the very moment of transformation at which Buddhism has become mingled with Brahminism without having been entirely swallowed up. The Hindu and Buddhist gods are so closely intermingled in the temples of Nepal, that it is often impossible to determine to which religion a particular temple belongs.  The peculiarity has been remarked, though nothing has been offered in the way of explanation by those English scientists who have made a study of Nepal.  The fact, so inexplicable when not made clear by a study of the ancient monuments of India, is perfectly apparent when they have been given careful examination.  One notes, as was said a little earlier, that the same confusion of divinities prevail everywhere at a certain period and it is easy to comprehend, how ancient temples could be attributed even by learned Hindus, first to one religion and then to the other.

The same explanation makes clear to us the fact, so strange at a first glance of Buddhist.  Jain and Brahminic temples being constructed side by side during the same period.  Looking now on the phase when the two intermingled religions were on the point of merging into one, it will be at once comprehended how a sovereign can have distributed his liberalities between them with as much impartiality as a king of the Middle  Ages displayed towards churches dedicated to different saints.

There remains to us but the account of a single traveller relative to the epoch of which we speak, that of the Chinese pilgrim Hwan-Tsang; and in this we are told how a Hindu sovereign on the occasion of some festival, divides his generosity equally between the two dominant religions of that time; giving presents to Buddhist sectarians the first day, to those of Brahminism the Second.  The phase had already been arrived at when the cults were entirely reconcilable a phase which preceded that of their being united into one.  The study of the religion of Nepal at the present time shows exactly how this fusion came about.

Buddhism of the earlier period offers for the worship of its followers a supreme trinity.  This comprises 1st Ali Buddha, who is its principal personage, representing spirit, 2nd Dharma, representing matter, 3rd Sangha; representing the visible world, produced by the union of spirit and matter.  This trinity nearly enough related, as one sees, to that of Brahminism, Brahma, Vishnu and siva has for symbol a triangle with a point at its centre.  This point is the emblem of Ali-Buddha, looked upon definitively as the first cause.  Below this superior trinity are placed the gods of the old Brahmanic pantheon – Vishnu, Ganesha, Siva, Lakshmi etc.

The most important of the temples of Nepal, notably that of Sambunatha, are dedicated to Ali Buddha, in all, the Buddhist trinity Buddha, dharma, Sangha is represented in the form of a statue seated, with legs crossed upon a lotus leaf: Buddha having two arms, Dharma Sangha generally four.  Of this trinity, Dharma alone, the goddess of matter, is given the form of a woman.

After the Buddhists trinity the most common objects of worship are the images of the founder of Bhuddhism and of his predecessors, both mortal and divine.  Next came the gods of the Hindu pantheon, Mahenkal, avator of Siva, Kali, wife of Siva: Indra, king of heaven, Garuda, god of birds, having a bird’s head; Ganesha, divinity of wisdom, having an elephant’s heat etc.  The last is the most venerated; his image being found at the entrance to every temple and it is with the worship of this purely Brahminic divinity that all the Buddhist ceremonies commence.  The Hindu lingam has also been adopted by the Nepal Buddhists, but with the complete alteration of its significance.  Instead of looking upon it as the male creative power of Siva, it is held too be the emblem of the lotus in which Ali Buddha manifested himself in the form of a flame.  Its shape is also modified, four figures of Buddha are sculptured upon its lateral parts and its summit is surmounted in the manner of the Buddhist Chaityas.

It is to be seen from the preceeding how intermingled with Brahminism is Bhuddhism in Nepal. The religion of that part of the population which calls itself Brahmanic is equally tingled with Bhuddhism.  Buddha is frequently represented in the temples dedicated to Siva and several temples containing divinities common to the two religions are frequented alike by Brahmins and Buddhists.

This fusion of the two religions to be observed in the temples is also found in the legends with the literature of Nepal abounds during the religious festivals.  In the case of some of these it is really impossible to decide whether they are Brahmanic or Buddhists.  Pilgrims also visit with equal confidence the shrines of the two religions.  Such is Bhuddhism at present at Nepal and it is easy to predict from what has taken place in the past, that with the expression of two or three centuries.  It will have been swallowed up in Brahminism.  The traveller of the future ignorant of the phase of evolution through which Nepal is now passing will attribute, as do modern writers who treat of Buddhism in India, its disappearance to violent causes.  The temple ruins with which Nepal will at that time no doubt be strewn will also be invoked to attest the mercilessness of the persecutions.

It is a matter of historic record that Buddha, a purported enemy of Hinduism, removed Gods and established a religion installing himself as God, and that the religion had India in its grip for over a thousand years. But history does not indicate how the religion disappeared without a trace. Researchers who studied ancient sculptures and art in which Buddha has been depicted along with Gods, are of the opinion that Buddhists were a group of followers of Buddha who did not reject Gods. It is the conclusion of researchers that the Hindu rulers would not have nurtured these Buddha followers if they hadn’t accepted Gods. The conclusion is not devoid of truth.

Ultimately, a few researchers opine that Buddhists who diverged from Hinduism  as a sub sect, over the time decided to return to Hinduism. But neither of these surmises are accurate. Until the followers of Buddha did not intend betrayal to Hinduism, Hindu rulers continued to include Buddha in divine sculptures, and constructed Viharas for the followers of Buddha.  

Similarly, a few rulers and lords who were captivated by the Buddha followers did not back out from supporting Brahmins. However, Buddha’s followers  devised a plan until 4 AD, to anoint Buddha as God, and to spread his popularity in the neighboring countries, and thereby  establish a religion in his Name. To this end, they planned to get rid of idol worship and beganto gain expertise in black magic for religious propaganda. Thus in 5 AD, Buddhist establishments functioned across the country, and several hindu kings had embraced buddhism.  Only From this period on, sculptures of Buddha were removed from Hindu temples. The leaders of Buddha followers adopted public discourse to abolish Hinduism, and proceeded to call themselves Buddha Bhikshus.

Several Hindu kings who witnessed unspeakable acts performed through unethical incantations  were easily trapped by these bhikshus . Isolated kings could not remain independent. Thus by the 6th century, the country was besieged by Buddhism. You may ask why Brahmins could not use these spells. As the incantations chanted by the Bhikshus were considered scriptural violative of scriptures, Brahmins were strictly prohibited from learning them. Nevertheless, due to their spiritual might, ancient Brahmins were endowed with the ability to arrest any kind of colossal confrontations. However, the Brahmins of the time of Bhikshus  were of proportional spiritual status in tune with their times which fell short of the spiritual pinnacle described by me. During the time of these bhikshus, Hindus of a few kingdoms were tortured. A few Buddha kings did exhibit  compassion towards the Hindus. One or two kings may have actually nurtured Brahmins in transgression of conditions imposed by bhikshus. Therefore, bhikshus of a few regions may have satisfied themselves with keeping Buddhism alive, andwould have escaped the wrath of kings by insisting upon more rigorous following of the religion. The 7th century progressed thus.

That said, because the ancient Hindus conducted themselves with exemplary purity and devotion, and because justice prevailed(Manu Dharmam)  in every kingdom, and especially when Brahmins beseeched the Gods to save Hinduism, Parameswaran decided to revive Hinduism (Divine Religion). Subsequently, a few Deiva Saadhus and particularly Avataara Mahaans who appeared since the 8th century, triumphed over Buddhism time and again and firmed up the hold of Hinduism.

At this juncture, since introspection (vichaaram) in Vedanta had begun diminishing at that time, and keeping in mind the world may forget the ultimate state of human existence that is Gnaana (becoming one with Brahmam), Adi Shankara reincarnated to revive Advaita Siddhaantham. Not stopping at having established Advaitam, this Avataara Mahaan triumphed over Buddhism and fortified Hinduism in regions that he travelled across. Hindu Pandits of the time who were astonished at Shankara’s intellectual prowess believed him to be a reincarnation of Parameswarar, and a few from these regions, noted down his life stories. It is due to this that we are able to learn his history in a sequential manner. He undertook travels to a majority of Indian regions.

When Adi Sankara (8th Century) was touring in North India, Hinduism was very feeble in most of the parts.  The high souled Sankara while travelling along all directions declared that Bhuddhism was false and it was based on the doctrine of nothingness (Sunya Vedha) and he was out to destroy that religion.  Bhuddhists grew terribly angry with Sankara and brought him before the king of Ujjain.  Sankara prayed to be allowed to prove the falsity of Buddhism.  His prayer was granted.  With his unassailable reasoning, Sankara proved the false logic of the Buddhists and defeated them easily. When the latter admitted their defeat, they accepted Sankara’s doctrine and embraced Hinduism.  Then he travelled to Malla, Marunoha, Magadha, Gaya, Ayodhya, Prayag and other placed and converted the Buddhists to his own religion.  Then he went to Kanchi.  The King of Kanchi, Himsitala had great leaning towards the religion of Buddha.  Sankara appeared before the king and proved the falsity of Buddhism.  There upon the king and the learned men that were present there became exceedingly angry and even threatened to punish him.   But Sankara prayed that he would be allowed to argue with the pundits and said that if he was defeated, he was prepared to undergo any amount of punishment.  The king then brought down many learned Buddhists fromj different places.  Sankara argued with those numerous pundits and finally the Buddhists one and all admitted their defeat.  The king consequently punished all Buddhists and accepted the doctrine of Sankara.  The history of this victory is found inscribed on the gate of the temple of Siva in Kanchi.  After founding the cities by name Siva Kanchi and Vishnu Kanchi, he desired to have a pilgrimage to Rameswaram.  He next went to Tiruppathi, defeated the Buddhists there also and then directed his course towards southward to Rameswaram..

A small group of  Bhikshus who had lost to Adi Shankarar in the Kanchi Royal Court, harbored resentment towards him and decided to overcome and put an end to him by adopting devious means.  Being aware that Shankara was proceeding to Rameswaram, while visiting Kshetrams along his way, they rushed to the south to meet him. Shankara questioned the purpose of their arrival, upon their spotting him in Chozha Naadu finally. They evinced thus, informing him that they had come back for a debate with him: “If indeed the Gods of your Vedas exist, you must prove that to us. If you do, we shall accept the Vedic religion and kill ourselves. If you fail to do so, you should accept Buddhism and lay down your life”, they stipulated with severity. Shankara, having accepted this without the slightest of hesitation, said, “let us go to the Kshetra where you would want to see the proof for yourselves” and left the decision to their choice. They replied that it would be sufficient if he would prove it at the nearby Madhyaarjunam (Thiruvidaimarudhur) Mahalinga Kshetram. Without delay, Shankara took them to the sanctum of Mahalingam. “(You have to testify for Vedic religion)It is You Who has to testify on behalf of the Vedic religion” Shankara beseeched Mahalingam. Immediately, the divine words “Veda Matham Sathyam” (“Vedic Religion is the Truth”), were heard from the Lingam and two arms showing Abhaya Hastham arose from it. Upon witnessing this unexpected divine incident, the Buddhists accepted the Vedic religion and readied to lay their lives down. But Shankara forgave them, advising them to accept and propagate the Vedic religion. He then pacified the fierce Goddess Akhilandeswari at Thiruvaanaikaaval by offering Her a pair of earrings (Thaadangam) and proceeded on his journey. Shankara was an Avatara Mahaan much like Gnaana Sambandar.

Since historians were unable to figure out how Buddhism disappeared suddenly in India without revolution or use of force, none showed interest in the controversy. Or they may have been sceptic about divine intervention. You may ask why Avatara Mahaans did not appear during the invasion of Islam and Christianity in India. Even though purity and honesty had not diminished in India by then, they have reduced  to an extent that Gods could not interfere, i.e., since spiritual merit had deteriorated by about 50%, Gods did not set heart on sending any Avatara Mahaans. However the Gods did reveal their presence to Hindus at a lot of other occasions, amidst  other aspects and issues.  Besides  Divinity prevailed in many places.

Let me add another thing here. Even though a religion devoid of trust in God may appear in a country, Gods take it upon themselves to bless subjects with prosperity, peace, and zeal, in accordance with justice, honesty, and discipline that a government ensures in the country. Nevertheless, people will not be able to discern divinity or the functioning of Gods. In a country where people belonging to the Divine Religion who trust in God but where on honesty and discipline diminish, Gods conceal their presence. That is, even though citizens of that country believe in Gods and indulge in their worship, they cannot perceive divinity nor the functioning of Gods, let alone attain divine benefits. Nevertheless, when good people of the same country take to worshipping Gods, they shall attain benefits in their next birth, in accordance with their good deeds (punnyam).

MAHAVASTHU (BIKKUTELIVATTERAHULA) ABOUT BUDDHA

The text proclaims itself to be a ‘repository of the dharma based on the teachings of the Buddha’ a claim which is hardly justified by its contents.  The Lokottaravadhina, a sect of the Mahasanghika school of Buddhism which came into existence over two centuries after Buddha’s nirvana, consider it as an important scriptural work belonging to their Vinaya -  pitaka though hardly any vinaya or disciplinary teaching can be found in the present text.  It is written in  ‘Buddhist hybrid Samskrit” a mixture of the then prevalent middle Indic dialects with a lot of sanskritisation, which presents complicated problems for the linguist.

No definite date can be assigned for this compilation, but as Dr.Winternitz suggests “ The nucleus of the work is old and probably originated as far back as the 2nd Century B.C. even though it was enlarged in the 4th Century A.D. and perhaps still later by additions and inter prolations.”  The social and administrative structures described in the M.V. would make it more a work of the 4th Century A.D. than of an earlier date.  Needless to state, this portion is the most informative and readable part of the present Study.

Reviewed by S.R.Iyer.

 

173 A to D

கோடி பிறவியெடுத்து பாமரனாகப் பிறப்பான் பாதகன்

KODI PIRAVIYEDUTHU  PAAMARANAAGA PIRAPPAAN PAADHAGAN.

விவேக நிலைக்குமத்தனை பிறவிகளேற்பவன் பாமரன்.

VIVEGA NILAIKKUM ATHANAI PIRAVIKALERPPAVAN PAAMARAN.

பாதக நிலைக்கும் பின்னேறக் கூடியவன் பாமரன்.

PAADHAGA   NILAIKKUM   PINNERA  KOODIYAVAN   PAAMARAN.

பாமர நிலைக்குப் பின்னேறவும் கூடியவன் விவேகி.                           

PAAMARA NILAIKKU PINNERAVUM KOODIYAVAN VIVEKI

173 A to D: The game played using the picture ‘Paramapadha Sobhana Padam ’ consisting of pictures of ladders and snakes, depicts A to D.

  விஷ்ணுவை வீழ்த்த தவமேற்ற அஸுரர் புராண விவேகி.

   VISHNUVAI   VEEZHTHA   THAVAMETRA   ASURAR   PURAANA   VIVEKI.

   The Asuras who undertook penance to defeat Vishnu.

  விஷ்ணுவாலேயே வெல்லப்பட்ட அஸுரர் பரம விவேகி.

    VISHNUVAALEYE   VELLAPATTA   ASURAR   PARAMA   VIVEKI.

    The Asuras who were killed by Vishnu Himself.

 

174 F. G. It is difficult to overlook mentioning Asuras who desired a position of high excellence. Inspite of being Brahmins and kinsmen of the Devas, the Asuras were men of anger and obstinacy. They nurtured unlimited greed towards rank, but were excellent devotees of Lord Shiva. Their kingdoms shone with excellence as well. They were bestowed with great boons begot by penance towards Lord Paramasiva. Using these boons, they developed agreed to rule over the entire earth. Hence the Asuras undertook measures to dethrone Lord Mahavishnu. (Lord Parameswara is the ruler of the universe. Lord Mahavishnu commands our world that is part of the universe. This is what our ancestors meant when they said ‘Sarvam Vishnu Mayam Jagath’. Moreover, the Asuras considered as their enemies,  the Maharishis who refused to praise them.

Ultimately, Lord Mahavishnu who was anointed by the Almighty as the savior of the world, himself incarnated in various forms to put an end to the entire Asura dynasty. The Asura leaders who were obliterated by God Himself are now servants of Lord Mahavishnu!

 

 

174.H  ஈசனால் உயிருடன் மறைத்து விடவும் படுபவர் மகான்.

          EESANAAL   UYIRUDAN   MARAITHU   VIDAVUM   PADUBAVAR   MAHAAN. 

                                

          He who can be hidden alive by Easan. (god)

 

174 H. Sivaperuman hid the mortal bodies of Nandhanaar, Sridhara Ayyaavaal, Govinda Dheekshithar and absorbed them into Himself.

176 A.

விபரீத வாதங்களை மூளையால் வாதிப்பவன் பாபி.

VIBAREEDHA    VAADHANGALAI   MOOLAIYAAL    VAADHIPPAVAN   PAPI.

He who invents perverse arguments by brain.

176.B

விக்ஞானத்தை உயர்மூளையால் ஸாதிப்பவன் பாமரன்.

VIGNAANATHAI   UYAR  MOOLAIYAAL   SAADHIPPAVAN   PAAMARAN.                   

The modern scientist with brilliant brains.

176.G

 மூளையின் தேவையை முற்றிலும் ஒதுக்கியவர் மகான்.

 MOOLAIYIN   THEVAIYAI   MUTRILUM   ODHUKKIYAVAR   MAHAAN.

 He who totally ignores the need for brain.

176 A, B, G. Normally, we who use intelligence are unable to ignore brain altogether. That is, we are benefited in our everyday activities by use of our brain. Besides, higher education, mathematics, astrology, modern science, research etc. that are undertaken by those with better intellect, are supported ably by the brain. But the same brain aids those with an evil intellect, in matters of guile, theft, lies, needless wordy duels, and spiritual fraud. The expansion of good intelligence can be considered ‘Buddhi’. Sirandha Vivekis, who are gifted with such Buddhi, mostly do not require use of their brain. Mahaans, who become engrossed in Bhakthi have no use of their brain. Besides, it is important to know, especially for governments, that when factors except virtues,  buddhi and bhakthi  develop beyond their limits, the world may gradually be engulfed in worry, distress, insecurity, grave diseases, famine etc.

The effects mentioned above will be realized by the world only a few generations down the line, as evinced by the adage ‘the stone may wear out  as ants move over it’. Elderly statesmen who possessed the buddhi to foresee these consequences. ( thumbai vittu vaalaip pidikkavillai).

They had imposed a ban on modernity under the disguise of  cultural advancement , did not get their priority mixed. ‘Even Excess Nector is Venom’ ‘Expansion means friction’. Besides, I agree that each of the wonderful scientific gadgets are made with the best of intentions. But those achieved by unrestrained use of brain unaccompanied by buddhi will eventually destroy well-being. One among the divine punishments (punishments of nature) unleashed during this present time of sinners, is for mankind to suffer due to the exceptional human brain. Such a scientific brain is granted by the Lord Kali to a few, during each era of sin of the Kali Yuga. Kali yuga is the final yuga of each Mahayuga. One Mahayuga consists offour yugas. These four yugas are: Krutayuga of duration 1728000 years, Tretaayuga of duration 1296000 years, Dwaparayuga of duration 864000 years, and Kaliyuga of duration 432000 years. The lifetime of our earth  consists of a thousand Mahayugas.

Note: Our Kaliyuga has now crossed approximately three lakh years.

177 A.

பாப புண்யங்களை பொய்யென்று கூறுபவன் பாபி.

PAAPA   PUNNIYANGALI   POI    YENDRU    KOORUBAVAN   PAPI.

He who denies the concept of virtue and sin. (Papa and Punya).

177 A. Until we comprehend our body as real, until our body can be affected by weapons or grave diseases, until we experience bodily hunger and thirst, Paapam and Punyam are real and true.

177 B

சில புண்ய செயல்களால் பிறவாமையை நினைப்பவன் பாமரன்.

SILA   PUNYA   SEYALGALAAL   PIRAVAAMAIYAI   NINAIPPAVAN   PAAMARAN.

He who thinks of immortality by a few virtuous deeds.

177 B. It is said that there is no rebirth when one bathes in Ganga, or when one visits certain sacred places, or when one observes a few divine karmas or enacts a few holy deeds. But these sacred deeds and their enacting were imparted by ancestors with the noble intention of uplifting the virtuous people of the time through their several rebirths. Hence, these sacred deeds do not bear fruit when performed by paapis.

177 F

பகவானையும் தன்னையும் இரண்டாகக் காண்பவர் மகான். BAGAVAANAIYUM   THUNNAIYUM   IRANDAAGA   KAANBAVAR   MAHAAN.

He who sees god as distinct from him.

177 G.

மாய்கையை உணர்ந்து ஒருமையில் லயிப்பவர் துறவி.

MAAYGAIYAI   UNARNDHU   ORUMAIYIL   LAYIPPAVAR    THURAVI.

He who merges into oneness by understanding duality.

177 H

கடவுளுடன் அத்வைதியாகக் கலப்பவர் ஞானி.

KADAVULUDAN   ADHVAITHIYAAGA   KALAPPAVAR   GNANI.

He who merges into Kadavul as Advaithi.

Orumaiyum Upanishadgalum – Oneness and Upanishads

177 F.G.H. Thuravis, even while bearing witness to the contents of the world  just like us, experience the same as illusory at the same time. For instance, even when a huge rock is dropped on a Thuravi who is lying down, he will not be crushed under it. The reason being the rock is an illusion to him; similarly his body is also an illusion to him. Hence the thuravi emerges unscathed from under the rock. That is, it is to be taken that one illusion emerges from another. Contrarily, if the thuravi so wills to show us that his body and the rock are real, he may let his body to be crushed underneath. That is, he may lay dead. Although the very next moment,  he may startle us by leaving the place with his body intact.

Let us elaborate further. Vedanta (the Upanishads) have explained that the universe is an illusion, with an omnipotent ‘Brahmam’ pervading it entirely. Moreover according to Vedanta everything we see are only reflections of the omnipotent entity otherwise known as ‘Manas’ and are unreal. That is, it is to be understood that these reflections perpetually merge into the omnipotent entity and reemerge from it. Such an explanation is difficult to comprehend for those like me.(Note SIR’s humility) Hence it is enough if we know that Brahmam is the only real entity and those emerging from it are all illusory. The gun is an illusion; the body of a thuravi is an illusion to him; the act of gunshot is also an illusion. Hence shooting of a thuravi does him no harm. Such explanation of the Brahmam is referred to as Monism or Advaitam. But members of two recent sects do not accept Advaita philosophy.

They declare that human attainment of the Lord’s feet at Vaikunta or the functioning of humans on a divine plane is Vedanta or the culmination of human birth. That is, they have adopted philosophies namely Dvaitam and Visishtaadvaitam which regard divinity as one entity and us humans as another (dualism). Therefore, those of this material world who do not believe in Advaitam generally refer to themselves as ‘Dvaithigal’, while those who trust Advaitam call themselves  as ‘Advaitis’.

Upanishadhugal -- Upanishads

A scholar who researched the Upanishads says thus:

Dr.Winternitz computes that there are over 200 works which styles themselves Upanishads.  Many of them  can never claim any direct affiliation to the vedas and are clearly sectarian in tenor.  They reproduce almost verbatim some passages from the Canonical Upanishads, jumbled with other passages that exalt a particular sectarian divinity to the status of Brahman.  Such titles as Gopichandanoparishad betray their sectarian origin.  The great Sankaracharya who was the first to write Commentaries on the Upanishads selected only ten Upanishads as being genuine and purely philosophical in their outlook.  The ten Canonical Upanishads are Easa, Kena, Katha, Prasna, Mundaka, Mandukya, Aitereya, Taitriya, Chandokya and Brahadaranyaka.  Of these, the most voluminous are the Brahadaranyaka and the Chadokya , and the shortest are the Isavasya and the Mandukya.  Swethesthavara and Kaushitaki are also considered Canonical though there are no commentaries on them from the pen of Sankara.

Egypthiyargalin Predha Adakkam -- Egyptian Corpse Burial

Each ancient country of the divine religion that held in high esteem obsequies, ensured exemplary puritan functioning of its citizens. Let us now pay attention to the historically known method of Egyptian corpse burial.

After having embalmed the body for about 75 days, the friends and the nearest relations of the dead acquaint the judges and the rest of their friends with the time prefixed for the funeral of such any one by name, declaring that such a day he is to pass the lake at which time 40 judges appear and sit together in a semicircle in a place beyond the lake; where a ship (before provided by such as have the care of the business is hauled upto the shore, governed by a pilot, whom the Egyptians called Charon.

The ship being now in the lake every one is at liberty by the law to accuse the dead before the coffin be put aboard; and if any accuser appears and makes good his accusation, that he lived an ill life,  then the judge give sentence and the body is debarred from being buried after the ususla manner; but if the informer be convicted of scandalous and malicious accusation he is very severely punished.  If no informer appear or tha the information proves false, all the kindred of the deceased leave off mourning and begin to set forth his appraises; but  say nothing of his caste as is the custom among the Greeks.  Because they account all in Egypt to be equally noble.  But they recount how the deceased was educated from a child, his breeding till he came to man’s estate, his piety towards the gods and his justice towards men, his chastity and other virtues, wherein he excelled; and they pray and call upon the infernal deities to receive the deceased into the society of the just.  The common people take it from the other and approve of all that is said in his praise with aloud shout and set forth likewise his virtues with the highest praises and strains of commendation, as he that is to live with the just in the kingdom of Jove.

It is a Custom among them to give the bodies of their parents in pawn to their creditors and they that do not presently redeem them, fall under the greatest disgrace imaginable and are denied burial after their deaths.  One may justly wonder at the authors of this excellent constitution, who both by what we see practiced among the living and by the decent burial of the dead, did (as much as possibly lay within the power of man) endeavor to promote honesty and faithful dealing with one another.  And in aftertimes, when the kindred pay off the debts, they bury their ancestors with state and splendor.  Amongst the Egyptians, it is a sacred constitution that they should at their greatest costs honour their parents and ancestors who are translated to heavenly habitation.  During thousands of years of the Egyptian epoch, nobody had ever been accused of vicious deeds, but on the contrary were praised of their worthy life for they were a people possessing moral rectitude.

The Egyptian Brahmins were proficient  in sending the Jivatmas of the dead to appropriate sacred regions (temporary lives of bliss). They wielded such prowess with the permission of the Gods. Let us stop this here.

In contemporary times, a few who are unable to bear grief, unending worry, grave diseases, extreme poverty etc. commit suicide. This is wrong. A ban has been imposed on performing obsequies for them for a particular period of time. That is, even karmas performed will not be effective. Hence such disembodied souls suffer from hunger and thirst. Hence, these souls take refuge in the bodies of women who have been destined to be possessed by evil spirits, and consume unlimited food through them. Moreover, the women who are so destined, indulge in evil pranks  and cause distress to their family members. Such women are generally referred to as ‘having been possessed’.  Once these souls of suicide victims complete their period of suffering they  gain freedom from these evil spirits. A few souls of suicide victims also suffer from hunger until a stipulated time. Unable to earn the fruits of karma, these consume eatables lying on the road. There is absolutely no relation between possession by spirits and brain disorder. Besides, these disembodied souls may visit their homes and observe the activities of  their family members. These souls cannot communicate with their family members, nor can they see them.

 

Maharishigalin Nilaigal – The states of Maharishis

Until now, we spoke about the states of human beings. Let us now learn a little about Maharishis. I shall refer to the ups and downs prevalent among Maharishis, as ‘states’ (‘nilaigal’). I shall now narrate how Viswamitra Chakravarthi rose through each rank.

Viswamitrar who commenced Penance (Thapas), attained the title of Rishi only after six thousand years. A few thousands of years later, he attained the title ‘Rajarishi’. In the mean time, by virtue of having cursed a few, and by having redeemed others or by having granted them boons, the power gained by his Penance (thapas) was gradually spent. Hence the Rajarishi adopted vigilance in spending the power gained from his Penance (thapas). Resuming Penance( thapas) , the Rajarishi attained the title of Maharishi, a thousand years later. He continued his Penance further. At the end of a millennium, upon the appearance of Menaka, he lost himself in her glamour. But he did realize the obstacle in his evolution. Hence, until his ascension to Brahmarishi, he vowed to take food only once every thousand years of Penance(thapas). When the Penance(thapas)  resumed after the Menaka episode started to  gain strength, Devendran sent along Ramba. This time round, though the Maharishi avoided falling for Ramba, he committed the fault of avoidable anger. That is, Ramba became a victim of his curse. The Maharishi, however, immediately realized his huge blunder in cursing her. He reminded himself of the need for equanimity and forbearance in the quest for a glorious state. Hence, Viswamitrar resumed Penance (thapas) and upon the completion of a thousand years, he was about to partake of food. Just then, Devendran appeared in front of the Maharishi in the guise of a Brahmana. Claiming that he was on an empty stomach, he asked for food as alms. This time round, the Maharishi exercised caution. Recognizing the real identity of the hungry Brahmin, he did not assume even an iota of anger. He lovingly gave away the food he was about to partake. (It is customary for Devendran to misconstrue the motives of a Maharishi’s severe Penance , as an attempt in dethroning him). However, at the very same moment, he expected the appearance of Brahma. Even after all the requirements of a Brahmarishi had been fulfilled, the non-appearance of Brahma irked him a little. He immediately had a change of mind. He realized that it is a mistake to expect the arrival of God at his will and pleasure, and that he must possess an imperturbable mind.

Hence he adopted unconditional surrender( Sarvasanga Parithyaagaa)  and sat in deep meditaion of God. That was all! Devendraloka suffered from unbearable heat waves. All the Devas rushed to the abode of Brahma (Brahmaloka)  along with Indra. They entreated Brahma to immediately grant the request of Viswamithrar. Brahma proceeded to the earthly abode of penance(Thapovanam  )of Viswamithrar, along with everyone. Viwamithrar fell at the feet of Brahma. Brahma conferred the title ‘Brahmarishi’ on Viswamithrar. But Viswamithrar was not satisfied with that. He requested that he be endorsed by the very words of Vasishta Maharishi. Brahma, along with the Devas, met Vasishtar. Vasishta Maharishi reached the abode of Viswamithrar in person and endorsed the title of Brahmarishi conferred upon the later. You may be aware of the earlier incident involving Viswamithra Chakravarthi and Vasishtar. While in the woods on a hunting expedition, Viswamithra Chakravarthi (a Kshatriyan) was received by Sage Vasishta. A grand feast was accorded by Vasishta to the king and his soldiers, under the aegis of  his celestial cow Nandini (Daughter of Kamadhenu). Amazed by this, the king claimed that the celestial cow with such powers had to belong only to an emperor such as him, and asked Vasishta to grant him possession of Nandini. When Vasishta responded that it is not within his powers to grant the request, the king tried to forcefully drag the cow away. Nandhini expressed her desire to stay back in the hermitage with Vasishta, the Brahmarishi responded saying “It is up to you” . Nandini  then proceeded to use her powers to create armies who chased away the soldiers of Viswamithrar. Enraged by this, the king along with his army, schemed to eliminate Vasishta and drag Nandini away. But all his weapons proved futile against the power of Vasishtar’s Brahmadhanda. Through this incident, Viswamithra Chakravarthi was inspired to become a Brahmarishi himself.

States equivalent to Viveki, Rajya Viveki, Saadhu, Siranda Viveki, Mahaan etc. exist for the Devas and especially for the Rishis. Generally they are also privy to family, status, position, interest, anger, rage, peace etc. But Rishis are aware of the all the secrets of creation. They are the architects of the world’s refined arts and Scriptures. They wield the powers of curse, as well as  redemption. They can reach the abode of Gods at their whim. However as per the adage that there exists a superior for everyone in the world, there are higher and relatively lower powers among the Rishis. A few are incomparable far sighted (Dheerkadharisis). By introspection they are capable of knowing everything. Some are capable of redeeming those they cursed. It is a cardinal sin to compare ourselves to Maharishis, even though they assume states just like us. Maharishis who function as Mahaans are immersed in  bliss (Aanandam). Note that Devas who commit grave mistakes may also be at the receiving end of the curses of Maharishis.

Upon hearing a crow (in fact given by Devendran), Rishi Gautama proceeded to the riverbank for his bath in the dead of the night. However, feeling something amiss, he got wind of the conspiracy through his powers of discernment. Meanwhile, Indran knocked at the door of the Rishi’s abode and Akalya, wife if Gautama Rishi upon opening the door, stood mesmerized at Indra’s glorious looks (thejas). At the very instant, Gautama entered the ashramam. Consequence? Gautamar cursed Indran and Akalya. Akalya received a horrible curse, while Indra was condemned to a humiliating curse. Gautamar may be equated to the state of a Viveki.

Nahushan, who earned the title of Devendran, was carried aloft in a palanquin borne by Maharishis, on his way to meet Indrani for the first time. One among those Maharishis was Agastya. Overcome with amorousness, Nahusha ordered the palanquin to be steered faster. Agastya, who was angered by Nakusha’s lack of magnanimity considering his position as Indra, cursed him to take become a snake. Nakusha fell from his seat on the palanquin, as a huge snake. Kubera-like Brothers Ilvalan (Iluvan) and Vaataapi,  practiced evil in the guise of hospitality. That is, in the feast offered to the guest, Vaataapi would sit as a particular food item. Once the guest finished eating, the brothers enacted an evil drama in which Vilvalan would call out to Vataapi asking him to ‘come out’, and the latter would tear open the guest’s stomach and emerge. Through this evil act, they managed to kill many Rishis and scholars. When they tried this scheme with Agastyar, the rishi being aware of their evil act, ordered Vaataapi to be digested into his system. The deceitful magician was killed.

Parikshit Maharaja left after garlanding a Maharishi who was lost in Penance and accordingly did not respond to his questions. The Maharishi’s son who arrived later, removed the dead snake from around his father’s neck and cursed that “Let one who put the snake attain death by snake within a week”.  At the very instant, the Maharishi lapsed out of Penance thapas and remarked “Son! You have given such a severe curse for an insignificant  issue; may he listen to Bhagavatham within this week and attain liberation. Go and inform Parikshit who committed this mistake” and sent his son on his way. Such a Rishi may be compared to the state of a Saadhu.

Maharishi Dhurvaasaa was known for his anger; he cursed Shakunthala that she may be forgotten by Dhushyantha, because she did not welcome the Maharishi with reverence. He did not curse her thus for her transgression in hospitality alone. It was Dhurvaasaa’s intention to emphasize the righteous behavior to be exhibited at the very sight of elders. By recounting this incident, I am reminded of another instance in which the Greek God Jupiter punished those who faulted in hospitality of guests. Note that Dhurvaasa Maharishi may be compared to a Rajya Viveki who dishes out punishments.

Renukadevi was slightly amazed looking at the shadow of a Gandharva, which had fallen on earth. Jamadagni Maharishi, who learnt through his intuition of  this transgression and it was the reason behind his wife’s delayed return to the Ashram, ordered his son to decapitate her. Obeying his father’s orders implicitly, the son completed the task without flinching. Maharishi then ordered his son to request any wish he needed fulfilled. The son beseeched for his mother’s life to be restored. Unable to go back on his word, the Maharishi brought Renuka back to life. Jamadagni Maharishi appears to be a censurer of even minor sins, and as an exalted one endowed with powers to restore lives. There exist Deiva Saadhus who are capable of dishing out shocking punishments to those who commit transgressions towards divinity even  unknowingly. Thus Jamadagni may be compared to a Deiva Saadhu. Maharishis who transformed into Mahaans, still shine brightly  from their abodes at Kailasam, Vaikuntam and Brahmalokam.